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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents M?ori language pronunciations in resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPA-mi}}, {{IPAc-mi}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See M?ori phonology for detailed discussion of the phonology of M?ori.

IPA Examples English approximation
f Whakatane fat, what[1]
? Otago get[2]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
l Waihola lucky[2]
m M?ori moon
n t?n? note
? Ngaruawahia sung
p Paraparaumu spy
? Te Reo far (Scottish English), ladder (North American English)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
IPA Example Note
' Waitangi[3] Mark placed before the stressed syllable.
IPA Examples English approximation
a: M?ori father
a Aotearoa cart (non-rhotic)
?: t?n? koe yeah
? Te Reo bed
i: k?anga me
i iwi meet
?: t?n? k?rua dog
? Oamaru off
?: Ng?i T?hoe roughly like too
? Te Urewera boot
ae roughly like lie
ao roughly like house
oi roughly like boy
oe roughly like wet
ou roughly like snow (American English)


  1. ^ M?ori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (as pronounced by those without the wine-whine merger). However, contemporary M?ori's most common pronunciation is [f]. The voiceless bilabial fricative is a rarer pronunciation, although it is deemed without proof by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant.
  2. ^ a b Only used separately in the near-extinct southern dialect of M?ori. This southern dialect also has a tendency to reduce the last vowel of a word to a schwa. See M?ori language#South Island dialects for further details.
  3. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel or on the first diphthong. Otherwise, it is on the first syllable but never earlier than the fourth-last vowel in a word, with both long vowels and diphthongs counting twice.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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