Help:IPA/Khmer
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Help:IPA/Khmer

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Khmer language pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles.

Consonants

Full Subscript Initial Value Final Value[1] Series[2]
? k k, ? 1
? k? k 1
? k k, ? 2
? k? k 2
? ? ? 2[3]
? c c 1
? c? none [4] 1
? c c 2
? c? none [4] 2
? ? ? 2[3]
? ? t? 1
? t t? 1
? ? t? 2
? t t? 2
? n? n? 1
? t?, ?[5] t? 1
? t t? 1
? t? t? 2
? t t? 2
? n? n? 2[3]
? ?, p[6] p 1
? p? p 1
? p p 2
? p? p 2
? m m 2[3]
? j j 2[3]
? r - , r[7] 2[3]
? l? l? 2[3]
? ? /?/, /w/ 2[3]
? s h 1
? h none [4] 1
? - l? none [4] 1
? ? none [4] 1


Dependent Vowels

Vowel 1st Series Value 2nd Series Value[2]
? ?: ?:
? a: i?
e?, e, ? i?, i, ?
?j i:
? ?
?:
o u
ou u:
u?
?w ?w
a? ?:
i?
ei, ?[8] e:, ?[8]
ae ?:
aj ?j
ao o:
aw ?w
om um
?m um
am om
ah eah
eh ih
oh uh
eh ih
?h u?h


Independent Vowels

Vowel IPA
? e; i; ?i
? j
? o?; u?
? (obsolete)
? ?u:
? w
? ?r
? ?r?:
? ?l
? ?l?:
? ?ae; :,?e:
? ?aj
?, ? ?a:o
? ?aw

Notes

  1. ^ The stops /p, t, c, k/ have no audible release when occurring as syllable finals
  2. ^ a b Khmer consonants belong to two classes that dictate the value of dependent vowels.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Can be changed to 1st series by stacking a ? above the subscript form. See here for further details.
  4. ^ a b c d e never occurs at the end of words
  5. ^ ? is used by orthographic convention to represent ? in disyllabic words whose underlying form is spelled with ? or ? as opposed to derivatives of bases spelled with ?, which keep the original ? for ?.
  6. ^ in certain words of Pali or Sanskrit origin
  7. ^ final ? is silent (not transcribed) in central dialects of Cambodia and Vietnam, represents a trill in Northern Khmer dialects of Thailand
  8. ^ a b before palatals



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Khmer
 



 



 
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