Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-0014
|Glossary of Shinto|
The Hie Shrine (? Hie Jinja) is a Shinto shrine in Nagatach?, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. Its June 15 Sann? Matsuri is one of the three great Japanese festivals of Edo (the forerunner of Tokyo). Other names for the shrine include Hiyoshi Sann?-sha, Hiyoshi Sann? Daigongen-sha, Edo Sann? Daigongen, K?jimachi Sann?, Sann?-sha, and Sann?-sama.
The main god of the shrine is ?yamakui-no-kami.
The date of establishment of the Hie Shrine is uncertain. According to one theory, ?ta D?kan established it in 1478. Another theory identifies the Hie with the Sann? Shrine mentioned in a 1362 record of the Kumano Nachi Taisha.
Tokugawa Ieyasu relocated it to the grounds of Edo Castle, and in 1604 his son Tokugawa Hidetada moved it out, so the people of Edo could worship there. The shaden was lost to the Great Fire of Meireki of 1657, and in 1659 Tokugawa Ietsuna rebuilt it at its present location. The shrine stands southwest of the castle, in the ura kimon direction according to onmy?d?.
From 1871 through 1946, the Hie Shrine was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha (?), meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines.
The Hie Shrine possesses one National Treasure, a tachi (single-edged sword). It also holds 14 Important Cultural Assets, 13 swords and one naginata. The shrine is also one of the most popular for Japanese families to visit during the Shichi-Go-San coming-of-age festival.
Tameike-Sann? Station on the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line and Tokyo Metro Namboku Line, Kokkai-gijid?-mae Station on the Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line, and Akasaka-mitsuke Station on the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line and Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line are the closest stops to the shrine.