Hot Latin Songs (formerly Hot Latin Tracks and Hot Latin 50) is a record chart in the United States for Latin singles, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Since October 2012, chart rankings are based on digital sales, radio airplay, and online streaming. It is often recognized as the most important music chart for Spanish language Latin music in the American music market.
The chart was established by the magazine on September 6, 1986 and was originally based on airplay on Latin music radio stations. Songs on the chart were not necessarily in Spanish language, since the chart inception a few songs in English and Portuguese language also have charted.
The first number one song of the Hot Latin Songs chart was "La Guirnalda" by Rocío Dúrcal on September 6, 1986. As of the issue for the week ending on June 23, 2018, the chart has had 427 different number one hits, while 160 artists have had reached number one (as a lead or a featured act). The current number one song is "Te Boté" by Casper Mágico, Nio García, Darell, Nicky Jam, Ozuna, and Bad Bunny.
On September 6, 1986, Billboard premiered a Latin music singles chart: the Hot Latin 50. During the 1980s decade, the data were compiled by the Billboard chart and research department with information from 70 Spanish-language radio stations in the United States and Puerto Rico. Those radio stations were selected based on their number of listeners, and were asked to report their playlists for the week. This data was compiled by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, which electronically monitors radio stations in more than 120 music markets across the United States. Before this chart's inception, the Latin music information on the magazine was presented only in the form of the biweekly album sales chart Top Latin Albums, which continues to be listed separately. There were no language restrictions on the chart, since a few songs in English and Portuguese have charted and even reached number one on five occasions.
According to the Billboard electronic database, the first number one song on the Hot Latin 50 was "La Guirnalda" by Spanish singer Rocío Dúrcal on September 6, 1986. However, in the listings included in the first printed publication of the chart on October 4, 1986, the first number-one song was "Yo No Sé Qué Me Pasó" by Mexican singer-songwriter Juan Gabriel.
In 1994, three charts were introduced in addition to Hot Latin Songs: Latin Pop Airplay, which deals with pop songs whether or not it is Spanish-language; Regional Mexican Airplay, which dealt with different styles of Mexican genres; and Tropical Airplay, which focuses on the genres of tropical music. In 2005, the Latin Rhythm Airplay chart was introduced in response to the growing influence of Latin hip hop and reggaeton.
Due to the increasing popularity of downloads sales and streaming data, Billboard updated the methodology for the Hot Latin Songs chart on October 11, 2012 to include digital sales and streaming activity in addition to airplay, as well as making only predominantly Spanish-language songs elegible for inclusion and increasing airplay data to more than 1,200 radio stations across the United States.
There are several component charts that contribute to the overall calculation of Hot Latin Songs. The most significant ones are:
The tracking week for sales and streaming begins on Friday and ends on Thursday, while the radio play tracking-week runs from Monday to Sunday. A new chart is compiled and officially released to the public by Billboard on Tuesday. Each chart is post-dated with the "week-ending" issue date four days after the charts are refreshed online (i.e., the following Saturday). For example:
The methods and policies by which this data is obtained and compiled have changed many times throughout the chart's history.
Since October 11, 2012, the Billboard Hot Latin Songs tracks paid digital downloads and streaming activity.Billboard initially started tracking downloads since January 10, 2010 with the Latin Digital Songs chart. However, these downloads did not count towards Hot Latin Songs. A component Latin Streaming Songs chart was introduced on April 20, 2013, which ranks web radio streams from services such as Spotify, as well as on-demand audio titles.
Billboard, in an effort to allow the chart to remain as current as possible and to give proper representation to new and developing artists and tracks, has removed titles that have reached certain criteria regarding its current rank and number of weeks on the chart. A song is permanently moved to "recurrent status" if it has spent 20 weeks on Hot Latin Songs and fallen below position number 25. Additionally, descending songs are removed from the chart if ranking below number five after 52 weeks.
In 2016, for the 30th anniversary of Hot Latin Songs, Billboard magazine compiled a ranking of the 50 best-performing songs on the chart over the 30 years, along with the best-performing artists.Billboard has stated that "due to changes in chart methodology over the years, eras are weighted differently to account for chart turnover rates over various periods." Shown below are the top 10 songs over the 30-year period of the Hot Latin Songs chart, through October 2016.
|Rank||Single||Artist(s)||Year released||Peak and duration||Ref.|
|1.||"Propuesta Indecente"||Romeo Santos||2013||#1 for 4 weeks|||
|2.||"A Puro Dolor"||Son by Four||2000||#1 for 20 weeks|
|3.||"Si Tú Supieras"||Alejandro Fernández||1997||#1 for 6 weeks|
|4.||"La Tortura"||Shakira featuring Alejandro Sanz||2005||#1 for 25 weeks|
|5.||"Te Quiero"||Flex||2007||#1 for 20 weeks|
|6.||"No Me Doy por Vencido"||Luis Fonsi||2008||#1 for 19 weeks|
|7.||"El Perdón"||Nicky Jam and Enrique Iglesias||2015||#1 for 30 weeks|
|8.||"Bailando"||Enrique Iglesias featuring Descemer Bueno and Gente de Zona||2014||#1 for 41 weeks|
|9.||"Me Enamora"||Juanes||2007||#1 for 20 weeks|
|10.||"Abrázame Muy Fuerte"||Juan Gabriel||2000||#1 for 9 weeks|
Songs with most weeks at number one
Songs with most total weeks on Hot Latin Songs
Artists with most number-one singles
Artists with most top 10 singles
Artists with most Hot Latin Songs entries