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In 1939 he published what Gary Beckman considers to be perhaps his most influential scholarly achievement Cylinder Seals: A Documentary Essay on the Art and Religion of the Ancient Near East. In a collaborative work with Henriette Groenewegen-Frankfort, John A. Wilson, and Thorkild Jacobsen he published The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man in 1946, an influential work on the nature of myth and reality. Frankfort published Kingship and the Gods in 1948, "a classic work" in the opinion of John Baines. In 1948 he became director of the Warburg Institute in London. Along with EA Wallis Budge, he was revolutionary for his time for suggesting that Egyptian civilization, culturally, religiously, and ethnically arose from an African, instead of an Asian base. He wrote 15 books and monographs and about 73 articles for journals about ancient Egypt, archaeology and cultural anthropology, especially on the religious systems of the Ancient Near East.
Erik Hornung in his influential work Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt, The One and the Many acknowledged his debt to previous work done by Henri Frankfort.
^H. Frankfort: "The Burney Relief" in AfO, Berlin, 1937/39, Vol. XII, p. 129f 3. D. Opitz: "Die vogelfüssige Göttin.
^Bible review Biblical Archaeology Society - 2001 "Earlier this century, Henri Frankfort and Emil GH Kraeling identified the figure as Lilith.4 In the Talmud, Lilith is described as having wings, as Janet Howe Gaines notes in the previous article in this issue."
^"Ritual and Politics in Ancient Mesopotamia. Journal of the American Oriental Society, Gary Beckman, October 2006
^Israelite religion and Biblical theology, Patrick D. Miller, p. 144, Continuum, 2000, ISBN1-84127-142-X
^Religion in ancient Egypt, John Baines (contributor, p. 124, Taylor & Francis, 1991, ISBN0-415-07030-9
^"Egypt, Trunk of the Tree: The contexts", Simson R. Najovits, p. 130, Algora, 2003, ISBN0-87586-221-7