Jojo Hiroshige in 2007
|Hijyokaidan, Hijo Kaidan Fushoku no Marie, Corroded Marie, the King of Noise|
|Genres||Noise, free improvisation , Harsh Noise|
|Incapacitants, C.C.C.C., The Stalin, Rasenkaidan, Ultra Bide|
Katsuhiro Nakajima (a.k.a. Zuke)
Masako Shigesugi (a.k.a. Mako)
Hiroko Onishi (a.k.a. Semimaru)
Tomoko Kaiho (a.k.a. Woo)
Mamoru Taniguchi (a.k.a. Taniyan)
Hij?kaidan (?, emergency staircase) is a Japanese noise and free improvisation group with a revolving lineup that has ranged from two members to as many as fourteen in its early days. The group is the project of guitarist Jojo Hiroshige (JOJO), its one constant member, who is head and owner of the Osaka-based Alchemy Records. Other regulars include Jojo's wife Junko and Toshiji Mikawa (also of Incapacitants).
The group began at the very end of the 1970s as a performance art-based group whose anarchic shows would often involve destruction of venues and audio equipment, food and garbage being thrown around, and on-stage urination. As the group's lineup changed over time, their focus became less performance-based and more musically based, fine-tuning their sound into a dense wall of noise.
Hij?kaidan originally began in 1979 in Kyoto as a side project of Rasenkaidan members Jojo Hiroshige (JOJO) and Naoki Zushi (). They played an improvised session at a studio with fellow Rasenkaidan member Ken'ichi Takayama (?) (a.k.a. Idiot) in attendance. Afterwords, Takayama said "This is not Rasenkaidan (?, spiral staircase), it is more like Hij?kaidan (?, emergency staircase)."
This Hij?kaidan played live twice and recorded a few studio sessions. Recordings of this line-up were later released as Original Hij?kaidan or Pre-Hij?kaidan. At the end of the year, Zushi left, and Jojo decided to quit all of his musical projects (Hij?kaidan, Rasenkaidan, and Ultra Bidet). Idiot and Zushi briefly continued Rasenkaidan, and Idiot later formed Idiot O'Clock.
In the spring of 1980, Jojo formed a new group called Corroded Marie ( to play songs in the style of Fushogu no Marie)Hawkwind. Initial members were Jojo, Toshiyuki Oka () (a.k.a. Oka), Katsuhiro Nakajima (a.k.a. Zuke), Masako Shigesugi (a.k.a. Mako), Akira Ichiguchi () (a.k.a. Ichie), and Toshiji Mikawa (?). Zushi declined to take part. The practice sessions devolved into improvised noise, and Jojo considered disbanding the group, but was convinced otherwise by Oka, Zuke, and Ichiguchi.
In June 1980, Corroded Marie was invited to play ACB Hall in Shinjuku, Tokyo at the event Heavenly Injection Night (, sponsored by the magazine Heaven and arranged by T?ri Kud? Tengoku Ch?sa no Yoru)(?). By mistake, they were billed as Hij?kaidan, Jojo decided to keep the name. After the show Mako left. Disappointed that they didn't play songs or like Hawkwind, Jojo again thought about disbanding the group. He listened to a cassette of the performance repeatedly, and began to consider the possibility of releasing it. In August he met Naoto Hayashi (), who had started an independent label called Unbalance Records, and made a deal to release the show. He contacted Zuke and Oka about releasing the show and asked if they wanted to continue the group. Jojo discovered that they were thinking about continuing as a new group without him.
On November 3, the regrouped Hij?kaidan played at S?z?d?j? in Osaka. The show started with a cover of "It's a Rainy Day, Sunshine Girl" by Faust, before turning into free-form noise. This show is also the beginning of the performance art aspect of Hij?kaidan's live show, with Zuke throwing around takoyaki.
The ACB show was released as one side of a split LP called Sh?matsu-Shorij? (, sewage treatment plant) in December 1980 by Unbalance, the other side had tracks by NG and Jurajium. The track was called "" in honor of their original name.