Italian Minister of the Colonies
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Italian Minister of the Colonies

The Ministry of the Colonies was the ministry of the government of the Kingdom of Italy responsible for the government of the country's colonial possessions and the direction of their economies. It was set up on 20 November 1912 by Royal Decree n. 1205, turning the Central Direction of Colonial Affairs within the Ministry for Foreign Affairs into a separate ministry. Royal Decree n. 431 of 8 April 1937 renamed it the Ministry of Italian Africa after the Italian annexation of Ethiopia and the birth of Italian East Africa. It was suppressed on 19 April 1953 by law n. 430.

List of Ministers

Minister of the Colonies

No. Picture Minister of the Colonies Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1
Pietro Bertolini
Bertolini, PietroPietro Bertolini
(1859-1920)
21 November 191221 March 19141 year, 120 daysLiberal UnionGiolitti IV
2
Ferdinando Martini
Martini, FerdinandoFerdinando Martini
(1841-1928)
21 March 191418 June 19162 years, 89 daysLiberal UnionSalandra I-II
3
Gaspare Colosimo [it]
Colosimo, GaspareGaspare Colosimo [it]
(1859-1944)
18 June 191623 June 19193 years, 5 daysLiberal UnionBoselli
Orlando
4
Luigi Rossi [it]
Rossi, LuigiLuigi Rossi [it]
(1867-1941)
23 June 191914 March 1920265 daysRadical PartyNitti I
-
Francesco Saverio Nitti
Nitti, FrancescoFrancesco Saverio Nitti
(1867-1941)
Acting
14 March 192021 May 192068 daysRadical PartyNitti I
5
Meuccio Ruini
Ruini, MeuccioMeuccio Ruini
(1867-1941)
21 May 192015 June 192025 daysRadical PartyNitti II
(4)
Luigi Rossi [it]
Rossi, LuigiLuigi Rossi [it]
(1867-1941)
15 June 19204 July 19211 year, 19 daysRadical PartyGiolitti V
6
Giuseppe Girardini [it]
Girardini, GiuseppeGiuseppe Girardini [it]
(1856-1923)
4 July 192126 February 1922237 daysPDSIBonomi I
7
Giovanni Amendola
Amendola, GiovanniGiovanni Amendola
(1882-1926)
4 July 192126 February 1922237 daysLiberal Democratic PartyFacta I-II
8
Luigi Federzoni
Federzoni, LuigiLuigi Federzoni
(1878-1967)
26 February 19223 June 19242 years, 98 daysANIMussolini
9
Pietro Lanza di Scalea [it]
Scalea, PietroPietro Lanza di Scalea [it]
(1863-1938)
3 June 19246 November 19262 years, 156 daysFascist Party Mussolini
(8)
Luigi Federzoni
Federzoni, LuigiLuigi Federzoni
(1878-1967)
6 November 192618 December 192842 daysFascist Party Mussolini
-
Benito Mussolini
Mussolini, BenitoBenito Mussolini
(1883-1945)
Acting
18 December 192812 September 1929268 daysFascist Party Mussolini
10
Emilio De Bono
Bono, EmilioEmilio De Bono
(1866-1944)
12 September 192917 January 19355 years, 127 daysFascist Party Mussolini
-
Benito Mussolini
Mussolini, BenitoBenito Mussolini
(1883-1945)
Acting
17 January 193511 June 19361 year, 146 daysFascist Party Mussolini
11
Alessandro Lessona [it]
Lessona, AlessandroAlessandro Lessona [it]
(1891-1991)
11 June 19368 April 1937301 daysFascist Party Mussolini

Ministers of Italian Africa

No. Picture Minister of Italian Africa Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1
Alessandro Lessona [it]
Lessona, AlessandroAlessandro Lessona [it]
(1891-1991)
8 April 193720 November 1937226 daysFascist Party Mussolini
-
Benito Mussolini
Mussolini, BenitoBenito Mussolini
(1883-1945)
Acting
20 November 193731 October 19391 year, 345 daysFascist Party Mussolini
2
Attilio Teruzzi
Teruzzi, AttilioAttilio Teruzzi
(1882-1950)
31 October 193925 July 19433 years, 267 daysFascist Party Mussolini
3
Melchiade Gabba [it]
Gabba, MelchiadeMelchiade Gabba [it]
(1874-1952)
27 July 194311 February 1944199 daysFascist Party Badoglio I
-
Pietro Badoglio
Badoglio, PietroPietro Badoglio
(1871-1956)
Acting
11 February 19448 June 1944118 daysIndependentBadoglio I-II
-
Ivanoe Bonomi
Bonomi, IvanoeIvanoe Bonomi
(1873-1951)
Acting
18 June 194421 June 19451 year, 13 daysLabour DemocraticBonomi II-III
-
Ferruccio Parri
Parri, FerruccioFerruccio Parri
(1873-1951)
Acting
21 June 19458 December 1945170 daysActionParri
-
Alcide De Gasperi
Gasperi, AlcideAlcide De Gasperi
(1873-1951)
Acting
10 December 194519 April 19537 years, 132 daysChristian DemocracyDe Gasperi I-II-III-IV-V-VI-VII

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Italian_Minister_of_the_Colonies
 



 



 
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