Help:IPA/Ukrainian
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Help:IPA/Ukrainian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet represents Ukrainian language pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-uk}} and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Ukrainian contrasts palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript ⟨j⟩, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like in the [j] sound in yes.

See Ukrainian phonology for more details on the sounds of Ukrainian.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximations
b ?[1] boot
d ?[1] do
d? ?, [1] , [mid?] dew
dz ?[1] pads
dz? , [1] ,
d? ?[1] jump, ridge
f ? fool
? ?[1] good
? ??[1] [txo?'bili] between good and hood
? ? behind
j ?, ?, ?? , , yes
k ? scar
l ? bell
l? ?, , least
m ? moot
n ?? noon
n? ?, , new
p ? spare
r ? trilled r, like in Spanish riesgo
r? ?
s ? soup
s? ??, , [wis?] suit
? ??, ?? , shop
t ? star
t? ?, , stew
ts ? cats
ts? ??, ,
t? ??, ?? , choose
u? ??, ? , [st?u?] tow
v ??[1] [?vni'st?n] vine
w ? between wine and vine
x ?? [xou?'r?x] Bach, loch
z ?[1] zoo
z? ?, [1] ['zil?:?], presume
? ??[1] measure, garage
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Stressed
? ??? father
? ?? met
i ???, , ['ikl?] meet
? ? bit
? ?, ?? , [ln] off
u ???, ?? , fool
Unstressed
? ??? hug
e ?? rate
i ??? meet
? ??[2] bit
o ?? cold
? ?? put
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
'? stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
?? secondary stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
?: gemination (the consonant is pronounced twice as long)[3]
? optional nature of consonant palatalization before /i/

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Voiceless obstruents /p t t? ts ts? t? k x f s s? ?/ are voiced [b d d? dz dz? d? ? ? v z z? ?] before other voiced obstruents. [?] and [v] only ever occur in this case.
  2. ^ May also be realized as .
  3. ^ In Ukrainian, geminates are found between vowels: ? 'bonfire', 'married couple', ? 'face'. Geminates also occur at the beginning of a few words: ['l?:?n?j] 'flaxen', forms of the verb ? 'to pour' ( , [l?:u], ? [l?:] etc.), 'to suck' and derivatives.[]

Bibliography

  • Danyenko, Andrii; Vakulenko, Serhii (1995). Ukrainian. Lincom Europa. ISBN 978-3-929075-08-3.
  • , ?.?.; , ?.?. (1965). ? ?. ? I. (in Ukrainian). Kiev: .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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