Isaiah 33
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Isaiah 33
Micah
Great Isaiah Scroll.jpg
The Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran from the second century BC, contains all the verses in this chapter.
BookBook of Isaiah
Hebrew Bible partNevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part5
CategoryLatter Prophets
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part23

micha is the thirty-third chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is a part of the Book of the Prophets. The Jerusalem Bible groups chapters 28-35 together as a collection of "poems on Israel and Judah".[1]

Text

The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 24 verses.

Textual witnesses

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes the Codex Cairensis (895), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[2]

Fragments containing parts of this chapter were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls (3rd century BC or later):

  • 1QIsaa: complete
  • 1QIsab: extant verse 1
  • 4QIsac (4Q57): extant verses 2-8, 16-23

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[3]

Parashot

The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[4] Isaiah 33 is a part of the Prophecies about Judah and Israel (Isaiah 24-35). {P}: open parashah; {S}: closed parashah.

{S} 33:1 {S} 33:2-6 {P} 33:7-9 {S} 33:10-12 {P} 33:13-24 {S}

Verse 1

New King James Version:

Woe to you who plunder, though you have not been plundered;
And you who deal treacherously, though they have not dealt treacherously with you!
When you cease plundering,
You will be plundered;
When you make an end of dealing treacherously,
They will deal treacherously with you.

Verse 20

New King James Version:

Zion, the city of our appointed feasts

The reference is to the three pilgrimage festivals of Pesach (Passover), Shavuot (Weeks or Pentecost), and Sukkot (Tabernacles, Tents or Booths) when the ancient Israelites living in the Kingdom of Judah would make a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem.

Verses 21 and 23a

Revised Standard Version:

But there the Lord in majesty will be for us
a place of broad rivers and streams,
where no galley with oars can go,
nor stately ship can pass.
...
Your tackle hangs loose;
it cannot hold the mast firm in its place,
or keep the sail spread out.

These verses are interrupted by verse 22, which is better placed after verse 23a.[5]

A marginal note in the Masoretic Text tradition indicates that verse 21 is the middle verse of the Book of Isaiah in Hebrew.[6]

Verse 22

King James Version:

For the Lord is our judge,
the Lord is our lawgiver,
the Lord is our king;
he will save us.[7]

Verse 22 in Hebrew

Masoretic text/Dead Sea Scrolls (read from right to left):

?
?
?
?

Transliteration:

Yah-weh sh?-p-?ê-n?,
Yah-weh m?--q?-qê-n?;
Yah-weh mal-kê-n?,
h? y?-w?-shî-'ê-n?.

See also

References

  1. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), Isaiah section E: Poems on Israel and Judah
  2. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
  3. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  4. ^ As implemented in the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 edition of the Hebrew Bible in English.
  5. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), Isaiah 33
  6. ^ Shepherd, Michael (2018). A Commentary on the Book of the Twelve: The Minor Prophets. Kregel Exegetical Library. Kregel Academic. p. 23. ISBN 978-0825444593.
  7. ^

Bibliography

External links

Jewish

Christian


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