Haruki Murakami
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Haruki Murakami
Haruki Murakami
Murakami in 2009
Murakami in 2009
Born (1949-01-12) January 12, 1949 (age 70)
Kyoto, Japan
OccupationNovelist, short-story writer, essayist, translator
NationalityJapanese
Alma materWaseda University
GenreFiction, surrealism, magical realism, science fiction, Bildungsroman, picaresque, realism
Notable works

Signature
Website
www.harukimurakami.com

Haruki Murakami ( , Murakami Haruki, born January 12, 1949) is a Japanese writer. His books and stories have been bestsellers in Japan as well as internationally, with his work being translated into 50 languages[1] and selling millions of copies outside his native country.[2][3] His work has received numerous awards, including the World Fantasy Award, the Frank O'Connor International Short Story Award, the Franz Kafka Prize, and the Jerusalem Prize.

Murakami's most notable works include A Wild Sheep Chase (1982), Norwegian Wood (1987), The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle (1994-95), Kafka on the Shore (2002), and 1Q84 (2009-10). He has also translated into Japanese works by writers including Raymond Carver and J. D. Salinger. His fiction, sometimes criticized by Japan's literary establishment as un-Japanese,[4][5] was influenced by Western writers from Chandler to Vonnegut by way of Brautigan. It is frequently surrealistic and melancholic or fatalistic, marked by a Kafkaesque rendition of the "recurrent themes of alienation and loneliness"[6] he weaves into his narratives. Steven Poole of The Guardian praised Murakami as "among the world's greatest living novelists" for his works and achievements.[7]

Biography

Murakami was born in Kyoto, Japan, during the post-World War II baby boom and raised in Shukugawa (Nishinomiya), Ashiya and Kobe.[8][9] He is an only child. His father was the son of a Buddhist priest,[10] and his mother is the daughter of an Osaka merchant.[11] Both taught Japanese literature.[12]

His father, according to an article published for Japanese magazine BungeiShunju titled "Abandoning a Cat: What I Talk About When I Talk About My Father", was involved in the Second Sino-Japanese War, and was deeply traumatized by it, which would in turn affect Murakami.[13]

Since childhood, Murakami, similarly to K?b? Abe, has been heavily influenced by Western culture, particularly Western as well as Russian music and literature. He grew up reading a wide range of works by European and American writers, such as Franz Kafka, Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, Kurt Vonnegut, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Richard Brautigan and Jack Kerouac.[14] These Western influences distinguish Murakami from the majority of other Japanese writers.[15]

Murakami studied drama at Waseda University in Tokyo, where he met Yoko, now his wife. His first job was at a record store. Shortly before finishing his studies, Murakami opened a coffee house and jazz bar, Peter Cat, in Kokubunji, Tokyo, which he ran with his wife,[16] from 1974 to 1981.[17] The couple decided not to have children.[9][18]

Murakami is a serious marathon runner and triathlon enthusiast, though he did not start running until he was 33 years old. On 23 June 1996, he completed his first ultramarathon, a 100 km race around Lake Saroma in Hokkaido, Japan.[19] He discusses his relationship with running in his 2008 memoir What I Talk About When I Talk About Running.[20]

Writing career

Trilogy of the Rat

Murakami began to write fiction when he was 29.[21] "Before that", he said, "I didn't write anything. I was just one of those ordinary people. I was running a jazz club, and I didn't create anything at all."[22] He was inspired to write his first novel, Hear the Wind Sing (1979), while watching a baseball game.[23] In 1978, Murakami was in Jingu Stadium watching a game between the Yakult Swallows and the Hiroshima Carp when Dave Hilton, an American, came to bat. According to an oft-repeated story, in the instant that Hilton hit a double, Murakami suddenly realized that he could write a novel.[24] He described the feeling as a "warm sensation" he could still feel in his heart.[25] He went home and began writing that night. Murakami worked on Hear the Wind Sing for ten months in very brief stretches, during nights, after working days at the bar.[26] He completed the novel and sent it to the only literary contest that would accept a work of that length, winning first prize.

Murakami's initial success with Hear the Wind Sing encouraged him to continue writing. A year later, he published a sequel, Pinball, 1973. In 1982, he published A Wild Sheep Chase, a critical success. Hear the Wind Sing, Pinball, 1973, and A Wild Sheep Chase form the Trilogy of the Rat (a sequel, Dance, Dance, Dance, was written later but is not considered part of the series), centered on the same unnamed narrator and his friend, "the Rat". The first two novels were not widely available in English translation outside Japan until 2015, although an English edition, translated by Alfred Birnbaum with extensive notes, had been published by Kodansha as part of a series intended for Japanese students of English. Murakami considers his first two novels to be "immature" and "flimsy",[26] and has not been eager to have them translated into English. A Wild Sheep Chase, he says, was "the first book where I could feel a kind of sensation, the joy of telling a story. When you read a good story, you just keep reading. When I write a good story, I just keep writing."[27]

Wider recognition

In 1985, Murakami wrote Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World, a dream-like fantasy that took the magical elements of his work to a new extreme. Murakami achieved a major breakthrough and national recognition in 1987 with the publication of Norwegian Wood, a nostalgic story of loss and sexuality. It sold millions of copies among young Japanese.[28]

Norwegian Wood propelled the barely known Murakami into the spotlight. He was mobbed at airports and other public places, leading to his departure from Japan in 1986.[29] Murakami traveled through Europe, lived in the United States and now currently resides in Oiso, Kanagawa, with an office in Tokyo.[30]

Murakami was a writing fellow at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey, Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts, and Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[9][31] During this time he wrote South of the Border, West of the Sun and The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle.[9]

From "detachment" to "commitment"

The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle (1995) fuses the realistic and fantastic and contains elements of physical violence. It is also more socially conscious than his previous work, dealing in part with the difficult topic of war crimes in Manchukuo (Northeast China). The novel won the Yomiuri Prize, awarded by one of Murakami's harshest former critics, Kenzabur? ?e, who himself won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1994.[32]

The processing of collective trauma soon became an important theme in Murakami's writing, which had previously been more personal in nature. Murakami returned to Japan in the aftermath of the Kobe earthquake and the Aum Shinrikyo gas attack.[14] He came to terms with these events with his first work of non-fiction, Underground, and the short story collection After the Quake. Underground consists largely of interviews of victims of the gas attacks in the Tokyo subway system.

Murakami himself mentions that he changed his position from one of "detachment" to one of "commitment" after staying in the United States in 1991. "His early books, he said, originated in an individual darkness, while his later works tap into the darkness found in society and history."[6]

English translations of many of his short stories written between 1983 and 1990 have been collected in The Elephant Vanishes. Murakami has also translated many works of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Raymond Carver, Truman Capote, John Irving, and Paul Theroux, among others, into Japanese.[9]

Murakami took an active role in translation of his work into English, encouraging "adaptations" of his texts to American reality rather than direct translation. Some of his works which appeared in German turned out to be translations from English rather than from Japanese (South of the Border, West of the Sun, 2000; The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle, 2000s), encouraged by Murakami himself. Both were later re-translated from Japanese.[33]

Since 1999

Sputnik Sweetheart was first published in 1999, followed by Kafka on the Shore in 2002, with the English translation following in 2005. Kafka on the Shore won the World Fantasy Award for Novels in 2006.[34] The English version of his novel After Dark was released in May 2007. It was chosen by The New York Times as a "notable book of the year".[35] In late 2005, Murakami published a collection of short stories titled T?ky? Kitansh?, or , which translates loosely as "Mysteries of Tokyo". A collection of the English versions of twenty-four short stories, titled Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman, was published in August 2006. This collection includes both older works from the 1980s as well as some of Murakami's more recent short stories, including all five that appear in T?ky? Kitansh?.

In 2002, Murakami published the anthology Birthday Stories, which collects short stories on the theme of birthdays. The collection includes work by Russell Banks, Ethan Canin, Raymond Carver, David Foster Wallace, Denis Johnson, Claire Keegan, Andrea Lee, Daniel Lyons, Lynda Sexson, Paul Theroux, and William Trevor, as well as a story by Murakami himself. What I Talk About When I Talk About Running, containing tales about his experience as a marathon runner and a triathlete, was published in Japan in 2007,[36] with English translations released in the U.K. and the U.S. in 2008. The title is a play on that of Raymond Carver's short story collection, What We Talk About When We Talk About Love.[37]

Shinchosha Publishing published Murakami's novel 1Q84 in Japan on May 29, 2009. 1Q84 is pronounced "ichi ky? hachi yon", the same as 1984, as 9 is also pronounced "ky?" in Japanese.[38] The book was longlisted for the Man Asian Literary Prize in 2011. However, after the 2012 anti-Japanese demonstrations in China, Murakami's books were removed from sale there, along with those of other Japanese authors.[39][40] Murakami criticized the China-Japan political territorial dispute, characterizing the overwrought nationalistic response as "cheap liquor" which politicians were giving to the public.[41] In April 2013, he published his novel Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage. It became an international best seller but received mixed reviews.[42][43]

Killing Commendatore (Kishidancho Goroshi) is Murakami's most recent work as of 2018. Published in Japan on February 24, 2017 and in the US in October 2018, the novel is a historical fiction that has caused controversy in Hong Kong. The novel was labeled under "Class II - indecent" in Hong Kong.[44] This classification led to mass amounts of censorship.[] The publisher must not distribute the book to people under the age of 18, and must have a warning label printed on the cover.

Writing style

Most of Haruki Murakami's works use first-person narrative in the tradition of the Japanese I Novel. He states that because family plays a significant role in traditional Japanese literature, any main character who is independent becomes a man who values freedom and solitude over intimacy.[26] Also notable is Murakami's unique humor, as seen in his 2000 short story collection, After the Quake. In the story "Superfrog Saves Tokyo", the protagonist is confronted with a 6-foot tall frog that talks about the destruction of Tokyo over a cup of tea. In spite of the story's sober tone, Murakami feels the reader should be entertained once the seriousness of a subject has been broached.[] Another notable feature of Murakami's stories are the comments that come from the main characters as to how strange the story presents itself. Murakami explains that his characters experience what he experiences as he writes, which could be compared to a movie set where the walls and props are all fake.[26]

Many of his novels have themes and titles that evoke classical music, such as the three books making up The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle: The Thieving Magpie (after Rossini's opera), Bird as Prophet (after a piano piece by Robert Schumann usually known in English as The Prophet Bird), and The Bird-Catcher (a character in Mozart's opera The Magic Flute). Some of his novels take their titles from songs: Dance, Dance, Dance (after The Dells' 1957 B-side song,[45][46] although it is often thought it was titled after the Beach Boys' 1964 tune), Norwegian Wood (after The Beatles' song) and South of the Border, West of the Sun (after the song "South of the Border").[47]

Some analyses see aspects of shamanism in his writing. In a 2000 article, Susan Fisher connected Japanese folk religion or Japanese shamanism with some elements of The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle,[48] such as a descent into a dry well. At an October 2013 symposium held at the University of Hawaii,[49] associate professor of Japanese Nobuko Ochner opined "there were many descriptions of traveling in a parallel world as well as characters who have some connection to shamanism"[50] in Murakami's works.

Recognition

Prizes for books

Murakami was also awarded the 2007 Kiriyama Prize for Fiction for his collection of short stories Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman, but according to the prize's official website, Murakami "declined to accept the award for reasons of personal principle".[51]

Personal prizes

In 2006, Murakami became the sixth recipient of the Franz Kafka Prize.[52]

In September 2007, he received an honorary doctorate of Letters from the University of Liège,[53] one from Princeton University in June 2008,[54] and one from Tufts University[55] in May 2014.

In January 2009, Murakami received the Jerusalem Prize, a biennial literary award given to writers whose work deals with themes of human freedom, society, politics, and government. There were protests in Japan and elsewhere against his attending the February award ceremony in Israel, including threats to boycott his work as a response against Israel's recent bombing of the Gaza. Murakami chose to attend the ceremony, but gave a speech to the gathered Israeli dignitaries harshly criticizing Israeli policies.[56] Murakami said, "Each of us possesses a tangible living soul. The system has no such thing. We must not allow the system to exploit us."[57]

In 2011, Murakami donated his EUR80,000 winnings from the International Catalunya Prize (from the Generalitat de Catalunya) to the victims of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, and to those affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Accepting the award, he said in his speech that the situation at the Fukushima plant was "the second major nuclear disaster that the Japanese people have experienced ... however, this time it was not a bomb being dropped upon us, but a mistake committed by our very own hands". According to Murakami, the Japanese people should have rejected nuclear power after having "learned through the sacrifice of the hibakusha just how badly radiation leaves scars on the world and human wellbeing".[58]

In recent years, Haruki Murakami has often been mentioned as a possible recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.[5] Nonetheless, since all nomination records are sealed for 50 years from the awarding of the prize, it is pure speculation.[59] When asked about the possibility of being awarded the Nobel Prize, Murakami responded with a laugh saying "No, I don't want prizes. That means you're finished."[5]

In October 2014, he was awarded the Welt-Literaturpreis.[60]

In April 2015, Murakami was named one of the TIME 100's most influential people. In November 2016, he was awarded the Danish Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award, an award previously won by British author JK Rowling.[61][62][63]

In 2018 he was nominated for the New Academy Prize in Literature.[64] He requested that his nomination be withdrawn, saying he wanted to "concentrate on writing, away from media attention."[65]

Archives

In 2018 Waseda University in Tokyo agreed to house the archives of Haruki Murakami, including his manuscripts, source documents and music collection. It is intended that the collection be open to scholars.[66]

Films and other adaptations

Murakami's first novel, Hear the Wind Sing (Kaze no uta o kike), was adapted by Japanese director Kazuki ?mori. The film was released in 1981 and distributed by Art Theatre Guild.[67] Naoto Yamakawa directed two short films, Attack on the Bakery (released in 1982) and A Girl, She is 100 Percent (released in 1983), based on Murakami's short stories "Bakery Attack" and "On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning", respectively.[68] Japanese director Jun Ichikawa adapted Murakami's short story "Tony Takitani" into a 75-minute feature.[69]The film played at various film festivals and was released in New York and Los Angeles on July 29, 2005. The original short story, translated into English by Jay Rubin, is available in the April 15, 2002 issue of The New Yorker, as a stand-alone book published by Cloverfield Press, and part of Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman by Knopf. In 1998, the German film The Polar Bear (German: Der Eisbär), written and directed by Granz Henman, used elements of Murakami's short story "The Second Bakery Attack" in three intersecting story lines. "The Second Bakery Attack" was also adapted as a short film in 2010,[70] directed by Carlos Cuarón, starring Kirsten Dunst.

Murakami's work was also adapted for the stage in a 2003 play entitled The Elephant Vanishes, co-produced by Britain's Complicite company and Japan's Setagaya Public Theatre. The production, directed by Simon McBurney, adapted three of Murakami's short stories and received acclaim for its unique blending of multimedia (video, music, and innovative sound design) with actor-driven physical theater (mime, dance, and even acrobatic wire work).[71] On tour, the play was performed in Japanese, with supertitle translations for European and American audiences.

Two stories from Murakami's book After The Quake – "Honey Pie" and "Superfrog Saves Tokyo" – have been adapted for the stage and directed by Frank Galati. Entitled after the quake, the play was first performed at the Steppenwolf Theatre Company in association with La Jolla Playhouse, and opened on October 12, 2007, at Berkeley Repertory Theatre.[72] In 2008, Galati also adapted and directed a theatrical version of Kafka on the Shore, which first ran at Chicago's Steppenwolf Theatre Company from September to November.[73]

On Max Richter's 2006 album Songs from Before, Robert Wyatt reads passages from Murakami's novels. In 2007, Robert Logevall adapted "All God's Children Can Dance" into a film, with a soundtrack composed by American jam band Sound Tribe Sector 9. In 2008, Tom Flint adapted "On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning" into a short film. The film was screened at the 2008 CON-CAN Movie Festival. The film was viewed, voted, and commented upon as part of the audience award for the movie festival.[74]

It was announced in July 2008 that French-Vietnamese director Tran Anh Hung would direct an adaptation of Murakami's novel Norwegian Wood.[75]The film was released in Japan on December 11, 2010.[76]

In 2010, Stephen Earnhart adapted The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle into a two-hour multimedia stage presentation. The show opened January 12, 2010, as part of the Public Theater's "Under the Radar" festival at the Ohio Theater in New York City,[77] presented in association with The Asia Society and the Baryshnikov Arts Center. The show had its world premiere at the Edinburgh International Festival on August 21, 2011.[78] The presentation incorporates live actors, video projection, traditional Japanese puppetry, and immersive soundscapes to render the surreal landscape of the original work.

"Memoranda", a 2017 video game had been inspired by several Murakami short stories, mainly from Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman and The Elephant Vanishes, and features several Murakami characters, including Mizuki Ando.[79]

In 2018, "Barn Burning" from Murakami's short story collection The Elephant Vanishes was adapted into a film titled Burning by director Lee Chang-dong.[80] The film was awarded the FIPRESCI International Critics' Prize for best film, receiving the highest score to date.[81]

Personal life

After receiving the Gunzo Award for his 1979 literary work Hear the Wind Sing, Murakami did not aspire to meet other writers.[] Aside from Sarah Lawrence's Mary Morris, whom he briefly mentions in his memoir What I Talk About When I Talk About Running alongside Joyce Carol Oates and Toni Morrison, Murakami was never a part of a community of writers, his reason being that he was a loner and was never fond of groups, schools, and literary circles.[26] When working on a book, Murakami states that he relies on his wife, who is always his first reader.[26] While he never acquainted himself with many writers, among the contemporary writers, he enjoys the work of Kazuo Ishiguro, Cormac McCarthy, Lee Child and Dag Solstad.[82] While he does not read much contemporary Japanese literature,[82] Murakami enjoys the works of Ry? Murakami and Banana Yoshimoto.[26]

Haruki Murakami is a fan of crime novels. During his high school days while living in Kobe, he would buy paperbacks from second hand book stores and learned to read English. The first book that he read in English was The Name is Archer, written by Ross Macdonald in 1955. Other writers he was interested in included Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoyevsky.[26]

Murakami also has a passion for listening to music, especially classical and jazz. When he was around 15, he began to develop an interest in jazz after attending an Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers concert in Kobe.[83] He later opened the Peter Cat, a coffeehouse and jazz bar. Murakami has said that music, like writing, is a mental journey.[26] At one time he aspired to be a musician, but because he could not play instruments well he decided to become a writer instead.[26]

In an interview with The Guardian, Murakami stated his belief that his surreal books appeal to people especially in times of turmoil and political chaos.[84] He stated that "I was so popular in the 1990s in Russia, at the time they were changing from the Soviet Union - there was big confusion, and people in confusion like my books" and "In Germany, when the Berlin Wall fell down, there was confusion - and people liked my books."[84]

Political views

Murakami claims that it is natural for China and the two Koreas to continue to feel resentment toward Japan for its wartime aggression. "Fundamentally, Japanese people tend not to have an idea that they were also assailants, and the tendency is getting clearer", he said.[85] In an interview, Murakami stated "The issue of historical understanding carries great significance, and I believe it is important that Japan makes straightforward apologies. I think that is all Japan can do - apologise until the countries say: 'We don't necessarily get over it completely, but you have apologized enough. Alright, let's leave it now."[86]

Bibliography

This is an incomplete bibliography as not all works published by Murakami in Japanese have been translated into English.[87]Kanji titles are given with Hepburn romanization. (Original titles entirely in transcribed English are given as "katakana / romaji = English".)

Novels

Original publication English publication
Title Year Title Year

Kaze no uta o kike
1979 Hear the Wind Sing 1987/2015
1973?
1973-nen no pinb?ru
1980 Pinball, 1973 1985/2015
?
Hitsuji o meguru b?ken
1982 A Wild Sheep Chase 1989

Sekai no owari to H?do-boirudo Wand?rando
1985 Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World 1991
?
Noruwei no mori
1987 Norwegian Wood 1989 (Birnbaum's translation);
2000 (Rubin's translation)

Dansu dansu dansu
1988 Dance Dance Dance 1994

Kokky? no minami, taiy? no nishi
1992 South of the Border, West of the Sun 2000
?
Nejimaki-dori kuronikuru
1994-1995 The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle 1997

Sup?toniku no koibito
1999 Sputnik Sweetheart 2001

Umibe no Kafuka
2002 Kafka on the Shore 2005
?
Afut? d?ku
2004 After Dark 2007
1Q84
Ichi-ky?-hachi-yon
2009-2010 1Q84 2011

Shikisai o motanai Tazaki Tsukuru to, kare no junrei no toshi
2013 Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage 2014

Kishidanch?-goroshi
2017 Killing Commendatore[88] 2018

Short stories

Collections

Original publication English publication
Title Year Title Year

Yume de Aimashou

1981 -- --
?
Z? no sh?metsu
(2005)[89] The Elephant Vanishes
(17 stories, 1980-1991)
1993

Kami no kodomo-tachi wa mina odoru
2000 After the Quake
(6 stories, 1999-2000)
2002
?
Mekurayanagi to nemuru onna
(2009)[90] Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
(24 stories, 1980-2005)
2006

Onna no inai otokotachi[91]
2014 Men Without Women
(7 stories, 2013-2014)
2017

List of stories

Original publication English publication
Year Title Title Collected/reprinted in
1980
Ch?goku-yuki no sur? b?to
"A Slow Boat to China" The Elephant Vanishes

Binb? na obasan no hanashi
"A 'Poor Aunt' Story" (The New Yorker, December 3, 2001) Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
1981
Ny? Y?ku tank? no higeki
"New York Mining Disaster" [1990][92] (The New Yorker, January 11, 1999)

Supaget? no toshi ni
"The Year of Spaghetti" (The New Yorker, November 21, 2005)
?100?
Shigatsu no aru hareta asa ni 100-paasento no onna no ko ni deau koto ni tsuite
"On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning" The Elephant Vanishes

Kaitsuburi
"Dabchick" Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
?
Kangar? biyori
"A Perfect Day for Kangaroos"
?
Kangar? ts?shin
"The Kangaroo Communiqué" The Elephant Vanishes
1982
Gogo no saigo no shibafu
"The Last Lawn of the Afternoon"
1983 ?
Kagami
"The Mirror" Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman

Tongari-yaki no seisui
"The Rise and Fall of Sharpie Cakes"
?
Hotaru
"Firefly"

Naya o yaku
"Barn Burning" (The New Yorker, November 2, 1992) The Elephant Vanishes
1984 ? (within )
Kani (within Yaky?j?)
"Crabs" [2003][93] Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
1979
?to 1979
"Nausea 1979"
?
Hantingu naifu = Hunting knife
"Hunting Knife" (The New Yorker, November 17, 2003)
?
Odoru kobito
"The Dancing Dwarf" The Elephant Vanishes
1985
R?d?h?zen = Lederhosen
"Lederhosen"

Pan'ya saish?geki
"The Second Bakery Attack"
?
Z? no sh?metsu
"The Elephant Vanishes" (The New Yorker, November 18, 1991)
?
Famir? afea = Family affair
"Family Affair"
1986
R?ma-teikoku no h?kai?1881-nen no Indian h?ki?Hittor? no P?rando shinnysoshite ky?f? sekai
"The Fall of the Roman Empire, the 1881 Indian Uprising, Hitler's Invasion of Poland, and the Realm of Raging Winds"
?
Nejimaki-dori to kay?bi no onnatachi
"The Wind-up Bird And Tuesday's Women" (The New Yorker, November 26, 1990)
1989
Nemuri
"Sleep" (The New Yorker, March 30, 1992)
TV?
TV p?puru = TV people[94]
"TV People" (The New Yorker, September 10, 1990)
-?
Hik?ki: arui wa kare wa ika ni shite shi o yomu y? ni hitorigoto o itta ka
"Aeroplane: Or, How He Talked to Himself as if Reciting Poetry" [1987][95] (The New Yorker, July 1, 2002) Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
-
Warera no jidai no f?kuroa: k?do shihonshugi zenshi
"A Folklore for My Generation: A Prehistory of Late-Stage Capitalism"
1990
Tonii Takitani
"Tony Takitani" (The New Yorker, April 15, 2002)
1991
Chinmoku
"The Silence" The Elephant Vanishes
?
Mado
"A Window" [1982][96]
?
Midori-iro no kemono
"The Little Green Monster"

K?ri otoko
"The Ice Man" Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
?
Hito-kui neko
"Man-Eating Cats" (The New Yorker, December 4, 2000)
1995
Mekurayanagi to, nemuru onna
"Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman" [1983][97]
1996
Nanabanme no otoko
"The Seventh Man"
1999 UFO?
UFO ga Kushiro ni oriru
"UFO in Kushiro" (The New Yorker, March 19, 2001) after the quake

Airon no aru f?kei
"Landscape with Flatiron"

Kami no kodomotachi wa mina odoru
"All God's Children Can Dance"

Tairando = Thailand
"Thailand"

Kaeru-kun, T?ky? o sukuu
"Super-Frog Saves Tokyo"
2000 ?
Hachimitsu pai
"Honey Pie" (The New Yorker, August 20, 2001)
2002
B?sudei g?ru = Birthday girl
"Birthday Girl" Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman
2005
G?zen no tabibito
"Chance Traveller"
?
Hanarei Bei = Hanalei Bay
"Hanalei Bay"

Doko de are sore ga mitsukaris? na basho de
"Where I'm Likely to Find It" (The New Yorker, May 2, 2005)
?
Hibi id? suru jinz? no katachi o shita ishi
"The Kidney-Shaped Stone That Moves Every Day"

Shinagawa saru
"A Shinagawa Monkey" (The New Yorker, February 13, 2006)
2011  -- "Town of Cats" (Excerpt from 1Q84) (The New Yorker, September 5, 2011)[98]
2013  -- "A Walk to Kobe" (Granta, issue 124, Summer 2013)[99]
 -- Murakami, Haruki (October 28, 2013). Translated by Ted Goossen. "Samsa in love". The New Yorker. 89 (34): 60-69. Men Without Women
 -- "Drive My Car"[100]
2014  -- "Yesterday" (The New Yorker, June 9, 2014)[101]
 -- "Scheherazade" (The New Yorker, October 13, 2014)[102]
2015  -- "Kino" (The New Yorker, February 23, 2015)[103]
2018  -- "Wind Cave" (The New Yorker, September 3, 2018)[104]
2019  -- "Cream" (The New Yorker, January 28, 2019)[105]
, July 2018 "Charlie Parker Plays Bossa Nova" (Granta 148, Summer 2019)[106]

Essays and nonfiction

Murakami has published more than 40 books of non-fiction. Among them are:

English publication Japanese publication
Year Title Year Title
N/A Walk, Don't Run 1981 : vs ?
W?ku donto ran = Walk, don't run: Murakami Ry? vs Murakami Haruki
N/A Rain, Burning Sun (Come Rain or Come Shine) 1990 ?
Uten Enten
N/A Portrait in Jazz 1997 ?-
P?toreito in jazu = Portrait in jazz
2000 Underground 1997
And?guraundo = Underground
1998 -underground 2
Yakusoku sareta basho de: Underground 2
N/A Portrait in Jazz 2 2001 ?- 2
P?toreito in jazu 2 = Portrait in jazz 2
2008 What I Talk About When I Talk About Running 2007 ?
Hashiru koto ni tsuite kataru toki ni boku no kataru koto
N/A It Ain't Got that Swing (If It Don't Mean a Thing) 2008
Imi ga nakereba suingu wa nai
N/A Novelist as a profession 2015 ja:
Shokugy? to shite no sh?setsuka
2016 Absolutely on Music: Conversations with Seiji Ozawa 2011
2016 Haruki Murakami Goes to Meet Hayao Kawai 1996
N/A What Is There To Do In Laos? 2015 ja:
Raos ni ittai nani ga aru to iun desuka?

Other books include:

Original publication English publication
Title Year Title Year

B?sudei sut?r?zu = Birthday stories
2002 Birthday Stories
(anthology selected and translated by Murakami,
featuring one original story later collected in Blind Willow)
2004
?
Fushigi na toshokan
2005 The Strange Library
(illustrated children's novella,
revised from his 1982 short story Toshokan kitan)[107][108]
2014

See also

References

  1. ^ Curtis Brown (2014), "Haruki Murakami now available in 50 languages" Archived 2015-02-15 at the Wayback Machine, curtisbrown.co.uk, February 27, 2014: "Following a recent Malay deal Haruki Marukami's work is now available in 50 languages worldwide."
  2. ^ Maiko, Hisada (November 1995). "Murakami Haruki". Kyoto Sangyo University. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  3. ^ McCurry, Justin, "Secrets and advice: Haruki Murakami posts first responses in agony uncle role" Archived 2016-10-14 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian, January 16, 2015.
  4. ^ Poole, Steven (September 13, 2014). "Haruki Murakami: 'I'm an outcast of the Japanese literary world'". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on December 22, 2016. Retrieved 2016. Murakami doesn't read many of his Japanese contemporaries. Does he feel detached from his home scene? "It's a touchy topic", he says, chuckling. "I'm a kind of outcast of the Japanese literary world. I have my own readers ... But critics, writers, many of them don't like me." Why is that? "I have no idea! I have been writing for 35 years and from the beginning up to now the situation's almost the same. I'm kind of an ugly duckling. Always the duckling, never the swan."
  5. ^ a b c Kelts, Roland (October 16, 2012). "The Harukists, Disappointed". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ a b Endelstein, Wendy, What Haruki Murakami talks about when he talks about writing Archived 2008-10-26 at the Wayback Machine, UC Berkeley News, October 15, 2008, accessed August 12, 2014.
  7. ^ Poole, Steven (May 27, 2000). "Tunnel vision". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2009.
  8. ^ "Murakami Asahido", Shincho-sha,1984
  9. ^ a b c d e Brown, Mick (August 15, 2003). "Tales of the unexpected". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on October 3, 2003. Retrieved 2008.
  10. ^ Tandon, Shaun (March 27, 2006). "The loneliness of Haruki Murakami". iAfrica. Archived from the original on December 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  11. ^ Rubin, Jay (2002). Haruki Murakami and the Music of Words. Harvill Press. p. 14. ISBN 1-86046-986-8.
  12. ^ Naparstek, Ben (June 24, 2006). "The lone wolf". The Age. Melbourne. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  13. ^ Li, Gabriel (2019-05-13). "Japanese Writer Haruki Murakami Speaks Up on His Family's Involvement in the Sino-Japanese War". Pandaily. Retrieved .
  14. ^ a b c Williams, Richard, "Marathon man" Archived 2017-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian, May 17, 2003.
  15. ^ Gewertz, Ken (December 1, 2005). "Murakami is explorer of imagination". Harvard Gazette. Archived from the original on May 6, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  16. ^ Goodwin, Liz C. (November 3, 2005). "Translating Murakami". Harvard Crimson. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  17. ^ Nakanishi, Wendy Jones (May 8, 2006). "Nihilism or Nonsense? The Postmodern Fiction of Martin Amis and Haruki Murakami". Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies. Archived from the original on December 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  18. ^ Naparstek, Ben (July 1, 2006). "The enemy within". Financial Times. Tokyo, Japan. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "Nobody pounded the table anymore, nobody threw their cups". The Observer. London. July 27, 2008. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved 2008.
  20. ^ Houpt, Simon (August 1, 2008). "The loneliness of the long-distance writer". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  21. ^ Murakami, Haruki (July 8, 2007). "Jazz Messenger". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 13, 2011. Retrieved 2008.
  22. ^ Murakami, Haruki (Winter 1994). "Interview with John Wesley Harding". BOMB Magazine. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  23. ^ Phelan, Stephen (February 5, 2005). "Dark master of a dream world". The Age. Melbourne. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  24. ^ Grossekathöfer, Maik (February 20, 2008). "When I Run I Am in a Peaceful Place". Spiegel. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  25. ^ Grossekathöfer, Maik. "Interview with Haruki Murakami: 'When I Run I Am in a Peaceful Place'". www.spiegel.de. Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on 2017-07-05. Retrieved .
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Wray, John (Summer 2004). "Haruki Murakami, The Art of Fiction No. 182". The Paris Review (170). Archived from the original on May 31, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ Devereaux, Elizabeth (September 21, 1991). "PW Interviews: Haruki Murakami". Publishers Weekly.
  28. ^ Hegarty, Stephanie (2011-10-17). "How did Murakami conquer the world?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-04-17. Retrieved .
  29. ^ Ellis, Jonathan; Hirabayashi, Mitoko (2005). "'In Dreams Begins Responsibility': An Interview with Haruki Murakami" (PDF). The Georgia Review. Georgia. 59: 548-567. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ Anderson, Sam (2011-10-21). "The Fierce Imagination of Haruki Murakami". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2018-03-14. Retrieved .
  31. ^ Murakami, Haruki (May 3, 2013). "Boston, From One Citizen of the World Who Calls Himself a Runner". The New Yorker. New York. Archived from the original on May 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  32. ^ "Haruki Murakami congratulated on Nobel Prize - only, he hadn't won it". Japan News Review. July 5, 2007. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  33. ^ Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Irmela (January 10, 2014). "Orchestrating Translations: The Case of Murakami Haruki". Nippon Communications Foundation. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  34. ^ World Fantasy Convention (2010). "Award Winners and Nominees". Archived from the original on December 1, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  35. ^ "100 Notable Books of the Year - 2007". The New York Times. 2007-12-02. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2009-04-11. Retrieved .
  36. ^ "Haruki Murakami hard at work on 'horror' novel". ABC News. April 9, 2008. Archived from the original on April 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  37. ^ Alastair Campbell (July 26, 2008). "Review: What I Talk About When I Talk About Running by Haruki Murakami". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved 2011.
  38. ^ "Murakami round-up: ichi kyu hachi yon". Meanjin. August 6, 2009. Archived from the original on October 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  39. ^ "Japan-related books disappear in Beijing; Chinese demand pay hikes from Japanese employers". Asahi shimbun. September 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  40. ^ "What is behind the anti-Japanese protests in China?". Voice of Russia. September 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012.[permanent dead link]
  41. ^ "Author Murakami wades into Japan-China island row". AFP. Hindustan Times. September 28, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. Retrieved .
  42. ^ Lawson, Mark (August 6, 2014). "Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage by Haruki Murakami - review". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  43. ^ Smith, Patti (August 10, 2014). "Deep Chords: Haruki Murakami's 'Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  44. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/25/haruki-murakami-novel-indecent-hong-kong-censors-killing-commendatore
  45. ^ Slocombe, Will (2004), "Haruki Murakami and the Ethics of Translation" Archived 2016-09-19 at the Wayback Machine (doi: 10.7771/1481-4374.1232), CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture (ISSN 1481-4374), Purdue University Press, Vol. 6, Nr. 2, p. 5.
  46. ^ Chozick, Matthew Richard (2008), "De-Exoticizing Haruki Murakami's Reception" (doi: 10.1353/cls.0.0012), Comparative Literature Studies (ISSN 0010-4132), Pennsylvania State University Press, Vol. 45, Nr. 1, p. 67.
  47. ^ Chozick, Matthew (August 29, 2007). "The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle". The Literary Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on January 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  48. ^ Fisher, Susan (2000). "An Allegory of Return: Murakami Haruki's the Wind-up Bird Chronicle" (JSTOR), Comparative Literature Studies, Vol. 37, No. 2 (2000), pp. 155-170.
  49. ^ "Traveling Texts: Reading Haruki Murakami Across East Asia" Archived 2014-08-12 at the Wayback Machine at University of Hawai'i, M?noa.
  50. ^ "Haruki Murakami's themes of disaffected youth resonate with his East Asian fans". Asahi Shimbun AJW. December 15, 2013. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  51. ^ "2007 Kiriyama Price Winners". Pacific Rim Voices. 2007. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  52. ^ "Japan's Murakami wins Kafka prize". CBC News. October 30, 2006. Archived from the original on December 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  53. ^ "Presse et Communication". Université de Liège. July 5, 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  54. ^ Dienst, Karin (June 3, 2008). "Princeton awards five honorary degrees". Princeton University. Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  55. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients 2014" Archived 2014-05-22 at the Wayback Machine, Tufts University, May 18, 2014.
  56. ^ "Haruki Murakami: The novelist in wartime". Salon.com. February 20, 2009. Archived from the original on May 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
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  58. ^ Flood, Alison (June 13, 2011). "Murakami laments Japan's nuclear policy". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  59. ^ "Nomination Facts". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on January 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  60. ^ Kämmerlings, Richard (October 3, 2014). "Haruki Murakami erhält "Welt"-Literaturpreis 2014". Die Welt (in German). Archived from the original on October 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  61. ^ Silas Bay Nielsen. "Japansk stjerneforfatter får Danmarks største litteraturpris". DR (in Danish). Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved .
  62. ^ "En halv million: Japansk succesforfatter får HCA-litteraturpris". fyens.dk (in Danish). Archived from the original on 2015-11-26. Retrieved .
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  64. ^ Löfgren, Emma (29 August 2018). "Four writers shortlisted for 'the new Nobel Literature Prize'". The Local. Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 2018.
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  66. ^ "Writer Haruki Murakami plans archive at Japanese university". The Times of India. 5 November 2018. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 2018.
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  71. ^ Billington, Michael (June 30, 2003). "The Elephant Vanishes". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on May 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  72. ^ "after the quake". Berkeley Repertory Theatre. 2007. Archived from the original on April 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
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  75. ^ Gray, Jason (2008). Tran to adapt Norwegian Wood for Asmik Ace, Fuji TV Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine, Screen Daily.com article retrieved August 1, 2008.
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  78. ^ "Dreams within dreams: A haunting vision of Haruki Murakami's "The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle"". The Economist. August 27, 2011. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  79. ^ Webster, Andrew, "Memoranda is a surreal adventure game inspired by the stories of Haruki Murakami" Archived 2017-09-13 at the Wayback Machine, The Verge, January 11, 2017.
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  81. ^ Herald, The Korea (2018-05-20). "'Burning' gets critics' approval with Fipresci prize at Cannes". Archived from the original on 2018-05-30. Retrieved .
  82. ^ a b Poole, Steven (2014-09-13). "Haruki Murakami: 'I'm an outcast of the Japanese literary world'". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 2018-06-21. Retrieved .
  83. ^ Murakami, Haruki, "Jazz Messenger" Archived 2017-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, July 8, 2007.
  84. ^ a b Burkeman, Oliver (2018-10-10). "Haruki Murakami: 'You have to go through the darkness before you get to the light'". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved .
  85. ^ "Murakami chides Japan for ignoring role in WWII, Fukushima disaster". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 2017-03-06. Retrieved .
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  87. ^ "Source". Geocities.jp. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  88. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  89. ^ The Elephant Vanishes was first a 1993 English-language compilation, whose Japanese counterpart was released in 2005. (See also the collection's article ja:? ? 1980-1991 in Japanese.)
  90. ^ Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman was first a 2006 English-language compilation, whose Japanese counterpart was released in 2009. (See also the collection's article ja:? () in Japanese.)
  91. ^ "Murakami's new book hits shelves amid fan frenzy; more ordered" Archived 2015-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, The Japan Times, April 18, 2014.
  92. ^ A longer version of "New York Mining Disaster" (, Ny? Y?ku tank? no higeki) was first published in magazine in 1981, then a shorter revised version collected in 1990. (See also ja: (?) in Japanese.)
  93. ^ The short story "Crabs" (?, Kani) was first published nested within the untranslated story "Baseball Field" (, Yaky?j?) in 1984, then cut out and revised for separate publication in 2003. See also: Daniel Morales (2008), "Murakami Haruki B-Sides" Archived 2014-12-25 at the Wayback Machine, Néojaponisme, May 12, 2008: "Thus begins "Baseball Field" [1984], one of Haruki Murakami's lesser-known short stories. Part of the story was extracted, edited and expanded into "Crabs", published in Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman, but the entirety has never been published in English. The young man in the story is at a café with Murakami himself. He mailed Murakami one of his short stories (the content of which the real-life Murakami later turned into "Crabs"), and Murakami, charmed by the young man's interesting handwriting and somewhat impressed with the story itself, read all 70 pages and sent him a letter of suggestions. "Baseball Field" tells the story of their subsequent meeting over coffee."
  94. ^ This story originally appeared in a magazine under the longer title TV? (TV p?puru no gyakush?, literally "The TV People Strike Back") but received this shorter final title for all further appearances. (See also ja:TV? in Japanese.)
  95. ^ An earlier version of "Aeroplane" was published in 1987, then this rewritten version published in 1989. (See also ja:-? in Japanese.)
  96. ^ An earlier version of "A Window" (?, Mado) was first published in a magazine in 1982 under the title "Do You Like Burt Bacharach?" (, B?to Bakarakku wa o suki?), then this rewritten version was published in 1991.
  97. ^ "Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman" was first published in 1983 as a different version (whose title didn't bear a comma), then rewritten in 1995 (taking its final title). (See also the story's article ja:? in Japanese.)
  98. ^ Murakami, Haruki, "Town of Cats" Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, September 5, 2011.
  99. ^ Murakami, Haruki, "A Walk to Kobe" Archived 2013-09-11 at the Wayback Machine, Granta, issue 123, Summer 2013.
  100. ^ Liz Bury (8 November 2013). "Haruki Murakami gets back to the Beatles in new short story". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  101. ^ Murakami, Haruki, "Yesterday" Archived 2014-07-02 at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, June 9, 2014.
  102. ^ Murakami, Haruki, "Scheherazade" Archived 2014-10-18 at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, October 13, 2014.
  103. ^ Murakami, Haruki, "Kino" Archived 2015-02-17 at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, February 23, 2015.
  104. ^ Murakami, Haruki, [1] Archived 2019-01-21 at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, September 3, 2018.
  105. ^ Murakami, Haruki, [2] Archived 2019-02-06 at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, January 28, 2019.
  106. ^ "Charlie Parker Plays Bossa Nova". Granta Magazine. 2019-08-01. Retrieved .
  107. ^ Strange Library Archived 2014-12-01 at the Wayback Machine at The Complete Review.
  108. ^ Peschel, Joseph, "Book review: 'The Strange Library', by Haruki Murakami" Archived 2018-04-25 at the Wayback Machine, The Washington Post, December 16, 2014.

Further reading

  • Pintor, Ivan. "David Lynch y Haruki Murakami, la llama en el umbral", in: VV.AA., Universo Lynch. Internacional Sitges Film Festival-Calamar, 2007 (ISBN 84-96235-16-5)
  • Rubin, Jay. Haruki Murakami and the Music of Words. Harvill Press, 2002 (ISBN 1-86046-952-3)
  • Strecher, Matthew Carl. The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle Readers Guide. Continuum Pubublishing Group, 2002 (ISBN 0-8264-5239-6)
  • Strecher, Matthew Carl. Dances with Sheep: The Quest for Identity in the Fiction of Murakami Haruki. University of Michigan/Monographs in Japanese Studies, 2001 (ISBN 1-929280-07-6)
  • Suter, Rebecca. The Japanization of Modernity: Murakami Haruki Between Japan and the United States. Harvard University Asian Center, 2008. (ISBN 978-0-674-02833-3)

External links

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