Hsinchu County
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Hsinchu County

Hsinchu County

Hsinchu County Montage.png
Flag of Hsinchu County
Flag
Coat of arms of Hsinchu County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Hsinchu County.svg
Coordinates: 24°50?0?N 121°0?53?E / 24.83333°N 121.01472°E / 24.83333; 121.01472Coordinates: 24°50?0?N 121°0?53?E / 24.83333°N 121.01472°E / 24.83333; 121.01472
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
SeatZhubei City
Townships/cities
Government
 o Body
 o MagistrateYang Wen-ke (KMT)
Area
 o Total1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi)
Area rank12 of 22
Population
(October 2019)
 o Total563,104
 o Rank10 of 22
 o Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
ISO 3166 codeTW-HSQ
Websitewww.hsinchu.gov.tw
Symbols
BirdMuller's barbet (Megalaima oorti)
FlowerCamellia
TreeBroad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)
Hsinchu County
Traditional Chinese?

Hsinchu County,[I]Wade-Giles: Hsin¹-chu², is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the county capital, where the government office and county office is located. A portion of the Hsinchu Science Park is located in Hsinchu County.

History

Early history

Before the arrival of the Han Chinese, the Hsinchu area was home to the indigenous Taokas, Saisiyat, and Atayal. After the Spanish occupied northern Taiwan, Catholic missionaries arrived at Tek-kham in 1626. Minnanese (Hoklo) and Hakka came and began to cultivate the land from the plains near the sea towards the river valleys and hills.

Qing dynasty

In 1684, Zhuluo County was established during Qing dynasty rule and more Han settled near Tek-kham. A Chinese city was established there in 1711 and renamed Hsinchu in 1875.[1] It became part of Taipeh Prefecture. In the late 19th century, Hoklo people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisiyat and Atayal tribes to move to areas around Jianshi and Wufeng, while the Hakka and Taokas settled together in the river valleys and hills area.

Japanese rule

Japanese occupation of Taiwan began after the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895. Hsinchu became known as Shinchiku and, by 1920, its prefecture covered the areas of modern-day Hsinchu County and City, Miaoli, and Taoyuan.

Republic of China

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Hsinchu County was established on 25 December 1945.[2]

The county's Xiangshan Township was incorporated into Hsinchu City on 1 July 1982.

Geography

Hsinchu County is located at the northwest part of Taiwan Island. It borders Taoyuan City to the north, Miaoli County to the south, the Taiwan Strait to the west, and Xueshan and Dabajian Mountain to the east. With an area spanning up to 1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi), Hsinchu County area composed mainly of uplands, tablelands and mountains, except for the alluvial plains of the Fengshan River and Touqian River mouth area and some ancient river land.[2]

Climate

Average Temperature of Hsinchu

The average climate in Hsinchu County is mild.[3]

Administration

Administrative Divisions of Hsinchu County
Yang Wen-ke, the incumbent Magistrate of Hsinchu County

Hsinchu County controls 1 city, 3 urban townships, 6 rural townships and 2 mountain indigenous townships.[4][5][6]Zhubei City is the seat of Hsinchu County which houses the Hsinchu County Government and Hsinchu County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Hsinchu County is Yang Wen-ke of the Kuomintang. The administrative division of the county are:

Type Name Chinese Hokkien Hakka Formosan
City Zhubei City ? Tek-pak Tsuk-pet
Urban
townships

(towns)
Guanxi ? Koan-se Kûan-sî Atayal
Xinpu ? Sin-po? Sîn-phû
Zhudong ? Tek-tang Tsuk-tûng
Rural
townships
Baoshan ? Pó-san Pó-sân
Beipu ? Pak-po? Pet-phû
Emei ? Gô-bî Ngô-mì
Hengshan ? Hoâi?-san Vàng-sân
Hukou ? Ô?-kháu Fù-khiéu
Qionglin ? Khiông-nâ Khiûng-lìm
Xinfeng ? Sin-hong Sîn-fûng
Mountain
indigenous
townships
Jianshi ? Chiam-chio?h Tsiâm-sa?k Atayal
Wufeng ? Ngó?-hong ?g-fûng Atayal, Saisiyat

Colors indicate the common language status of Hakka and Formosan languages within each division.

Demographics

The population of the county consists of Hakka, Hoklo, aborigines and new immigrants. The Hakka people constituted around 84% of the total population in 2014, while the aborigines consisted mainly of Atayal and Saisiyat people.[7] As of January 2017, the total population was 547,794, with 267,599 females and 280,195 males in 187,644 households.[8]

Economy

High tech industry

After the founding of Hsinchu Science Park in 1980, a high number of high-tech industries began to grow and expand outside the park, attracting workers coming to work and settle in the county.

Education

Education in Hsinchu County is administered by the Education Department of Hsinchu County Government. The county is home to the Minghsin University of Science and Technology and Ta Hwa University of Science and Technology.

Energy

Power generations

Hsinchu County is home to the gas-fired Hsintao Power Plant with a capacity of 600 MW located in Guanxi Township.

Water supply

Hsinchu County houses the Baoshan Dam, supplying cooling water for factories in the Hsinchu Science Park and neighboring Hsinchu City. The dam can contain water up to 5,470,000 m3 with a catchment area of 3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi).

Tourist attractions

Transportation

Rail

The Hsinchu Station of the Taiwan High Speed Rail is located in the county at Zhubei City. Hsinchu County is crossed by three Taiwan Railways Administration lines, which are the Liujia Line, Neiwan Line and Western Line.

Notable people

International relations

Sister cities

Notes

Words in native languages

  1. ^ a b

References

  1. ^ Wang, Erika (25 October 2007), "Hsinchu Owns Rich History, Culture, and Natural Resources", China Post, Taipei: China Post, archived from the original on 30 October 2013, retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Hsinchu County Government Hsinchu County Government". Hsinchu County Government. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ ? (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
  5. ^ "Towns & Township". hsinchu.gov.tw. Hsinchu County Government. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 2019. Hsinchu County's administrative area is divided into 1 county-administered city, 3 towns and 9 townships, namely: Zhubei City, Zhudong Town, Xinpu Town, Guanxi Town, Xinfeng Township, Emei Township, Baoshan Township, Wufeng Township, Hengshan Township, Beipu Township, Jianshi Township, Qionglin Township and Hukou Township.
  6. ^ "Towns & Townships". hsinchu.gov.tw. Hsinchu County Gov't. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Population". hsinchu.gov.tw. Hsinchu County Government. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ 106?1? [Table of Hsinchu County Population Statistics, January 2017]. hsinchu.gov.tw (in Chinese). Hsinchu County Government. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 2017.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Hsinchu_County
 



 



 
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