Isaiah 34
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Isaiah 34
Isaiah 34
Great Isaiah Scroll.jpg
The Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran from the second century BC, contains all the verses in this chapter.
BookBook of Isaiah
Hebrew Bible partNevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part5
CategoryLatter Prophets
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part23

Isaiah 34 is the thirty-fourth chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.[1] This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is a part of the Book of the Prophets.[2] The Jerusalem Bible groups chapters 28-35 together as a collection of "poems on Israel and Judah",[3] although this chapter is addressed to all nations and to Edom in particular.


The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 17 verses.

Textual witnesses

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, i.e., the Isaiah Scroll (1Qlsaa; complete; 356-100 BCE[4]), and of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes Codex Cairensis (895 CE), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[5]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[6]


The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[7] Isaiah 34 is a part of the Prophecies about Judah and Israel (Isaiah 24-35). {S}: closed parashah.

{S} 34:1-17 {S}

Verse 1

Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people:
let the earth hear, and all that is therein;
the world, and all things that come forth of it.[8]

Verse 10

It shall not be quenched night nor day;
the smoke thereof shall go up for ever:
from generation to generation it shall lie waste;
none shall pass through it for ever and ever.[9]
  • "Quenched": from the Hebrew root: k-b-h (, kabah, "to be quenched or extinguished, to go out"[10]), is also used in Isaiah 1:31 and 66:24 for: "the fire that shall not be quenched"; of the servant in 42:3, that "a dimly burning wick ('smoking flax') he will not quench"; as well as in 43:17: 'those who oppose the LORD'S path are "quenched like a wick"'.[11]

See also


  1. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  2. ^ Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
  3. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), Isaiah section E: Poems on Israel and Judah
  4. ^ Jull, Timothy A. J.; Donahue, Douglas J.; Broshi, Magen; Tov, Emanuel (1995). "Radiocarbon Dating of Scrolls and Linen Fragments from the Judean Desert". Radiocarbon. 37 (1): 14. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
  6. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  7. ^ As implemented in the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 edition of the Hebrew Bible in English.
  8. ^ Isaiah 34:1 KJV
  9. ^ Isaiah 34:10 KJV
  10. ^ Strong's Concordance 3518. kabah
  11. ^ Coggins 2007, p. 436.


External links



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