|Died||4 August 1946 (aged 67-68)|
|Children||Sachchidananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya'|
Hiranand Sastri (1878-1946) was an Indian archaeologist, epigraphist and official of the Archaeological Survey of India who was involved in the excavation of numerous sites including Nalanda,: and Sankissa. His son, Sachchidananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya', was the Hindi language poet and writer.
Sastri was born in 1878 in Punjab. He graduated from D.A.V. College, Lahore, winning Gold Medal for standing first in the BA examination in Sanskrit and English subjects. He obtained a MA from Oriental College, Lahore (under Punjab University),[when?] and again won Gold Medal.
Sastri started his career as a professor of Sanskrit and Philosophy at D.A.V. College, and later, he became reader in Sanskrit at the Punjab University, teaching Sanskrit and Comparative Philology. He passed the Honours Examination in Sanskrit and received the Master of Oriental Learning (MOL).
He joined the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1903 and was appointed as an assistant archaeologist surveyor in the Northern Circle. Soon after, he was deputed by John Marshall, the then director general of ASI, to survey some archaeological sites in the Ganga-Yamuna doab, where he found some copper hoard objects. He explored and surveyed sites in Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh including Rajpur Parasu, Bithoor, Parihar, Kullu, Mandi and Suket.
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