Ishqi-Mari
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Ishqi-Mari
Ishqi-Mari
?
King of Mari
Ishqi-Mari (dark background).jpg
Statue of Ishqi-Mari,[1]Aleppo National Museum. Here seen at an exhibition in the Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris in 2014.[2][3][4]
Reignc. 2350-2330 BCE Middle Chronology
King of Mari
Mari is located in Near East
Mari
Mari
Location of Mari, where Ishqi-Mari ruled.

Ishqi-Mari or Ishgi-Mari (? i?11-gi4-ma-rí),[5] previously read Lamgi-Mari,[6][1] was a King of the second Mariote kingdom who reigned c. 2350-2330 BCE. He is one of three Mari kings known from archaeology, Ikun-Shamash probably being the oldest one.[7] The third king is Iku-Shamagan, also known from an inscribed statue.

In their inscriptions, these Mari kings used a dialect of the Akkadian language, whereas their Sumerian contemporaries to the south used the Sumerian language.[7]

It is thought that Ishqi-Mari was the last king of Mari before the conquest and the destruction of Mari by the Akkadian Empire under Sargon circa 2330 BCE.[8]

Inscriptions

Ishqi-Mari is known from a statue with inscription.[7] The statue is in the Aleppo National Museum.[1][9][10] The inscription on the back of the statue reads:

Ishqi-Mari inscription (with transcription).jpg
? / / ? / / / / /

ish11-gi4-ma-ri2 / lugal ma-ri2 / ensi2 gal / Den-lil2 / dul3-su3 / a-na / Dinanna-nita / sa12-rig9

"Ishqi-Mari, king of Mari, great ensi of Enlil, dedicated his statue to Inanna"

-- Statue inscription of Ishqi-Mari.[11][1][12]

This inscription was instrumental in identifying Tell Hariri with the Mari of antiquity.[13]

Several cylinder seals with intricate designs in the name of "Ishqi-Mari, King of Mari" are also known.[14]

Discovery (23 January 1934)

Excavation of the statue of Ishqi-Mari on 23 January 1934

The statue of Ishqi-Mari was discovered buried in the archaeological remains of the ancient city of Mari, in the Temple of Ishtar, by a French archaeological team led by André Parrot on 23 January 1934.[15][16]

The statue shows Ishqi-Mari with a long beard and parted and plaited hair. He wears a hairbun similar to the Sumerian royal hairbuns, such as on the headdress of Meskalamdug or reliefs on Eannatum.[1][17] He wears a fringed coat leaving one shoulder bare, a type of clothing also seen on contemporary Akkadian Empire depictions of rulers.[15]

In Aleppo museum

King Ishqi-Mari of Mari
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hidar
King of Mari
2350-2330 BCE
Succeeded by
(Akkadian Empire)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2003. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-58839-043-1.
  2. ^ "Voués à Ishtar". Institut du monde arabe (in French). 19 July 2016.
  3. ^ Complete views of the statue upon discovery: Parrot, André (1935). Les fouilles de Mari (Première campagne). p. Plate VII.
  4. ^ "Voués à Ishtar. Syrie, janvier 1934: André Parrot découvre Mari (2014 exhibit)" (PDF).
  5. ^ Beyer, Dominique (18 December 2018). "Les sceaux de Mari au IIIe millénaire : Observations sur la documentation ancienne et les données nouvelles des villes I et II". Akh Purattim 1 (in French). MOM Éditions. pp. 231-260.
  6. ^ ?
  7. ^ a b c Spycket, Agnès (1981). Handbuch der Orientalistik (in French). BRILL. p. 86. ISBN 978-90-04-06248-1.
  8. ^ Eppihimer, Melissa (2019). Exemplars of Kingship: Art, Tradition, and the Legacy of the Akkadians. Oxford University Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-19-090302-2.
  9. ^ Spycket, Agnès (1981). Handbuch der Orientalistik (in French). BRILL. p. 88. ISBN 978-90-04-06248-1.
  10. ^ Alfred Haldar (1971). Who Were the Amorites. p. 16.
  11. ^ "CDLI-Archival View". cdli.ucla.edu.
  12. ^ For a clear picture of the inscription: "Images of Ishqi-Mari".
  13. ^ Leick, Gwendolyn (2002). Who's Who in the Ancient Near East. Routledge. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-134-78796-8.
  14. ^ Seal impression 1, Seal impression 2 in Beyer, Dominique (18 December 2018). "Les sceaux de Mari au IIIe millénaire : Observations sur la documentation ancienne et les données nouvelles des villes I et II". Akh Purattim 1 (in French). MOM Éditions. pp. 231-260.
  15. ^ a b Leick, Gwendolyn (2002). Who's Who in the Ancient Near East. Routledge. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-134-78796-8.
  16. ^ Parrot, André (1935). "Les fouilles de Mari. Première campagne (hiver 1933-34). Rapport préliminaire". Syria. 16 (1): 1-28. doi:10.3406/syria.1935.8338. ISSN 0039-7946. JSTOR 4389879.
  17. ^ McKeon, John F. X. (1970). "An Akkadian Victory Stele". Boston Museum Bulletin. 68 (354): 237. ISSN 0006-7997. JSTOR 4171539.

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