Hualien City
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Hualien City

Hualien City
Hualien City
Hualien City
Huashi ()
Hualien City
Hualien City
Hualien is located in Taiwan
Location in Taiwan
Coordinates: 23°58?20?N 121°36?23?E / 23.97222°N 121.60639°E / 23.97222; 121.60639Coordinates: 23°58?20?N 121°36?23?E / 23.97222°N 121.60639°E / 23.97222; 121.60639
CountyHualien County
 o TypeCounty-controlled city
 o MayorWei Chia-hsien (KMT)[1]
 o Total29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
(December 2014)
 o Total106,368
 o Density3,600/km2 (9,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Post code
Subdivision45 Boroughs[2]
Hualien City
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?

Hualien City (Mandarin P?ny?n: Hu?lián Shì; Wade-Giles: Hua¹-lien² Shih?; Hokkien POJ: Hoa-lian-chh? or Hoa-liân-chh?) is a county-administered city and the county seat of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the east coast of Taiwan on the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 106,368 inhabitants.[3]


Hualien County annals (?) record that the city was called "Kiray" (Chinese: ; Pe?h-?e-j?: Kî-lâi) until the early twentieth century. This name refers to the Sakiraya Taiwanese aborigines and their settlement.[4]

After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change the name because "Kiray" is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (, kirai). The name was eventually changed to Karen Harbour (Japanese: , Hepburn: Karenk?). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang-led Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling but shortened the name to just Karen (), or Hualien via Chinese romanization.


The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong () from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an () from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan.[]

Settlements in the area remained small by the start of Japanese rule. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua () and Guoan () Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (?). In 1920, Karenk? Town (?) was established, and around 1923 it was extended to Riran Port (), today known as "New Port" (),[5] including the Guowei and Guoji Villages. In 1940, the town was upgraded to Karenk? City, Karenk? Prefecture.

On 25 October 1945, Taiwan was handed over from Japan to the Republic of China under Kuomintang government. In January 1946, the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien City a county-controlled city of Hualien County and to be the county seat, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).


Hualien experiences a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with frequent cyclones so not equatorial. It closely borders on a humid subtropical climate. The city experiences significant rainfall year round and the temperature there averages 23.4 °C (74.1 °F). Precipitation in the city averages 2,177 mm (85.7 in). January is the city's driest month, while September tends to be the wettest.


Hualien City Hall
Hualien County Council

The 45 villages (?) of the city are divided into six village unions (): (in Hanyu Pinyin)

  1. The first union: Minyun (), Minle (), Minxiang (), Minyi (), Minxin (), Minli (), Minde (), Minzheng (), Minqin (), Minxiao ()
  2. The second union: Minsheng (), Minquan (), Minzu (), Minyou (), Minzhu (), Minzhi ()
  3. The third union: Zhuji (), Zhuyi (), Zhuxin (), Zhuqin (), Zhushang (), Zhugong ()
  4. The fourth union: Zhuxue (), Zhuquan (), Zhunong (), Zhuhe (), Zhuli (), Zhu'an (), Zhumu ()
  5. The fifth union: Guofeng (), Guofang (), Guozhi (), Guoguang (), Guohun (), Guo'an (), Guowei (), Guohua (), Guolian (), Guosheng ()
  6. The sixth union: Guofu (), Guoyu (), Guoqing (), Guoqiang (), Guofu (), Guoxing ()

The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.

Government institutions


Hualien City has 9,000 aboriginal people, making it the city with the largest aboriginal population in Taiwan. The majority of the aborigines that reside in Hualien include the Amis, Atayal, Truku and Bunun.[6] Hualien City is also the most densely populated area in Hualien county.[3]


There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools.


High schools


Hualien City is the center of politics, economy and transportation of Hualien County. Hualien City is the center of import and export trading due to its strategic location within the county and its proximity to airport and major harbor. It also has rich tourism industries, ranging from tourist objects, accommodations etc. One of its ingenious industry is the local stone art cultural industry.

Medical care

Dolphin watching off Hualien City
Jing Si Hall of the Tzu Chi Foundation

Tourist attractions



Hualien City is served by Hualien Airport located at the neighboring Xincheng Township of Hualien County. The airport is about 10 minutes drive to the city.



The Port of Hualien is an international port in the city with liners sailing to Japan, Middle East, South East Asia and South Korea.


Notable natives


Sister cities

See also


  1. ^ "KMT's Wei wins Hualien by-election - Taipei Times".
  2. ^ "Archived copy" --. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy" --. Archived from the original on 2013-11-14. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ _?. TAIWAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CULTURE PARK (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ - . TravelKing. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Stanis?aw Ka?u?y?ski, ed. (1996). Przegl?d Orientalistyczny. Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Oreintalistyczne. 177-184: 202. ISSN 0033-2283. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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