|Position in alphabet||5|
|Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician|
The proto-Canaanite letter gave rise to the Greek Epsilon, Etruscan ?, Latin E, Ë and ?, and Cyrillic ?, ?, ? and ?. He, like all Phoenician letters, represented a consonant, but the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic equivalents have all come to represent vowel sounds.
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In Proto-Northwest Semitic there were still three voiceless fricatives: uvular ?, glottal h, and pharyngeal ?. In the Wadi el-Hol script, these appear to be expressed by derivatives of the following Egyptian hieroglyphs
The letter is named h. It is written in several ways depending on its position in the word:
H is used as a suffix (with the harakat dictated by ?I?rab) indicating possession, indicating that the noun marked with the suffix belongs to a specific masculine possessor; for example, kit?b ("book") becomes kit?buhu ("his book") with the addition of final h; the possessor is implied in the suffix. A longer example, ? , (huwa yaqra'u kit?bahu, "he reads his book") more clearly indicates the possessor. H is also used as the Arabic abbreviation for dates following the Islamic era AH.
The h suffix appended to a verb represents a masculine object (e.g. ?, yaqra?uhu, "he reads it").
The feminine form of this construction is in both cases ? -h?.
In Nasta?l?q the letter has its own particular shapes. As Urdu and other languages of Pakistan are usually written in Nasta?l?q, they normally employ those shapes, which are given an independent code point (U+06C1) for compatibility:
For aspiration Urdu and other languages of Pakistan use a special form of h, called in Urdu do chashm? he ("two-eyed he"):
Many Turkic languages of Central Asia like Uyghur as well as Kurdish use the modification of the letter for front vowels /æ/ or /?/. This has its own code point (U+06D5). To distinguish it from Arabic h /h/ the letter lacks its initial and medial forms:
|Position in word:||Isolated||Final||Medial||Initial|
|Various print fonts||Cursive
Also, in many variant Hebrew pronunciations the letter may represent a glottal stop. In word-final position, Hei is used to indicate an a-vowel, usually that of qamatz ( ָ ), and in this sense functions like Aleph, Vav, and Yud as a mater lectionis, indicating the presence of a long vowel.
Hei, along with Aleph, Ayin, Reish, and Khet, cannot receive a dagesh. Nonetheless, it does receive a marking identical to the dagesh, to form Hei-mappiq (). Although indistinguishable for most modern speakers or readers of Hebrew, the mapiq is placed in a word-final Hei to indicate that the letter is not merely a mater lectionis but the consonant should be aspirated in that position. It is generally used in Hebrew to indicate the third-person feminine singular genitive marker. Today, such a pronunciation only occurs in religious contexts and even then often only by careful readers of the scriptures.
Attached to words, Hei may have three possible meanings:
In modern Hebrew the frequency of the usage of he, out of all the letters, is 8.18%.
Hei, representing five in gematria, is often found on amulets, symbolizing the five fingers of a hand, a very common talismanic symbol.
Hei is often used to represent the name of God as an abbreviation for Hashem, which means The Name and is a way of saying God without actually saying the name of God. In print, Hashem is usually written as Hei with a geresh: .
In the Syriac alphabet, the fifth letter is ? -- Heh (). It is pronounced as an [h]. At the end of a word with a point above it, it represents the third-person feminine singular suffix. Without the point, it stands for the masculine equivalent. Standing alone with a horizontal line above it, it is the abbreviation for either h?noh (), meaning 'this is' or 'that is', or halelûya (?). As a numeral, He represents the number five.
|Unicode name||HEBREW LETTER HE||ARABIC LETTER HEH||SYRIAC LETTER HE||SAMARITAN LETTER IY|
|UTF-8||215 148||D7 94||217 135||D9 87||220 151||DC 97||224 160 132||E0 A0 84|
|Numeric character reference||ה||ה||ه||ه||ܗ||ܗ||ࠄ||ࠄ|
|Unicode name||UGARITIC LETTER HO||IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER HE||PHOENICIAN LETTER HE|
|UTF-8||240 144 142 133||F0 90 8E 85||240 144 161 132||F0 90 A1 84||240 144 164 132||F0 90 A4 84|
|UTF-16||55296 57221||D800 DF85||55298 56388||D802 DC44||55298 56580||D802 DD04|
|Numeric character reference||𐎅||𐎅||𐡄||𐡄||𐤄||𐤄|