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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Welsh language pronunciations in resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPA-cy}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Welsh phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Welsh.

IPA Examples English approximations
b bach, cwbl, mab be
d dydd, cadw, tad do
d? joio, garej, diengyd (colloquial) just
ð ddoe, deuddeg, bedd wither
f ffenest, ei phen, cyffro, corff find
? glân, cegin, cig get
h haul, gwahanol have
j iaith, geiriadur you
k cig, acw, ac sky, cool
l leicio, Alban, bol like
? llyfr, cyllell[1] No equivalent in English; similar to the sound in hl
m mab, cymaint, dim me
m? fy mhen, ym Mhen-y-bont No equivalent in English. Approximately like wormhole
n nerth, anadlu, gwyn no
n? fy nhad, yn Nhywyn No equivalent in English. Approximately like unhappy
? fy ngwely, trengi, rhwng thing
fy ngh?n, yng Nghymru No equivalent in English. Approximately like Shanghai
p pen, copa, map open
r radio, garw, d?r right but trilled
r? rhestr, anrheg Voiceless r. Similar to pronouncing it hr in a similar way to English wh.
s Saesnes, swsus see
? siarad, siop, brwsh she
t tatws, at stop
t? tsieini, wats chance
? thus, athro, peth think
v faint, afal, arf very
w wedyn, ei wraig, gwlân was
? chwaer, tuchan, bwlch Not present in English; similar to Scots loch
? Zsazsa Gabor vision
IPA Examples English approximations
a sant, pàs sand
a: mab, sâl father
e: peth, trên air
? cymydog, r?g about
? perth, mès well
? ? tipyn, sgìl it
? punt, gwyn pin (SW)
i: i: hir, tîm be
?: llun, bûm, rhy, t? No equivalent in English; Russian ??
o: bro, ôl raw
? bron, glòs off
u: cwch, d?r pool
? cwm, m?g put
IPA Examples English approximations
ai ai tai eye
a? cau, nesáu pie
a:? hael, cae Yael
au llaw around
?u llew wayward
?i[2] ?i[2] Seisnig pain
e? gwneud
?u bywyd RP toe
?u ?u lliw Similar to Cockney English till
?u Duw, menyw
?i ?i osgoi boy
coeden soil
?i mwy, g?yl Louie
Other symbols used in transcription of Welsh pronunciation
IPA Explanation
' Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example cymydog [k?'m?dog]

See also


  1. ^ /?/ is usually pronounced as [?] but may also be pronounced as [ç], depending on the speaker and variety. In this guide, the differences between lateral and palatal allophones are both ignored and both are transcribed with .[a]
  2. ^ a b The diphthongs that were historically [?i, ] for most speakers now begin with a more front vowel [? ~ e]. Transcription styles in sources vary, but these are most often transcribed with [?i, ] on Wikipedia.


  1. ^ Wells, John (26 June 2008). "Welsh ll". John Wells's phonetic blog. Retrieved 2014.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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