Get Help:IPA/French essential facts below. View Videos or join the Help:IPA/French discussion. Add Help:IPA/French to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French language pronunciations in resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPAc-fr}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

French has no word-level stress so stress marks should not be used in transcribing French words. See French phonology and French orthography for a more thorough look at the sounds of French.

IPA Examples English approximation
b bon about
d deux, grande today
f faire, vif festival
? garçon, longue again
k corps, avec sky
l laisser, possible, seul loo
m même moo
n nous, bonne no
? gagner, champagne canyon
? camping, bingo[1] camping
p père, groupe spy
? regarder, nôtre[2] Guttural R, roughly like Scottish English loch
s sans, ça, assez sir
? chance shoe
t tout, thé, grand-oncle sty
v vous, wagon, neuf heures vein
z zéro, raison, chose zeal
? jamais, visage measure
j fief, payer, fille, travail yet
w oui, loi, moyen, web, whisky wet
? huit, Puy like a simultaneous wet and yet
Oral vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a patte, là trap
? pâte, glas[4] bra
e clé, les, chez, aller, pied, journée hate
? baie, faite, mettre, renne, crème, peine best
?: fête, mtre, mètre, reine, rtre, caisse, presse, Lemaistre, Lévesque[4] fairy
? reposer, monsieur, faisons[5] again (often elided, see e muet)
i si, île, régie, y bee
oe soeur, jeune roughly like bird
ø ceux, jner, queue roughly like bird
o saut, haut, bureau story
? sort, minimum off
u coup, roue too
y tu, sûr, rue roughly like few
Nasal vowels
sans, champ, vent, temps, Jean, taon roughly like on, nasalized [?] or [?]. rendez-vous
vin, impair, pain, daim, plein, Reims, synthèse, sympa, bien roughly like man; nasalized [æ] or [?]
oe? un, parfum[4] roughly like burn; nasalized [oe]
son, nom roughly like long; nasalized [o] or [?]
IPA Example Description
. pays [pe.i][6] syllable boundary
? les agneaux [lez?a'?o] liaison[7]


  1. ^ In European French, /?/ is often pronounced [], but in Québec, it is merged with /?/.
  2. ^ The French rhotic /?/ is usually uvular, but it varies by region. For example, in Québec both [r] and [?] are used, depending on both region and age.
  3. ^ Nasal vowels are lengthened before any consonant, but oral vowels are lengthened before [v, ?, z, ?].
  4. ^ a b c In Parisian French, /oe?/ is usually merged with //, /?/ with /a/ and /?:/ with /?/. The pairs may be distinguished in Belgian, Swiss and Canadian French and in some regions of France or among older speakers.
  5. ^ /?/ is frequently pronounced as [ø]. See e muet for more information.
  6. ^ The syllable break ⟨.⟩ is used sparingly.
  7. ^ In liaison, the latent final consonant is pronounced before a following vowel sound, but s and x are voiced and pronounced [z], and d is unvoiced and pronounced [t].

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes