Indonesian Archipelago
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Indonesian Archipelago

Map of Indonesia

The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands. According to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, of 17,508 officially listed islands within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia,[1] 16,056 island names have been verified by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) as of July 2017.[2] This makes Indonesia the world's largest island country.[3]

History

The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional (Bakorsurtanal), the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, Indonesia has 13,466 islands.[4] However, according to earlier survey in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the Indonesian archipelago has 18,307 islands, and according to the CIA World Factbook, there are 17,508 islands.[5] The discrepancy of the numbers of Indonesian islands was because that the earlier surveys include "tidal islands"; sandy cays and rocky reefs that appear during low tide and are submerged during high tide. According to estimates made by the government of Indonesia 8,844 islands have been named, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[6]

Modern Wawasan Nusantara the Indonesian archipelagic baselines pursuant to article 47, paragraph 9, of the UNCLOS

Major islands

List of islands

The following islands are listed by province:

Java

Banten

Central Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

East Java

West Java

  • Monitor Lizard Island (Pulau Biawak), Indramayu

Sumatra

Aceh

199 islands

North Sumatra

479 islands

West Sumatra

Bengkulu

Lampung

Riau

Riau Islands

about 3,200 islands

Bangka-Belitung Islands

Kalimantan

Central Kalimantan

  • Damar
  • Baning Island
  • Buaya Island
  • Burung Island

East Kalimantan

North Kalimantan

South Kalimantan

West Kalimantan

Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi

North Sulawesi

South Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali

East Nusa Tenggara

[7]

West Nusa Tenggara

Maluku Islands

Maluku

North Maluku

New Guinea

Islands near the Indonesian half of New Guinea island.

West Papua

610 islands, 35 inhabited

Papua

See also

References

  1. ^ Faure, Michael; Faure, Michael G. (2006). Prevention and Compensation of Marine Pollution Damage: Recent Developments in Europe, China and the US. Kluwer Law International B.V. p. 99. ISBN 9789041123381.
  2. ^ (in Indonesian) Dari 17.504 Pulau di Indonesia, 16.056 telah diverifikasi PBB - Eko Prasetya - Merdeka - 19 Agustus 2017.
  3. ^ "Island Countries Of The World". WorldAtlas.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Hanya ada 13.466 Pulau di Indonesia". National Geographic Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 February 2012.
  5. ^ CIA World Factbook
  6. ^ Based on "Seminar Nasional Penetapan Nama Pulau-pulau Kecil Dalam Presektif Sejarah" or "National Seminary of Name for Little Islands from History Side", 16 to 18 July 2008 at Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  7. ^ Galapagos islands

Bibliography


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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