Help:IPA/Australian Languages
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Help:IPA/Australian Languages

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents pronunciations of most Australian Aboriginal languages in resource articles. Only a few languages on the continent have sounds not in the tables below. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPA-aus}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA English approximation
b?, b spy, by[1]
d?, d stool, do[1][2]
d, d? width[1][2]
, ? strudle, drew[1][3]
, ? sky, guy[1]
, ? skew, argue[1][4]
j yes
l[2] lose
l?[2] wealth
? heirloom[3]
? million, (UK) lewd[4]
m mother
n[2] noose
n?[2] tenth
? Arnold[3]
? canyon, (UK) new[4]
? sing
r Spanish Río
? setting (US), bury (Scots)
? red
? barter (US)[3]
? red (some Irish or West Country dialects; pronounced with rounded lips)
w water
IPA English approximation
a father
e bade[5]
? sofa
i, ? see, sit[5]
o bore[5]
u, ? food, foot[5]
: (long vowel)


  1. ^ a b c d e f The sounds [b? d d? ] are often pronounced tenuis, like spy, sty, stew/chew, sky (like French or Spanish p, t, tch/ch, k) at the beginnings of words, and voiced, like buy, die, dew/Jew, guy between vowels, but that is variable, and the distinction is not meaningful in almost all Australian languages.
  2. ^ a b c d e f The plain consonants [d? l n] are like English sty, noose, lose, with the tip of the tongue touching the gums, and the consonants with the 'bridge' under them, [d l? n?], are like t n l in French or Spanish, with the tip of the tongue touching the teeth and its upper surface touching the gums, giving them a light sound. The alveolar-dental distinction is very important in most Australian languages.
  3. ^ a b c d The consonants with a 'tail', [ ? ? ?], are pronounced with the ton?ue curled back, which gives them a dark "r"-like retroflex quality
  4. ^ a b c The consonants [ ? ?] are pronounced with a y-like quality. English dy, ly, ny are similar.
  5. ^ a b c d The vowels i and u typically vary across [i] ~ [?] ~ [e] and [u] ~ [?] ~ [o], respectively. However, a few Australian languages distinguish both sounds.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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