Indian Music Industry
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Indian Music Industry
Indian Music Industry
IMI logo
Founded28 February 1936
Key people
Blaise Fernandes, President & CEO

The Indian Music Industry (IMI) is a trust that represents the recording industry distributors in India. It was founded on February 28, 1936 as Indian Phonographic Industry (IPI). It is the 2nd oldest music industry organization in the world that was involved in protecting copyrights of music producers and supporting growth of music entertainment industry. In 1994, it was renamed as Indian Music Industry (IMI) and represented India at the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). It is also registered with the West Bengal Societies Registration Act. All major music labels in India are part of this association. Record companies like Saregama India Ltd. (HMV), Universal Music (India), Tips Industries Limited, Venus, Sony Music Entertainment (India), Crescendo, Virgin Records, Magnasound, Milestone, Times Music and several other prominent national and regional labels are part of the IMI. The IMI represents over 75% of all legal music sales in India.

IMI has its registered office in Kolkata and Administrative office in Mumbai. It also has offices in New Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and other major Indian cities working on the protection of rights of music producers and preventing music piracy. It has also been instrumental in launching the IMMIES music awards in collaboration with MTV.

The Indian music industry is largely dominated by Indian film soundtracks (particularly Bollywood music), which account for nearly 80% of the country's music revenue, followed by Indi-pop. The industry was dominated by cassette tapes in the 1980s and 1990s, before transitioning to online streaming in the 2000s (bypassing CD and digital downloads). As of 2017, the largest Indian music record labels are T-Series (which has the world's most-viewed channel on YouTube), Zee Music, and Sony Music India (the largest foreign-owned label).[1]

Criteria of certification levels

The Indian Music Industry has constituted different, prestigious awards to encourage and promote music. The approved scheme of gold/platinum disc standards effective for sound recordings of member companies released in one calendar year is as below:

  • Sales of all types of carriers, whether vinyl records, audio cassettes, compact discs, MP3 compact discs, music videos (i.e. excluding home videos) or any other existing or future type of carrier is considered on the basis of one unit.
  • If a sound recording contains a combination of two program, any program over half of its total duration can be weighted at 50%, of the sales of the sound recording of that program. Any program comprising less than half of the total duration of the sound recording will not be counted for the purpose of certification.
  • Sales in domestic markets only will be considered for the calculation of sales of sound recording.
  • The time-limit for achieving above sales in any category is one year from the release of the recording in India.
  • Applications should be accompanied by a copy certified by the member's chartered accountant stating the date of release & the number of units sold, along with a letter from the managing director or CEO.


Indian Music Industry does not maintain official music charts. Since 2010, newspaper The Times of India and radio channel Radio Mirchi, both owned by the Times Group, have maintained charts of various songs by category. For the album charts the industry considers the sales according to iTunes. For individual songs, there are various other charts such as provided by Saavn and Nokia MixRadio

Major Indian charts

Chart Name Type Number of songs/albums Category ref
"iTunes charts" Albums 100 International [2]
"Mirchi Top 20" songs 20 Bollywood [3]
"Angrezi Top 20" songs 20 International [4]
"Tamil Top 20" songs 20 Regional [5]
"Kannada Top 20" songs 20 Regional [6]
"Telugu Top 20" songs 20 Regional [7]
"Malayalam Top 20" songs 20 Regional [8]
"Bengali Top 20" songs 20 Regional [9]

Certification levels

India has most separate scales for music recording certification. Certifications are usually based on sales, like some other Asian countries. Like many other Asian countries, domestic repertoire accounted for more than 50% of Indian music market.

Current certification levels

Release type[10] Gold Platinum
Hindi films 200,000 400,000
Regional films 50,000 100,000
Regional basic 25,000 50,000
National basic 50,000 100,000
Classical/non-classical 15,000 30,000
Foreign repertoire 4,000 6,000

Previous certification levels

Like many other countries, sales requirements of music recording in India reduced due to music piracy and declining sales. For example, prior to 2000, the sales requirements for Hindi film category (the most dominant music genre) is 500,000 copies and a million copies, respectively, for gold and platinum awards. It was later lowered to 250,000 and 500,000 copies, respectively. Previously, recordings in the national basic category is required to sold 100,000 and 200,000 copies, in order to achieve Gold and Platinum awards.

Best-selling albums

Top ten

Rank Year Album Music director(s) Lyricist(s) Singer(s) Sales Source(s)
1 1983 Young Tarang Biddu Nazia and Zoheb, Sehba Akhtar, Amit Khanna Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan 40,000,000 [11][12]
2 1990 Aashiqui Nadeem-Shravan Sameer, Madan Pal, Rani Malik Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh 20,000,000 [13]
1995 Bolo Ta Ra Ra.. Jawahar Wattal Daler Mehndi Daler Mehndi 20,000,000 [14]
4 1995 Bombay A. R. Rahman Vairamuthu, Mehboob, Veturi Sundararama Murthy A. R. Rahman, Remo Fernandes, Suresh Peters, Swarnalatha, K. S. Chithra, Hariharan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Udit Narayan, Annupamaa 15,000,000 [15]
5 1981 Disco Deewane Biddu Nazia and Zoheb, Anwar Khalid, Faruk Kaiser Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan 14,000,000 [16]
6 1997 Dil Toh Pagal Hai Uttam Singh Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Hariharan 12,500,000 [17]
7 1994 Hum Aapke Hain Kaun Raamlaxman Ravinder Rawal, Dev Kohli Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, S. P. Balasubramanyam, Udit Narayan, Sharda Sinha, Shailendra Singh 12,000,000 [18]
8 1996 Raja Hindustani Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Suresh Wadkar, Sapna Awasthi, Alisha Chinai, Sapna Mukheree, Bela Salukhe 11,000,000 [17]
9 1989 Maine Pyar Kiya Raamlaxman Asad Bhopali, Dev Kohli S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Lata Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Shailendra Singh, Sharda Sinha 10,000,000 [19]
1991 Saajan Nadeem-Shravan Sameer SP Balasubramanyam, Alka Yagnik, Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Pankaj Udhas 10,000,000 [20]
1995 Bewafa Sanam Nikhil-Vinay Yogesh Kumar Sanu, Sonu Nigam, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh 10,000,000 [21]
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge Jatin-Lalit Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Abhijeet, Manpreet Kaur, Pamela Chopra 10,000,000 [22]
Rangeela A. R. Rahman Mehboob Asha Bhosle, Aditya Narayan, Hariharan, Swarnalatha, Udit Narayan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Shweta Shetty 10,000,000 [21]
1998 Mundian To Bach Ke Panjabi MC Labh Janjua Labh Janjua 10,000,000 [23]
1999 Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai Rajesh Roshan Sawan Kumar Tak, Ibraham Ashq, Vijay Akayla Lucky Ali, Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Babul Supriyo, Ramya 10,000,000 [24]

By decade


  1. ^ Hu, Cherie (September 23, 2017). "How India, The Global Music Industry's Sleeping Giant, Is Finally Waking Up". Forbes.
  2. ^ Top Music Albums Charts via iTunes Store India iTunes
  3. ^ Mirchi Top 20 The Times of India
  4. ^ Angrezi Top 10 The Times of India
  5. ^ Tamil Top 20 The Times of India
  6. ^ Kannada Top 20 The Times of India
  7. ^ Telugu Top 20 The Times of India
  8. ^ Malayalayam Top 20 The Times of India
  9. ^ Bengal Top 20 The Times of India
  10. ^ "THE INDIAN MUSIC INDUSTRY - Home Page". Indian Music Industry. Archived from the original on 2008-05-01. Retrieved .
  11. ^ a b "Young Tarang". Rediff. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ a b Sheikh, M. A. (2012). Who's Who: Music in Pakistan. Xlibris Corporation. p. 192. ISBN 9781469191591.[self-published source]
  13. ^ a b "India Today". India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 19: 70. 1994.
  14. ^ a b "Daler Mehndi". Retrieved .
  15. ^ "The "Mozart of Madras" AR Rahman is Performing LIVE in Australia". SBS. 14 February 2017.
  16. ^ "Disco Deewane, Nazia Hassan with Biddu and His Orchestra". La Pelanga. 19 September 2010.
  17. ^ a b c "Music Hits 1990-1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010.
  18. ^ Morcom, Anna (2017). Hindi Film Songs and the Cinema. Routledge. p. 198. ISBN 9781351563741.
  19. ^ "Audio tape producers ride crest of Bollywoods music boom, composers become stars". India Today. 30 November 1993.
  20. ^ "Bringing melody back, Nadeem-Shravan churn out hit after hit". India Today. 15 April 1992.
  21. ^ a b "Making Music Like Ne'er Before". Outlook. 13 March 1996.
  22. ^ "Outlook". Outlook. Hathway Investments Pvt Limited. 3: 78. 1997. It is also emboldened by its two monster soundtrack hits, Hum Aapke Hain Koun and Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge-- the two albums sold more than one crore tapes each.
  23. ^ Wartofsky, Alona (13 July 2003). "Rap's Fresh Heir". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  24. ^ "Film producers float their own music firms". The Times of India. 11 November 2011.
  25. ^ "Music Hits 1950-1959". Box Office India. 5 February 2010.
  26. ^ "Music Hits 1960-1969". Box Office India. 5 February 2010.
  27. ^ "Music Hits 1970-1979". Box Office India. 5 February 2010.
  28. ^ "Music Hits 2000-2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 5 February 2010.
  29. ^ "'Komaram Puli' audio creates latest record!". way2movies. 16 July 2010.

External links

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