Help:IPA/Belarusian
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Help:IPA/Belarusian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Belarusian language pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-be}} and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Belarusian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Belarusian.

Consonants
IPA Cyrillic IPA Cyrillic[1] English approximation
b ? b? ? boot; beautiful
d ? do
d?z d?z? birds, adze
d jug
f ? f? ? fool; few
? ? ? roughly like go but without completely
blocking the air flow
k ? k? ? scold, skew
l ?[2] l? ? loot; lute (for some dialects)
m ? m? ? moot; mute
n ? n? ? noon; canyon (for some dialects)
p ? p? ? span, spew
r ? trilled r, like in Spanish
s ? s? ? soup; super (for some dialects)
? ? shore
t ? stool
t?s ? t?s? ? cats; quartz
t ? child
v ?[2] v? ? voodoo; view
x ? x? ? Bach; huge (for some dialects)
z ? z? ? zoo; resume (for some dialects)
? ? rouge
Marginal consonants
IPA Cyrillic IPA Cyrillic English approximation
? ?, ? ?, ? goo; argue
Vowels
IPA Cyrillic English equivalent
a ?, ?[3] father
? ?, ?[3] met
i ?[4] meat
? ?[4] roses
? ?, ?[3] born
u ?, ? choose
Semivowels
IPA Cyrillic English equivalent
j ?[5] yes, boy
w ?[2] water


Other symbols
IPA Explanation
' Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
: Gemination[6] (doubled consonant)

Notes

  1. ^ Belarusian has a contrast between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ⟨?⟩,are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/ is also soft, but /d, t, d, t, r, ?, ?/ are always hard.
  2. ^ a b c /v/ and /l/ merge into /w/?⟩ before consonants.
  3. ^ a b c Unstressed /?/ and /?/ are reduced to [a]. Unlike Russian, this is reflected in writing.
  4. ^ a b [i] and [?] are in complementary distribution: [i] occurs at the beginning of words and after soft consonants; [?] occurs after hard consonants.
  5. ^ The "soft" vowel letters ⟨?, ?, ?, ?, ?⟩ represent a /j/ and a vowel when they are initial or after other vowels.
  6. ^ Nine Belarusian consonants can be contrastively geminated: /d?z?:, l?:, n?:, s?:, ?:, t?s?:, t:, z?:, ?:/.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Belarusian
 



 



 
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