Hanifi Rohingya Script
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Hanifi Rohingya script
[1]
Rohingya.png
Type
Alphabet
LanguagesRohingya language
CreatorMohammad Hanif
Created1980s
DirectionRight-to-left
ISO 15924Rohg, 167
Unicode alias
Hanifi Rohingya
U+10D00-U+10D3F

The Hanifi Rohingya script is a unified script for the Rohingya language. Rohingya was first written in the 19th century with a version of the Perso-Arabic script. In 1975, an orthographic Arabic script was developed, based on the Urdu alphabet.

In the 1980s, Mohammad Hanif and his colleagues created the suitable phonetic script based on Arabic letters; it has been compared to the N'ko script. The script also includes a set of decimal numbers.[1][2]

Characters

Letters
? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ?
Vowels
? ? ? ? ? ?
?
Numerals
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Alphabet and pronunciation

Consonants

Character [3] ! Name Final Medial Pronunciation Unicode [4]
? A ? /?/, /?/ U+10D00
? BA /b/ U+10D01
? TA /t/ U+10D03
? TTA /?/ U+10D04
? JA ? /?/ U+10D05
? CA ? /c/ U+10D06
? HA /h/ U+10D07
? KHA /x/ U+10D08
? FA /f/ U+10D09
? PA /p/ U+10D02
? DA /d/ U+10D0A
? DDA ? /?/ U+10D0B
? RA ? /?/ U+10D0C
? RRA ? /?/ U+10D0D
? ZA ? /z/ U+10D0E
? SA /s/ U+10D0F
? SHA /?/ U+10D10
? KA ? /k/ U+10D11
? GA /g/ U+10D12
? LA /l/ U+10D13
? MA /m/ U+10D14
? NA ? /n/ U+10D15
? WA /?/, /v/ U+10D16
? KINNA WA /u/ U+10D17
? YA ? /j/ U+10D18
? KINNA YA /i/ U+10D19
? NGA = gan ? /?/ U+10D1A
? NYA = nayya ? /?/ U+10D1B
? VA /v/ U+10D1C

Vowels

Character Name Transliteration Pronunciation Unicode Character Name Type IPA Unicode
? aa-for A /a/ U+10D1D ? Ttura/Les Vowel silencer /s/ U+10D22
? i-for I /i/ U+10D1E ? Na-Khonna Nasalization mark /h/ U+10D23
? u-for U /u/ U+10D1F Harbai Tone signs: short high tone /h?rb?y/ U+10D24
? e-for E /e/ U+10D20 Tela Tone signs: long falling tone /?el?/ U+10D25
? o-for O /o/ U+10D21 Tana Tone signs: long rising tone /n?/ U+10D26
Tossi Germination sign /tossi/ U+10D27

Numerals

Name sifir ek dui tin sair fañs so hañt añctho no
Digit ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Unicode U+10D30 U+10D31 U+10D32 U+10D33 U+10D34 U+10D35 U+10D36 U+10D37 U+10D38 U+10D39

Unicode

The Hanifi Rohingya script was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2018 with the release of version 11.0. Proposals to include it in Unicode were written by linguist Anshuman Pandey.[5]

The Unicode block for Hanifi Rohingya is U+10D00-U+10D3F and contains 50 characters:[6]

Hanifi Rohingya[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+10D0x 𐴀 𐴁 𐴂 𐴃 𐴄 𐴅 𐴆 𐴇 𐴈 𐴉 𐴊 𐴋 𐴌 𐴍 𐴎 𐴏
U+10D1x 𐴐 𐴑 𐴒 𐴓 𐴔 𐴕 𐴖 𐴗 𐴘 𐴙 𐴚 𐴛 𐴜 𐴝 𐴞 𐴟
U+10D2x 𐴠 𐴡 𐴢 𐴣 𐴤 𐴥 𐴦 𐴧
U+10D3x 𐴰 𐴱 𐴲 𐴳 𐴴 𐴵 𐴶 𐴷 𐴸 𐴹
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 13.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

Fonts

Google's Noto Sans has developed a Rohingya script font called Noto Sans Hanifi Rohingya. Download here: Noto Sans Rohingya

Keyboard

Layout of the Rohingya virtual keyboard.

A virtual keyboard was developed by Google for the Rohingya language in 2019 and allows users to type directly in the Rohingya script. The Rohingya Unicode keyboard layout can be found here.

References

  1. ^ a b "Rohingya alphabets, pronunciation and language". Omniglot. Simon Ager. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ James, Ian (5 July 2012). "Hanifi alphabet for Rohingya". Sky Knowledge. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ This table can be viewed correctly using Firefox and the font Noto Sans Rohingya.
  4. ^ "Unicode 11.0.0". Unicode Consortium.
  5. ^ Pandey, Anshuman (27 October 2015). "Proposal to encode the Hanifi Rohingya script in Unicode" (PDF). The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "Unicode 11.0.0". Unicode Consortium. 5 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.



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