Indigo Girls
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Indigo Girls
Indigo Girls
Indigo Girls strumming guitars onstage
Indigo Girls at Park West in Chicago, September 18, 2005. (left to right: Amy Ray and Emily Saliers)
Background information
OriginAtlanta, Georgia, United States
GenresFolk rock
LabelsIndigo, Epic, Legacy, Columbia, Hollywood, IG Recordings/Vanguard
Joan Baez, Michael Stipe, R.E.M., Mary Chapin Carpenter, Ferron, disappear fear, Brandi Carlile, P!nk
MembersAmy Ray
Emily Saliers

Indigo Girls are a Grammy Award-winning folk rock music American duo consisting of Amy Ray and Emily Saliers. They met in elementary school and began performing together as high school students in Decatur, Georgia, part of the Atlanta metropolitan area. They started performing with the name Indigo Girls as students at Emory University, performing weekly at The Dugout, a bar in Emory Village.

They released a self-produced, full-length record album in 1987 and contracted with a major record company in 1988. After releasing nine albums with major record labels from 1987 through 2007, they have now resumed self-producing albums with their own IG Recordings company.

Outside of working on Indigo Girls-related projects, Ray has released solo albums and founded a non profit organization that promotes independent musicians, while Saliers is an entrepreneur in the restaurant industry as well as a professional author; she also collaborates with her father, Don Saliers, in performing for special groups and causes. Saliers and Ray are both lesbian and are active in political and environmental causes.

Recording and touring

Early years

Amy Ray and Emily Saliers first met and got to know each other as students at Laurel Ridge Elementary School in DeKalb County, Georgia, just outside Decatur, Georgia,[1] but were not close friends because Saliers was a grade older than Ray. While attending Shamrock High School (now Druid Hills Middle School), they became better acquainted, and started performing together, first as "The B-Band" and then as "Saliers and Ray".

Saliers graduated and began attending Tulane University in Louisiana. A year later, Ray graduated high school and began attending Vanderbilt University in Tennessee. Homesick, both returned to Georgia and transferred to Emory University in Atlanta (where Saliers' father was a professor[2]).

After forming their duo in college, the Indigo Girls played small clubs in the Emory Village district of Druid Hills, Georgia.

By 1985 they had begun performing together again, this time as the Indigo Girls. Saliers stated in a March 2007 National Public Radio Talk of the Nation interview, "we needed a name and we went through the dictionary looking for words that struck us and indigo was one."[3]

Their first release in 1985 was a seven-inch single named "Crazy Game", with the B-side "Everybody's Waiting (for Someone to Come Home)". That same year, the Indigo Girls released a six-track Extended play album named "Indigo Girls", and in 1987 released their first full-length album, Strange Fire, recorded at John Keane Studio in Athens, Georgia, and including "Crazy Game". With this release, they secured the services of Russell Carter, who remains their manager to the present; they had first approached him when the EP album was released, but he told them their songs were "immature" and they were not likely to get a record deal. Strange Fire apparently changed his opinion.[]

Epic Records (1988-2006)

The success of 10,000 Maniacs, Tracy Chapman, and Suzanne Vega encouraged Epic Records company to enlist other folk-based female singer-songwriters; Epic signed the duo in 1988. Their first major-label release, also named Indigo Girls, which scored #22 on the album chart, included a new version of "Land of Canaan", which was also on their 1985 EP album and on Strange Fire. Also on the self-titled release was their first hit "Closer To Fine" (an unlikely collaboration with Irish band Hothouse Flowers), which scored #52 on the popular music chart and #26 on the modern rock chart. They even managed one week on the mainstream rock album-oriented rock music chart at #48.[4] In 1990, they won a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album. They were also nominated for Best New Artist (but lost to Milli Vanilli who eventually had that award revoked).

Their second album, Nomads Indians Saints, went gold in December 1991 and included the hit song "Hammer and a Nail", a #12 modern rock music track; it was not as successful as their first, which was certified platinum at about the same time. The Indigo Girls followed it with the live Back on the Bus, Y'all and 1992's album Rites of Passage, featuring the song "Galileo", the duo's first top 10 modern rock music track (#10). During the accompanying tour in December, they invited on a few dates Siouxsie Sioux of Siouxsie and the Banshees as special guest to sing a couple of songs with them.[5] They then recorded Swamp Ophelia in 1994, which went platinum in September 1996, and charted at #9 on the Billboard 200 album chart.

In 1995, the Indigo Girls released a live, double CD, 1200 Curfews. Shaming of the Sun was released in 1997 followed by Come on Now Social in 1999. Shaming of the Sun debuted at number seven on the Billboard charts, driven by the duo's contribution to the Lilith Fair music festival tour. The track "Shame on You" received more airplay on adult alternative, top 40 and adult top 40 radio stations than any of their previous singles, although this seemed to be a peak in their crossover success.

Retrospective, a compilation album with two new tracks, was released in 2000 and Become You followed two years later. Their last Epic studio album was All That We Let In, released in 2004 with an accompanying tour. On June 14, 2005, they released Rarities, a collection of B-sides and rare tracks partially decided by fans' input, which fulfilled the album count obligation for their contract with Epic.

Hollywood Records (2006-07)

Indigo Girls performing in 2005.

After departing Epic, the Indigo Girls signed a five-record deal with Hollywood Records. Their first (and only) Hollywood album, Despite Our Differences, produced by Mitchell Froom, was released on September 19, 2006. John Metzger from MusicBox Online described Despite our Differences as "the most infectious, pop-infused set that the duo ever has managed to concoct.[] In fact, its melodies, harmonies, and arrangements are so ingratiating that the album carries the weight of an instant classic." Thom Jurek from AllMusic wrote: "part of an emotional journey as complete as can be. More relevant than anyone dared expect. It's accessible and moving and true. It's their own brand of rock & roll, hewn from over the years, that bears a signature that is now indelible. A moving, and utterly poetic offering."[]

The Indigo Girls contract was terminated by Hollywood Records during their 2007 tour to support the album.[]

Independent work (2007-present)

Performing at The Fillmore in Charlotte, North Carolina in 2018

Following their break with Hollywood Records, the Indigo Girls announced their next record would be released independently. Poseidon and the Bitter Bug was released on March 24, 2009, from IG Recordings, the Indigo Girls' label, and distributed through Vanguard Records. This album is their first fully independent release since 1987's Strange Fire, and their first two-CD set since 1995's live album 1200 Curfews; the first disc has the 10 tracks accompanied by a backing band, and the second includes the same 10 songs with only Ray and Saliers on vocals and acoustic guitars, and an additional track. On June 29, 2010 Indigo Girls' second full-length live album, Staring Down the Brilliant Dream, was released on IG Recordings/Vanguard Records. This was followed on October 12, 2010 with their first holiday album Holly Happy Days. Indigo Girls' thirteenth studio album, Beauty Queen Sister, was released on October 4, 2011, and their fourteenth studio album, One Lost Day, was released on June 2, 2015 (both on IG Recordings/Vanguard Records). Beginning in 2017, the Indigo Girls have toured the United States performing their music arranged for symphony orchestra. After more than fifty performances, in 2018 they released a Iive double album entitled "Indigo Girls Live with the University of Colorado Symphony Orchestra".


Ray and Saliers do not ordinarily collaborate in writing songs. They write separately and work out the arrangements together. There are a few exceptions, mostly unreleased songs from their early, pre-Epic days: "I Don't Know Your Name" and "If You Live Like That." "Blood Quantum," which appears on Honor: A Benefit for the Honor the Earth Campaign featured Ray's verses and chorus and Saliers's bridge. Finally, "I'll Give You My Skin," which appears both on Tame Yourself (a benefit album for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) and on the Indigo Girls release Rarities, is a collaborative work by Ray, Saliers, and Michael Stipe which is doubly rare, as Saliers and Ray usually write their songs without outside collaborators.

Girls Just Wanna Weekend

In July 2018, it was announced that Indigo Girls will be one of the performers at Brandi Carlile's upcoming music festival called Girls Just Wanna Weekend. This is expected to take place in January 2019 in Mexico.[6]

Touring band

The Indigo Girls have toured as a duo and with a band. In 1990, they toured with the Atlanta band, the Ellen James Society, backing them; they have also toured with side players, with one distinct group from 1991 to 1998, a second from 1999 to 2006, and a third from 2012 onwards.

First touring band
Second touring band
Third touring band
  • Jaron Pearlman - drums (2012-2016)
  • Benjamin Ryan Williams - bass (2012-2016)
  • Lyris Hung - violin (2012-present)

Solo projects

In 1990, Ray founded Daemon Records, which has signed Magnapop, Ellen James Society, New Mongrels, Kristen Hall, Rose Polenzani, Girlyman, Athens Boys Choir, and James Hall among others.

Ray has put out six solo albums, entitled Stag, Prom, Live from Knoxville, Didn't It Feel Kinder, Amy Ray: Live MVP, Lung of Love and Goodnight Tender through Daemon. She has toured with both The Butchies and her band The Volunteers.

Saliers also released a solo album, Murmuration Nation, in 2017, and is co-owner of Watershed Restaurant[7] in Decatur, Georgia, along with two of her friends. Saliers was an initial investor in the Flying Biscuit Cafe[8] in Atlanta, Georgia. In 2005, Saliers and her father, Don Saliers, a theology professor at Candler School of Theology at Emory University, released the book A Song to Sing, a Life to Live: Reflections on Music as Spiritual Practice. They promoted the release of the book together including several days of speaking and performing together at the Washington National Cathedral College in Washington D.C.

Appearances in other media

Ray and Saliers appeared in the latter half of the feature film Boys on the Side, playing short excerpts from their songs "Joking" and "Southland in the Springtime," as well as singing "Feliz Cumpleaños" ("Happy Birthday" in Spanish) with the gathered group of friends during the birthday cake scene, and standing on the far side of several shots over the next few scenes. Neither had any spoken lines. The duo also appear in the 2006 documentary Wordplay, where they discuss their reaction to appearing in a New York Times crossword puzzle and then begin to solve one together.

Ray and Saliers performed onstage in the 1994 revival of Jesus Christ Superstar in Atlanta, titled Jesus Christ Superstar: A Resurrection. Ray played the role of Jesus and Saliers played the role of Mary Magdalene. They later reprised their roles in stagings of the musical in Austin, at the South by Southwest (SXSW) festival, and in Seattle.

They made several cameo appearances on the Ellen DeGeneres sitcom Ellen. In the episode "Womyn Fest" Ellen and her friends are attending a feminist music festival and catch the end of a performance by the Indigo Girls.

They are mentioned multiple times in the 1995 Stephen King novel Rose Madder as well as being mentioned in TV shows Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Will and Grace, South Park, 30 Rock, The Office, Squidbillies, The Big Bang Theory, Saturday Night Live, and Tig Notaro's special Happy To Be Here.

Personal lives

Both Ray and Saliers have long identified themselves as lesbians.[9] Because of their engagements for LGBT rights they are regarded as icons of the movement.[10][11][12]

Amy Ray currently lives in the foothills of North Georgia. She and her wife, Carrie Schrader, have a daughter, Ozilline Graydon.[13]

Saliers married her longtime girlfriend,[14] former Indigo Girls tour manager Tristin Chipman at New York City Hall[15] in 2013.[16] Chipman, a Canadian, is from Calgary, "but she spent most of her adult life in Toronto," according to Saliers between songs when performing onstage in Vancouver in 2013.[16] The couple already had a daughter, Cleo, born in February of that year.[17][16]

Political activism

The Indigo Girls have been politically active. They have championed the causes and held benefit concerts for the environment, gay rights, the rights of Native Americans, and the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty. For many years they incorporated a recycling and public outreach program into their road tours by including Greenpeace representative Stephanie Fairbanks in their road crew. They helped Winona LaDuke establish Honor the Earth, an organization dedicated to creating support and education for native environmental issues. After performing on the activist-oriented Spitfire Tour in 1999, Ray and Saliers joined forces with The Spitfire Agency to develop the Honor The Earth Tour, which visits colleges and Native communities, and raises money for their non profit of the same name. Ray and Saliers have also appeared at the annual SOA Watch rallies, the March for Women's Lives, and several other rallies and protests.

In 2006 the Indigo Girls were featured in artist Pink's album I'm Not Dead in the song "Dear Mr. President", which Pink says[18] is a political confrontation with George W. Bush about war, poverty, LGBT rights, abortion rights, and the No Child Left Behind Act. Returning the favor, Pink performed on the Indigo Girls' "Rock and Roll Heaven's Gate," which is about, among other things, sexism and heterosexism in the music industry.

In June 2007 the Indigo Girls were part of the multi-artist True Colors Tour 2007,[19] on the tour's Las Vegas stop which benefited the Human Rights Campaign and other organizations that provide support to the LGBT community. The Indigo Girls performed again on the True Colors Tour 2008.

In April 2013, in response to criticism from transgender activists, the Indigo Girls issued a statement that they would play at the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival, but would protest the festival's "womyn-born womyn" policy from the stage.[20]

In November 2017, the Indigo Girls were nominated to Out magazine's "OUT100" for 2017 in recognition of their work and their visibility.[21]

The Indigo Girls are also members of the Canadian charity Artists Against Racism and have worked with them on awareness campaigns.[22]


Studio albums

Title Details Peak chart positions Certifications
US Rock
US Folk
US Indie
Indigo Girls (85EP)
  • Release date: 1985
  • Label: Dragon Path Music, Producers: Frank French & Kristen Hall
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Strange Fire
  • Release date: May 1, 1987
  • Label: Indigo Records, Epic Records
159 -- -- -- -- --
Indigo Girls 22 -- -- -- 64 --
  • US: 2× Platinum[29]
Nomads Indians Saints 43 -- -- -- -- --
Rites of Passage 21 -- -- -- -- --
Swamp Ophelia 9 -- -- -- 53 81
Shaming of the Sun 7 -- -- -- 83 81
Come on Now Social 34 -- -- -- -- --
Become You 30 -- -- -- -- --
All That We Let In 35 -- -- -- -- --
Despite Our Differences 47 16 -- -- -- --
Poseidon and the Bitter Bug 29 11 -- -- -- --
Holly Happy Days -- -- 4 20 -- --
Beauty Queen Sister 36 14 2 9 -- --
One Lost Day 63 7 2 7 -- --
"--" denotes releases that did not chart

Live albums

Title Details Peak chart positions Certifications
US Rock
US Folk
US Indie
Back on the Bus, Y'all (EP)
  • Release date: June 4, 1991
  • Label: Indigo Records, Epic Records
-- -- -- --
1200 Curfews 40 -- -- --
Staring Down the Brilliant Dream 119 34 2 18
"--" denotes releases that did not chart
  • Perfect World was released as a promo CD maxi single on March 1, 2004 together with 3 live tracks.[30]


Title Details Peak chart positions
4.5: The Best of the Indigo Girls[31] -- 81 43
Retrospective[32] 128 -- --
Rarities 159 -- --
Playlist: The Very Best of Indigo Girls[33] -- -- --
The Essential Indigo Girls[34] -- -- --
"--" denotes releases that did not chart


Year Title Chart positions Album
Top 40
1985 "Crazy Game" -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Non-album single
1989 "Closer to Fine" 52[] 26[] 48[] -- -- -- 53[] 57[] -- Indigo Girls
1990 "Hammer and Nail" -- 12[] -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Nomads Indians Saints
1992 "Galileo" 89[] 10[] -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Rites of Passage
"Ghost" -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1994 "Least Complicated" -- 28[] -- -- -- 98[] -- -- -- Swamp Ophelia
"I Don't Wanna Talk About It" -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Philadelphia soundtrack
1995 "Power of Two" -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Swamp Ophelia
1997 "Shame on You" 42[] -- -- -- 15[] -- -- -- -- Shaming of the Sun
"Get Out the Map" -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1998 "Shed Your Skin" -- -- -- 36[] -- -- -- -- --
1999 "Peace Tonight" -- -- -- -- 40[] -- -- -- -- Come on Now Social
"Go" -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2006 "Dear Mr. President" (with Pink) 101[] -- -- 100[] 88[] -- 55[38] 5[] 3[] I'm Not Dead

Other contributions

Live recording circulation

Indigo Girls allow fans to tape their shows,[39] and appropriately gathered recordings can be traded, obtained for free from a number of sources

Awards and Nominations

GLAAD Media Awards

Year Nominee/work Award Result
2003 Become You Outstanding Music Album Nominated

Grammy Awards

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1990 Themselves Best New Artist Nominated
Indigo Girls Best Contemporary Folk Recording Won
1991 "Hammer and a Nail" Nominated
1992 Back on the Bus, Y'all Best Contemporary Folk Album Nominated
1993 Rites of Passage Nominated
1995 Swamp Ophelia Nominated
1998 Shaming of the Sun Nominated


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  2. ^ "Biographical Sketch: Don E. Saliers". The Robert E. Webber Institute for Worship Studies. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "Indigo Girls". 2001-08-06. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "". Retrieved .
  5. ^ Zarker, Karen. "20 Questions Amy Ray". Popmatters. 20 July 2008. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
    Catlin, Roger. "Guest Complement Crowd-pleasing Indigo Girls" [live review]. Hartford Courant. 9 December 1992. Retrieved 15 July 2015
  6. ^ "Margo Price, Maren Morris and More to Play Brandi Carlile's Girls Just Wanna Weekend". Nashville Scene. July 18, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "Decatur, GA". Watershed Restaurant. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "The Flying Biscuit Cafe". Retrieved .
  9. ^ No News is Good News. The Advocate. Feb 22, 1994. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ "LGBT Studies - Symposium: Queer Iconography - Hofstra University". 2008-05-15. Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Wanda Sykes, Natash Bedingfield, Indigo Girls Headline Milwaukee's Pride Lineup ( : Milwaukee, WI News)". 2008-06-03. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Seely, Mike (2008-07-02). "Mark Knopfler a Bigger Gay Icon Than George Michael? Ten Reasons Why". Seattle Weekly. Archived from the original on 2008-07-15. Retrieved . The Indigo Girls, both proven lesbian icons, liked [Mark] Knopfler's "Romeo & Juliet" so much they recorded it themselves.
  13. ^ Ruggieri, Melissa (10 January 2014). "Amy Ray talks new country album, new baby and Indigo Girls". Access Atlanta.
  14. ^ Rogers Nazarov, Amy (May 20, 2014). "The Indigo Girls' Emily Saliers On Parenthood, Mary J. Blige and Naps". Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ Tupica, Rich (2 June 2015). "Indigo Girls' Emily Saliers Talks Motherhood, Marriage and Yelawolf". Michigan. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ a b c MacNeil, Jason (September 24, 2013). "Indigo Girls' Emily Saliers Announces Marriage To Canadian Girlfriend at Vancouver Gig". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ McKee, Jenn (June 18, 2015). "Indigo Girls' Emily Saliers talks about motherhood, her solo record and more". Ann Arbor, Michigan. Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ Haddon, Cole (July 20, 2006). "Simple Girl: Pink just wants to rock out -- and rock the boat". Broward-Palm Beach New Times. Archived from the original on December 24, 2007.
  19. ^ "Home". True Colors Tour. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "A Note from Amy and Emily". 14 April 2013. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ "OUT100: The Indigo Girls, Singer-Songwriters". Out. November 8, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^
  23. ^ a b c "Indigo Girls Album & Song Chart History - Billboard 200". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
  24. ^ a b "Indigo Girls Album & Song Chart History - Rock Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
  25. ^ a b "Indigo Girls Album & Song Chart History - Folk Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
  26. ^ a b "Indigo Girls Album & Song Chart History - Independent Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
  27. ^ a b Australian charts -
  28. ^ a b "Indigo Girls". Official Charts Company.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g "RIAA -- Gold & Platinum Searchable Database: Indigo Girls". RIAA Gold & Platinum Awards Program. Recording Industry Association of America.
  30. ^ "Indigo Girls - Perfect World". Discogs.
  31. ^ Woodstra, Chris. "4.5: The Best of the Indigo Girls". AllMusic.
  32. ^ "Indigo Girls - Retrospective". Discogs.
  33. ^ Thom Jurek. "Indigo Girls - Playlist: The Very Best of Indigo Girls". AllMusic.
  34. ^ James Christopher Monger. "Indigo Girls -The Essential Indigo Girls". AllMusic.
  35. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 269. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  36. ^ "Chart Log UK 1994-2010 I Am Arrows - Laura Izibor". Dipl.-Bibl.(FH) Tobias Zywietz. Retrieved .
  37. ^ Australian (ARIA Chart) chart peaks:
    • "Closer To Fine": "25 Years Ago This Week: August 27, 1989". Retrieved .
    • Singles and albums charting within the top 100 from January 1990 to December 2010: Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
    • "Dear Mr. President": "P!nk 'Dear Mr. President'". Hung Medien. Retrieved .
  38. ^ "Canadian Hot 100 - Dear Mr. President". Billboard. Nielson Business Media, Inc. 2007-11-24. Archived from the original on 2008-02-02. Retrieved .
  39. ^ "". 2002-06-17. Archived from the original on 2013-06-12. Retrieved .

External links

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