Hilda Ingold
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Hilda Ingold
Edith Hilda Ingold
Edith Hilda Usherwood

(1898-07-21)21 July 1898
Alma materImperial College London
Christopher Kelk Ingold
Scientific career
InstitutionsImperial College London
Doctoral advisorMartha Whiteley

Edith Hilda, Lady Ingold (21 May 1898 - 1988) was a British chemist based in Leeds and London. As the wife of Christopher Kelk Ingold her career was somewhat overshadowed by his work and she failed to gain much public recognition, despite being an innovative chemist and partner to her husband in his work on inorganic chemistry.[1][2] She was known as Lady Ingold following her husband's knighthood.

Early life

Hilda Ingold was born into a working-class family in Catford (south-east London).[3]


Ingold attended a girls' grammar school in Lewisham, and then had two years of private education in Horsham. She then moved to the North London Collegiate School after being awarded a Clothworker's Scholarship.

As an undergraduate at Royal Holloway College Ingold attained a BSc Hons in Chemistry (1916-1920) before completing her doctorate in 1923 at Imperial College London. As the doctoral degree was only introduced to British Universities in 1917[4] she was one of the earliest students to qualify. Her PhD project was on tautomers, isomers of molecules which differ only in the position of a labile hydrogen atom. Her doctoral supervisor was Martha Whiteley[5]

Her subsidiary subject was physics and this led to her research in physical organic chemistry and quantum mechanics.[3]

Following completion of her PhD she went on to complete a DSc.

She was also the president of the UCL Chemical and Physical society during the 1976-1977 academic year, one of the oldest and most prestigious societies at the university.

Personal life

She married fellow Chemistry student Christopher Kelk Ingold in 1923 and went on to have three children. They had two daughters and a son, the chemist Keith Ingold.[6]


  1. ^ William Hodson Brock (2011). The Case of the Poisonous Socks: Tales from Chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry. pp. 218-. ISBN 978-1-84973-324-3.
  2. ^ Jed Z. Buchwald; Andrew Warwick (2004). Histories of the Electron: The Birth of Microphysics. MIT Press. pp. 347-353. ISBN 978-0-262-52424-7.
  3. ^ a b Anne Barrett (24 February 2017). Women at Imperial College: Past, Present and Future. World Scientific. pp. 89-. ISBN 978-1-78634-264-5.
  4. ^ "100 Years of the PhD in the UK" (PDF). Vitae.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ Henry, Rzepa (2011-11-13). "The dawn of organic reaction mechanism: the prequel". Henry Rzepa. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Nye, Mary Jo (1994). From Chemical Philosophy to Theoretical Chemistry. University of California Press. pp. 197-198. ISBN 978-0-520-08210-6.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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