House of Representatives
|9th National Assembly|
Lower Chambersof the National Assembly of Nigeria
The House of Representatives has 360 members who are elected in single-member constituencies using the plurality (or first-past-the-post) system. Members serve four-year terms. The Speaker of the Nigerian House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the house.
The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, assumes a National Assembly for the federation which consist of a senate and a House of Representatives. The senate consist of three (3) senate members from each Nigerian state and one senate member from the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. There must be three hundred and sixty (360) members in total, representing constituencies for the Federal House of Representatives.
A group of 37 House members of Nigeria's ruling party, the All Progressives Congress defected to opposition parties in 2018 underscoring rising political tensions due to the upcoming election in 2019. 33 members defected to the major opposition party, People's Democratic Party, while four defected to African Democratic Congress (ADC).
Party leaders and whips are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot. With the APC holding a majority of seats and the PDP holding a minority, the current leaders in the 8th National Assembly are: Majority Leader Femi Gbajabiamila, Chief Whip Ado Garba Alhassan, Minority Leader Ogor Okuweh, and Minority Whip Umar Barde Yakubu.