Chickasaw County Courthouse in Houston
Location of Houston, Mississippi
|o Total||7.39 sq mi (19.15 km2)|
|o Land||7.38 sq mi (19.11 km2)|
|o Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||354 ft (108 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||3,524|
|o Density||490/sq mi (190/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0693543|
Native american groups had long used the future Chickasaw County for millenia before the coming of European adventurers. Eventually the natives were essentially forced out of the area. An 1832 treaty finally made the area secure for settlement, and emigrants rapidly moved in. The formation of Chickasaw County was authorized on 9 February 1836, and a few days later a committee was authorized to determine the location of the county seat. Judge Joel Pinson offered to donate land for development of this seat, and on 8 July 1836 his offer was accepted. Judge Pinson named the settlement 'Houston' in memory of Sam Houston, a childhood friend.
Construction began that year on a brick courthouse on the village square, and a jail one block north. The city of Houston was incorporated on 9 May 1837, and its first Post Office was authorized on 5 December of that same year.
In the northeast end of Chickasaw County, a settlement named Rose Hill was established in 1845. When it applied for state recognition, it was discovered that another Mississippi settlement had that name and already had an operating post office, so the Chickasaw settlement changed its name to Okolona. That settlement also flourished in the next 2 decades.
The Civil War brought widespread ruin and loss to the county, including an incident when Union troops burned nearly all the county's records as workers tried to move them out for safekeeping). During the following decade, the nearly-moribund economy slowly recovered, but poor roads across the area continued to hamper commerce and daily life. To address this shortcoming, in 1866 the state authorized a second judicial district to be based in Okolona, while allowing the existing facilities in Houston to continue. Thus the county became one of the few in the nation to host two bases for its court system.
In 1909, Houston became home to the first Carnegie library in the state after. School Superintendent L.B. Reid contacted philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who had created a matching program for libraries, telling of the need for a public library, and his request was approved.
Houston hosts the Mississippi Flywheel Festival in April and September of every year.
Houston is located west of the center of Chickasaw County. Mississippi Highway 8 passes through the city, leading east 29 miles (47 km) to Aberdeen and west 18 miles (29 km) to Calhoun City. Mississippi Highway 15 bypasses the city to the west, crossing Highway 8 within a western extension of the city limits. Highway 15 leads north 26 miles (42 km) to Pontotoc and south 27 miles (43 km) to Mathiston. The Natchez Trace Parkway passes about 3 miles (5 km) east of the city center; the Trace followed an ancient Native American trail.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.39 square miles (19.15 km2), of which 7.38 square miles (19.11 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.25%, is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Houston has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,079 people, 1,589 households, and 1,088 families residing in the city. The population density was 537.4 people per square mile (207.5/km²). There were 1,721 housing units at an average density of 226.8 per square mile (87.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.89% White, 36.58% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.12% of the population.
There were 1,589 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,709, and the median income for a family was $31,979. Males had a median income of $27,214 versus $22,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,482. About 22.6% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 28.0% of those age 65 or over.
Houston Public Schools system is home to 11-time National Dell-Winston Solar Car Challenge Championships.
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Houston was once served by both the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad and Okolona, Houston & Calhoun City Railway. In the early 21st century, both of these rail lines were abandoned. Sections of the former have been converted to a recreational trail.