Hospodine pomiluj ny (English: Lord, Have Mercy on Us) is the oldest known Czech song. The hymn is a paraphrase of the Kyrie Eleison with deep choral melody. Its text preserves traces of Church Slavonic origin.
Author of the song, dating from the turn of 10/11th century, is unknown. The text has simple form with 8 verses, without rhyme or stanzas. Its definitive version comes from time when Old Church Slavonic competed with Latin and absorbed Czech components. Saint Adalbert is sometimes ascribed as the author; while it may possible it is not confirmed.
First mention of the choral comes from 1055 when it was sung during election of duke Spytihn?v II of Bohemia. The oldest recording appears in chronicle of Jan from Hole?ov from 1397. It was also sung during celebrations and as a war song. Charles IV used it during his coronation, Jan Hus during sermons given in Bethlehem Chapel in Prague. Together with Saint Wenceslas Chorale it is one of the first Czech national anthems. The song, almost unmodified, is still used during liturgy.
Hospodine pomiluj ny Hospodine, pomiluj ny, Jezu Kriste, pomiluj ny, ty Spase v?eho míra, spasi? ny, i usly?i?, Hospodine, hlasy ná; daj nám v?ém, Hospodine, ?iz? a mír v zemi; ?iz? a mír v zemi. Krle?, Krle?, Krle?!
O Domine, miserere O Domine, miserere, Iesu Christe, miserere, Salus es totius mundi, salva nos et percipe, o Domine, voces nostras; da cunctis, o Domine, panem, pacem terrae; panem, pacem terrae. Kyrie eleison!
(translated by M. B. Boleluczky)
Lord! have mercy upon us. Lord! have mercy upon us. Jesus Christ! have mercy upon us. Thou, Saviour of the whole world, Save us, and listen, Lord! to our voices. Give us all, O Lord, Plenteousness and peace on earth. Kyrie Eleison!
(translated by John Bowring)