Hastings and Rye (UK Parliament Constituency)
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Hastings and Rye UK Parliament Constituency

Coordinates: 50°54?36?N 0°39?25?E / 50.910°N 0.657°E / 50.910; 0.657

Hastings and Rye
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hastings and Rye in East Sussex
Outline map
Location of East Sussex within England
CountyEast Sussex
Electorate76,422 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentAmber Rudd (Independent Conservative[2])
Number of membersOne
Created fromHastings, Rye
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

Hastings and Rye is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Amber Rudd, an independent, formerly Conservative.[n 2] Rudd served as Work and Pensions Secretary in Theresa May's and Boris Johnson's Cabinet from 2018 until 2019, and as Home Secretary under May from 2016 to 2018. Rudd resigned from the cabinet and gave up the Conservative whip on 7 September 2019 in protest against the expulsion of "moderate Conservatives" from the party and over the Brexit policies of Johnson.[3]

Since 2001 (inclusive) election campaigns have resulted in a minimum of 35.1% of votes at each election consistently for the same two parties' choice for candidate, and the next-placed party's having fluctuated between 3.3% and 15.7% of the vote -- such third-placed figures attained higher percentages in 1992 and 1997.

The result in 2017 was the 24th-closest nationally (of 650 seats), whereby 174 voters would have been capable of changing the outcome by their choice of candidate, the margin of votes being 346.[4]

Boundaries

1983-2010: The Borough of Hastings, and the District of Rother wards of Camber, Fairlight, Guestling and Pett, Rye, and Winchelsea.

2010-present: The Borough of Hastings, and the District of Rother wards of Brede Valley, Eastern Rother, Marsham, and Rye.

Constituency profile

As its name suggests, the main settlements in the constituency are the seaside resort of Hastings and smaller nearby tourist town of Rye. The constituency also includes the Cinque Port of Winchelsea and the villages of Fairlight, Winchelsea Beach, Three Oaks, Guestling, Icklesham, Playden, Iden, Rye Harbour, East Guldeford, Camber, and Pett.

The constituency is set in a relatively isolated part of the southeast from the railways perspective and so does not enjoy some of the more general affluence of this part of the country. In the 2000 index of multiple deprivation a majority of wards fell within the bottom half of rankings so it can arguably be considered a deprived area.[5] Hastings has some light industry, while Rye has a small port, which includes hire and repair activities for leisure vessels and fishing. Hastings is mostly Labour-voting, whereas Rye and the rest of the areas from Rother council are Conservative.

Property prices in the villages are however rising and are in affluent areas, unlike residential estates in the towns. Three Oaks does enjoy a nearby train station for its residents, which has services allowing connecting services to London.

History

The constituency was created in 1983 by combining most of Hastings with a small part of Rye. The Conservative MP for Hastings since 1970, Kenneth Warren, won the new seat.[n 3]. Warren held Hastings and Rye until he chose to retire in 1992; during this period its large majorities suggested it was a Conservative safe seat, with the Liberal Party (now the Liberal Democrats) regularly coming second. Jacqui Lait won the seat on Warren's retirement, but in 1997 the Labour candidate Michael Foster narrowly defeated Lait, becoming the second-least expected (on swing) Labour MP in the landslide of that year[] and since 2001 setting a pattern that suggests the seat is a two-way Labour-Conservative marginal. Foster held the seat, again with slim majorities over Conservatives, in 2001 and 2005, but lost it to Conservative Amber Rudd in 2010. Rudd was re-elected with an increased majority in 2015.

In the 2017 general election, the Green Party declined to contest the seat and instead called on its supporters to back the Labour candidate.[6] Rudd held the seat with a slim majority of 346.

Members of Parliament

Elections

Hastings and Rye election results

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2019: Hastings and Rye [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Chowney
Independent Paul Crosland
Conservative Sally-Ann Hart
Liberal Democrats Nick Perry
General election 2017: Hastings and Rye
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Amber Rudd 25,668 46.9 Increase 2.3
Labour Peter Chowney 25,322 46.2 Increase 11.1
Liberal Democrats Nick Perry 1,885 3.4 Increase 0.3
UKIP Michael Phillips 1,479 2.7 Decrease 10.6
Independent Nicholas Wilson 412 0.8 New
Majority 346 0.7 Decrease 8.7
Turnout 54,766 71.6 Increase 3.6
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 4.4
General election 2015: Hastings and Rye[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Amber Rudd 22,686 44.5 +3.4
Labour Sarah Owen 17,890 35.1 -2.0
UKIP Andrew Michael 6,786 13.3 +10.5
Green Jake Bowers 1,951 3.8 +3.8
Liberal Democrats Nick Perry 1,614 3.2 -12.5
Majority 4,796 9.4 +5.4
Turnout 50,927 68.0 +4.1
Conservative hold Swing +2.7
General election 2010: Hastings and Rye[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Amber Rudd 20,468 41.1 +3.0
Labour Michael Foster 18,475 37.1 -3.5
Liberal Democrats Nick Perry 7,825 15.7 +0.6
UKIP Anthony Smith 1,397 2.8 +0.1
BNP Nick Prince 1,310 2.6 +2.6
English Democrat Rod Bridger 339 0.7 +0.7
Majority 1,993 4.0
Turnout 49,814 63.9 +4.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +3.3

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Hastings and Rye[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Foster 18,107 42.1 -5.0
Conservative Mark Coote 16,081 37.4 +0.8
Liberal Democrats Richard Stevens 6,479 15.1 +4.8
UKIP Terry Grant 1,098 2.6 +0.4
Green Sally Phillips 1,032 2.4 +0.7
Monster Raving Loony Viscount Clarkey of Rochdale Canal Ord-Clarke 207 0.5 0.0
Majority 2,026 4.7
Turnout 43,004 59.1 +0.8
Labour hold Swing -2.9
General election 2001: Hastings and Rye[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Foster 19,402 47.1 +12.7
Conservative Mark Coote 15,094 36.6 +7.5
Liberal Democrats Graem Peters 4,266 10.3 -17.6
UKIP Alan Coomber 911 2.2 +1.2
Green Sally Phillips 721 1.7 N/A
Independent Gillian Bargery 486 1.2 N/A
Monster Raving Loony John Ord-Clarke 198 0.5 +0.2
Rock 'n' Roll Loony Brett McLean 140 0.3 N/A
Majority 4,308 10.5
Turnout 41,218 58.4 -11.3
Labour hold Swing +2.6

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Hastings and Rye[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Foster 16,867 34.4 +18.6
Conservative Jacqui Lait 14,307 29.2 -18.4
Liberal Democrats Monroe Palmer 13,717 28.0 -7.3
Referendum Christopher J.M. McGovern 2,511 5.1 N/A
Liberal Jane M.E. Amstad 1,046 2.1 N/A
UKIP W.N. Andrews 472 1.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Derek Tiverton 149 0.3 0.0
Majority 2,560 5.2
Turnout 49,069 69.7 -5.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +18.5
General election 1992: Hastings and Rye[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jacqui Lait 25,573 47.6 -2.5
Liberal Democrats Monroe Palmer 18,939 35.2 -0.8
Labour Richard D. Stevens 8,458 15.7 +2.6
Green Sally Philips 640 1.2 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Lord of Howell Derek Tiverton 168 0.3 -0.1
Majority 6,634 12.4 -1.7
Turnout 53,778 74.9 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing -0.9

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Hastings and Rye[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 26,163 50.1 -3.2
Liberal David Amies 18,816 36.0 +5.5
Labour Joy Hurcombe 6,825 13.1 -2.1
Monster Raving Loony Lord of Howell Derek Tiverton 242 0.4 N/A
Independent Stanley Davies 194 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,347 14.1 -12.7
Turnout 52,240 71.8 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing -4.4
General election 1983: Hastings and Rye[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 25,626 53.3 N/A
Liberal David Amies 14,646 30.5 N/A
Labour N. Knowles 7,304 15.2 N/A
Independent G.L. McNally 503 1.0 N/A
Majority 10,980 22.8 N/A
Turnout 48,079 68.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The Conservative MP for the abolished seat of Rye (since 1955) Bryant Godman Irvine retired

References

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ Shipman, Tim [@ShippersUnbound] (September 7, 2019). "BREAKING: Amber Rudd has resigned the Conservative whip and plans to run as an independent Conservative at the general election. See the Sunday Times" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "Amber Rudd quits government over Johnson's Brexit stance". BBC News. 7 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Library, House of Commons (June 23, 2017). "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout".
  5. ^ "Local statistics". Office for National Statistics.
  6. ^ Khan, Shebab (2 July 2017). "Election 2017: Labour say they have 'every chance of winning' Home Secretary Amber Rudd's seat". The Independent.
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs - Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
  8. ^ https://www.hastings.gov.uk/content/my_council/questions_voting_elections/pdfs/elections/567561/Statements_of_persons_nominated_and_notice_to_poll.PDF
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "08 May 2015 Parliamentary Election - Results". council web site. Hastings Borough Council. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Official announcements from Hastings council". Archived from the original on 2011-06-10.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.

Sources


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