Hazrat Khawaja Muhammad Zaman Luari Sharif
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Hazrat Khawaja Muhammad Zaman Luari Sharif
Khawaja Muhammad Zaman
Tomb of Muhammad Zaman of Luari.jpg
Tomb of Khawaja Muhammad Zaman in Luari, Sindh
TitleSultan-al-Aoliya
Personal
Born12 October 1713 AD (Ramadan 21, 1125 A.H.)
Luari, Sindh
Died6 January 1775 AD (Dhul-Qadh 4, 1188A.H.)
Luari, Sindh
ReligionIslam
TariqaNaqshbandi

Khawaja Muhammad Zaman of Luari (1713 - 1775 AD : 1125 - 1188 AH) (Sindhi: ? ? ?‎) was a sufi saint and poet from Sindh.[1] His father, Shaikh Abdul Latif Siddiqi, was a descendant of first Rashidun Caliph Abu Bakr.[2] Their forefathers had moved to Sindh in Abbasid era.[3][4]

Biography

Shaikh Abdul Latif was follower of the Naqshbandi sufi sect so Muhammad Zaman learned Quran and Sufi teachings from his father. Then he was sent to Thatta to study further in the Madrassa of Shaikh Muhammad Sadiq Naqshbandi who was a follower of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai.[2] During this time he met Khawaja Abul Masakin,[5] who was a sufi saint and a follower of the Sirhandi saints, and left the madrassa of Muhammad Sadiq Naqshbandi to start sufi training under Abul Masakin from whom he later earneded the title of Sultan Al Aoliya (Master of Sufis). After some time Abul Masakin appointed him his successor and himself went to Mecca for Hajj where he died shortly afterwards.[2] Muhammad Zaman then started preaching sufism, training people in the path of divine love.[6] By this time he was a complete Sheikh. Later, Muhammad Zaman moved to his home town Luari and continued his preachings, where he attracted masses of people around him.[1][5][7]

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, a sufi poet himself, once came to Luari to meet Muhammad Zaman.[8] After the meeting Latif is said to have repeatedly recited this verse in praise of Muhammad Zaman:

? ?
? ? ?

O mother! I have seen those who have met the Beloved face to face
I am speechless to recount their glorious tale.[8][9]

He died on January 6, 1775 AD (Dhul-Qadh 4, 1188 AH), and his tomb is in Luari, Sindh.[7][10]

Poetry

Muhammad Zaman was also a sufi poet.[11] Though he is said to have said hundreds of poems but only 85 have been available in written form. A collection of these poems is Abyat Sindhi (Sindhi poems). Shaikh Abdul Rahim Garhori, one of his disciples,[12][13] has written a comprehensive commentary and explanation of these poems, called Sharah Abyat Sindhi. They reflect deep mysteries of sufism and general common sense.[2] Though he was a Naqshbandi and all Naqshbandi sufis follow Wahdat-ash-Shuh?d he seems to have merged Wahdat-ash-Shuh?d and Wahdat-al-Wuj?d in his poetry.[14] He says:

? ?
? ? ?

O friends! do not kill Mansoor as yarn is nothing else but cotton itself in modified form
When assemblage is gone, there is no difference between two and one will definitely shout of the unity of existence.[9]

This implies that claim of Mansoor Ana-al-Haqq (I am God : Haqq is a name of God in Islam) was not pointless as he had discovered the fact that his existence and that of universe was nothing but the manifestation of God's attributes, as yarn is nothing but cotton, therefore Mansoor should not be killed. At some other point he says in favour of Shuh?d:

?
? ? ?

Water and waves seem to be one thing, not two
Some thought it is the reality while some perceived non existence of waves on their own.[9]

Means waves have no real existence of their own and are merely movement in water, in the same way, while the universe does not have its own existence, it is not the same as God. But generally it is considered that he was neither on side of Wahdat-al-Shuh?d completely nor in complete favour of Wahdat-al-Wuj?d, instead he combined both ideologies to show that the differences in between them were merely of words and not real.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b Kalhoro, Zulfiqar Ali (October 2012). "City of Saints". The Friday Times. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Talpur, Abdul Karim (1972). "Maqoolat-e-Tassawuf". archives.org. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ "www.aulia-e-hind.com".
  4. ^ Baloch, Dr Nabi Bux (1982). "Kuliyat-e-Hamal". archives.org. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ a b "HAZRAT KHAWJA MUHAMMAD ZAMAN , LUARI SHARIF".
  6. ^ Qani'i Thatwi, Mir Ali Sher (2010). "Mayaar-e-Salikeen". archives.org. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ a b Rizvi, Akhtar. "Tuhfat-ul-kiramurduTranslation". Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ a b Jotwani Motilal: Sufis of Sindh. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, 1986, ISBN 81-230-0508-3, (Khawaja Muhammad Zaman of Luari, p. 105, at Google Books).
  9. ^ a b c Girhori, Shaykh Abul-Rahim. "SharahAbyatSindhi". Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ Qaboolai, Taj Muhammad (2000). "Makhdoom Abdul Rahim Garhori". archives.org. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ Ansari, S. F. D. (1992). Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843-1947. Cambridge University Press. p. 22. ISBN 0521405300.
  12. ^ Schimmel, A. (1974). Sindhi literature (A history of Indian literature). Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz. p. 20. ISBN 978-3447015608.
  13. ^ Daudpoto, Umar bin Muhammad (1995). "Kalam-e-Garhori". Retrieved 2014.
  14. ^ a b Girami, Ghulam Muhammad (1974). "Tuhfa Luwari". Retrieved 2014.

External links


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