Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
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Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Hugh IV of Burgundy (9 March 1213 - 27 or 30 October 1272) was Duke of Burgundy between 1218 and 1272. Hugh was the son of Odo III, Duke of Burgundy and Alice de Vergy.
Hugh married twice, first to Yolande de Dreux when he was 16 and she 17 years of age. He then married Beatrice of Navarre, when he was 45. Between his two marriages he had 10 children, the following are their issues:
- From Yolande de Dreux, daughter of Count Robert III "Gasteblé" of Dreux and of Braine:
- Margaret, Lady of Molinot (1230s-1277), married;
- Odo (1230-1266), who married Matilda II, Countess of Nevers
- John (1231-1268), married Agnes of Dampierre and had Beatrice, heiress of Bourbon (through Agnes)
- Adelaide of Burgundy, Duchess of Brabant, married Henry III, Duke of Brabant
- Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (1248-1306)
- From Beatrice of Champagne, daughter of Theobald I of Navarre:
Hugh IV, through a transaction with John l'Antique de Chalon, gave up the barony of Salon for the counties of Chalon and Auxonne in 1237, which expanded the Duchy and the regional economy benefited from the growing wine trade.
In 1239, Hugh joined the Barons' Crusade led by King Theobald I of Navarre and supported by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. The Burgundian troops allied with Richard of Cornwall and rebuilt Ascalon and negotiated a peace with Egypt in 1241. Hugh was made titular king of Thessalonica in 1266, although it had been recaptured by the Epirus more than 40 years ago.
Hugh IV died on 27 October 1272 (Aged 60) at Villaines-en-Duismois, France. His burial place is unknown.
- ^ Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571: The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, (The American Philosophical Society, 1976), 492.
- ^ a b Michael Lower, The Barons' Crusade: A Call to Arms and Its Consequences, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), 97.
- ^ Theodore Evergates, Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 80.
- ^ a b Du Chesne, A. (1628) Histoire géneálogique des ducs de Bourgogne de la maison de France (Paris), Preuves, p. 79-80.
- ^ a b Philippe Le Bel et la Noblesse Franc-Comtoise, Frantz Funck-Brentano, Bibliothèque de l'École des chartes, Vol. 49 (1888), 9.
- ^ The kingdom of Burgundy, the lands of the house of Savoy and adjacent territories, Eugene Cox, The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 5, C.1198-c.1300, ed. Rosamond McKitterick, David Abulafia, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 362.
- ^ Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: The History of a Dynasty, (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2007), 210.
- ^ Jean Richard, The Crusades, C.1071-c.1291, (Cambridge University Press, 1999) 325-327.
- ^ The Morea:1311-1364, Peter Topping, A History of the Crusades: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, Vol. III, ed. Harry W. Hazard, (University of Wisconsin Press, 1975), 109.