Help:IPA/Burmese
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Help:IPA/Burmese

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Burmese language pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-my}} and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Burmese phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Burmese.

Consonants
IPA Burmese example English approximation
b [b] bat
d ? [da?] dye
d? ? [d?] Jew
ð ðá] this
? ? [?ò] gate
h ? [ho] hone
j [já] yield
k ? [kò] skate[1]
k? ? [k?ò] Kate[2]
l ? [lo] lay
l? [l?o] play; like /l/ but voiceless
m [ma?] much
m? ? [m?a?] None; like /m/ but voiceless
n ? [ná?] not
n? [n?á?] None; like /n/ but voiceless
? [k?à?] Nasalization of preceding vowel[3]
? [?] canyon
? [] None; like /?/, but voiceless
? [?á] sing
? [á] None; like /?/, but voiceless
p [p] spat[1]
p? [p?] pat[2]
? [t??es?à?][4] rock
s [sà] gas
s? [s?à] grass hut[2]
? [?à] shoe
t [ta?] sty[1]
t? [t?a?] tie[2]
t? ? [t?] itch[1]
t ? [t] chew[2]
? [?a?] thin
w [wá] wield
z [zà] zoo
? ? [?o?] uh-oh, Cockney bottle
Vowels
IPA Burmese example English approximation
a [ná] father
a? [nà?] might
a? [na?] mouth[5]
e [nè] Scottish English mate
e? ? [ne??] may[5]
? [n] met
? [k??lo] comma
i [ní] meet
? ? [n?] mit[5]
o ? [no?] Scottish English note
o? [nó?] mow[5]
? ? [n] off
u ? [n?ú] moot
? [n?] foot[5]
 
Tones
IPA Burmese examples Explanation
` [?à] Normal phonation, medium duration, low intensity, low (often slightly rising) pitch
´ [?á] Sometimes slightly breathy, relatively long, high intensity, high pitch; often with a fall before a pause
? [?a?] Tense or creaky phonation (sometimes with lax glottal stop), medium duration, high intensity, high (often slightly falling) pitch

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Unaspirated, like /p t k/ etc. in Romance or Slavic languages.
  2. ^ a b c d e Heavily aspirated.
  3. ^ The vowel before the /?/ is always nasalized, and if a consonant follows /?/, then the /?/ becomes homorganic with the following consonant. It is never uvular, more functioning as a nasal approximant, either alveolar or velar. See here for more details.
  4. ^ A marginal consonant in Burmese, /?/ occurs only in foreign words, and even there is often replaced by /j/ or /l/.
  5. ^ a b c d e The sounds [a], [e], [?], [o], and [?] are allophones of /?/, /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/ respectively, occurring in closed syllables, i.e. before /?/ and /?/.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Burmese
 



 



 
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