Igboid Languages
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Igboid Languages
South central Nigeria, lower reaches of the Niger River and east, south the Benue
Linguistic classificationNiger-Congo

Igboid languages constitute a branch of the Volta-Niger language family. It includes Ekpeye, Ukwuani, and the Igbo languages:

Williamson and Blench conclude that the Igbo languages (Igboid apart from Ekpeye) form a "language cluster" and that they are somewhat mutually intelligible.[2] However, mutual intelligibility is only marginal, even among the Izii-Ikwo-Ezaa-Mgbo languages.[3]

Names and locations

Below is a list of language names, populations, and locations from Blench (2019).[4]

Language Cluster Dialects Alternate spellings Own name for language Endonym(s) Other names (location-based) Other names for language Exonym(s) Speakers Location(s)
?ka Agbor (standard form); southern and eastern varieties are more similar to Igbo Ì?á Agbor Delta State, Ika and Orhionmwon LGAs
Ikwere Northern dialects: Elele, Apan?, ?merelu, Ubima, Isiokpo, ?magwna (?muegwna), Ipo, ?mudioga, ?muanwa, Igwuruta, Egbedna, Al?u, ?baa; Southern dialects: Akp?-Mgbu-Tolu, ?bio, ?gbakiri, R?muji, Ndele, Em?hua Ikwerre Ìwhnuruò`hnà 54,600 (1950 F&J)[5]; possibly 200,000 (SIL) Rivers State, Ikwerre, Port Harcourt and Obio-Akpor LGAs
Izii-?zaa-Ikwo-Mgbo cluster Izii-?zaa-Ikwo-Mgbo 593,000 (1973 SIL)
Izi Izii-?zaa-Ikwo-Mgbo Ezzi, Izzi 84,000 (1950 F&J); 200,000 (1973 SIL) Anambra State, Abakaliki and Ishielu LGAs; Benue State, Okpokwu LGA
?zaa Izii-?zaa-Ikwo-Mgbo Eza 93,800 (1950 F&J); 180,000 (1973 SIL) Anambra State, Ezza and Ishielu LGAs; Abia State, Ohaozara LGA; Benue State, Okpokwu LGA
Ikwo Izii-?zaa-Ikwo-Mgbo 38,500 (1950 F&J); 150,000 (1973 SIL) Anambra State, Ikwo and Abakaliki LGAs
Mgbo Izii-?zaa-Ikwo-Mgbo Ngbo 19,600 (1950 F&J); 63,000 (1973 SIL) Anambra State, Ishielu LGA
Ogbah Egnih (East Ogbah), South Ogbah, West Ogbah Ogba 22,750 (1950 F&J) Rivers State, Ahoada LGA
?kp?y? According to clan names: Ako, Upata, Ubye, Igbuduya Ekpeye, Ekpabya (by Abua), Ekkpahia, Ekpaffia 20,000 (1953); 50,000 (1969 Clark)[6] Rivers State, Ahoada LGA
?kwuan?-Aboh-Nd?n? cluster ?kwuan?-Aboh-Nd?n? 150,000 (SIL) Delta State, Ndokwa LGA; Rivers State, Ahoada LGA
?kwuan? ?kwuan?-Aboh-Nd?n? Utaaba, Emu, Abbi, Obiaruku Ukwani, Ukwali, Kwale Delta State, Ndokwa LGA
Aboh ?kwuan?-Aboh-Nd?n? Eboh Delta State, Ndokwa LGA
Nd?n? ?kwuan?-Aboh-Nd?n? Rivers State, Ahoada LGA

See also


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Igboid". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Williamson, Kay; Roger M. Blench (2000). African languages: an introduction. Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Blench, Roger (2019). An Atlas of Nigerian Languages (4th ed.). Cambridge: Kay Williamson Educational Foundation.
  5. ^ Forde, C.D. and G.I. Jones 1950. The Ibo and Ibibio speaking peoples of Southern Nigeria. Ethnographic Survey of Africa. Western Africa part III. International African Institute, London.
  6. ^ Clark, David J. 1969. A grammatical study of Ekpeye. University of London doctoral dissertation.

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