Histri
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Histri

Histri (Greek: ) were an ancient tribe, which Strabo refers to as living in Istria, to which they gave the name.

The Histri lived within the area of Pore? around 6,000 years ago while Picugi - the Histri observatory, settlement, and ritual site - existed 4,000 years ago.[1] The tribe is classified in some sources as a "Venetic" tribe, with some ties with Illyrians.[2] It was also described as Thracians by others.[3] Since they inhabited the Istrian peninsula, these people had more intensive trade and cultural contacts with the Mediterranean world, particularly central and southern Italy.[4]

The Romans described the Histri as a fierce tribe of pirates, protected by the difficult navigation of their rocky coasts. An account stated that this tribe was first in the northern Adriatic area to be threatened by the Roman imperialism and to start a war.[5] It took two military campaigns for the Romans to finally subdue them in 177 BCE.[5] The region was then called, together with the Venetian part, the X. Roman region of "Venetia et Histria", the ancient definition of the northeastern border of Italy. Dante Alighieri refers to it as well; the eastern border of Italy per ancient definition is the river Arsia.

See also

References

  1. ^ Evans, Thammy; Abraham, Rudolf (2013). Istria: Croatian Peninsula, Rijeka, Slovenian Adriatic. Guilford, CT: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 83. ISBN 9781841624457.
  2. ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 183, "... We may begin with the Venetic peoples, Veneti, Carni, Histri and Liburni, whose language set them apart from the rest of the Illyrians...."
  3. ^ Katicic, Radoslav (1976). Ancient Languages of the Balkans. The Hague: Mouton & Co. N.V., Publishers. p. 130. ISBN 9783111568874.
  4. ^ Dzino, Danijel (2010). Illyricum in Roman Politics, 229 BC-AD 68. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 42. ISBN 9780521194198.
  5. ^ a b Luthar, Oto (2008). The Land Between: A History of Slovenia. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. p. 40. ISBN 9783631570111.



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