Hangul Consonant and Vowel Tables
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Hangul Consonant and Vowel Tables

The following tables of consonants and vowels of the Korean alphabet (jamo) display the basic forms in blue in the first row, and their derivatives in the following rows. They are separated into tables of initials, vowels and finals.

Jamo are romanized according to the Revised Romanization's transliteration rules. Thus, the table should not be used for normal transcription of Korean language, as sound changes must be observed.

Leading consonants (choseong)

Basic jamo Hangul ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized g/k n d r/l m b s -/ng j ch k t p h
Composite jamo Hangul ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized kk tt pp ss jj

Medial vowels (jungseong)

Basic +i
Basic Hangul ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized a eo o u eu i ae e oe wi ui
y+ Hangul ? ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized ya yeo yo yu yae ye
w+ Hangul ? ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized wa wo oe wi wae we

Trailing consonants (jongseong)

Basic jamo Hangul ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized g n d r/l m b s ng j ch k t p h
Composite jamo Hangul ? ? ? ? ?
Romanized kk nj lg bs ss
Hangul ? ? ?
Romanized gs nh lm
Hangul ?
Romanized lb
Hangul ?
Romanized ls
Hangul ?
Romanized lt
Hangul ?
Romanized lp
Hangul ?
Romanized lh

Collation

Several collation sequences are used to order words. The first sequence is official in South Korea (and is the basic binary order of codepoints in Unicode); sequences of the second type are common in North Korea, differing on the treatment of composite jamo consonants in syllable-leading (choseong) and -trailing (jongseong) position, and on the treatment of composite jamo vowels in syllable-medial (jungseong) position.

South Korean collation
Principle Sort every composite jamo grouped after their leading single jamo
Consonants

? (?) ? ? (?) ? ? ? (?) ? (?) ? ? (?) ? ? ? ? ?

Vowels

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

North Korean collation
Principle Sort all single jamo (except leading ieung) before all composite jamo and leading ieung
Consonants

? ? ? ? ? ? ? -? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?-

Vowels

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Consonant letters' names

Variants are given in brackets.

Consonants South Korean names North Korean names
Hangul Romanized Hangul Romanized Hangul Romanized
? g giyeok gieuk
? kk ssanggiyeok doengieuk
? n nieun nieun
? d digeut dieut
? tt ssangdikeut doendieut
? r, l rieul rieul
? m mieum mieum
? b bieup bieup
? pp ssangbieup doenbieup
? s siot sieut
? ss ssangsiot doensieut
? -, -ng ieung ieung
? j jieut jieut
? jj ssangjieut doenjieut
? ch chieut chieut
? k kieuk kieuk
? t tieut tieut
? p pieup pieup
? h hieut hieut

Consonant names in the 15th century seem to have ended in a vowel (without adding the last consonant repeating a shortened version of the initial), judging from 1451 Hunmin Jeongeum Eonhae's forms such as "", which may have been pronounced geuneun.

Hangul syllables

Below are 19 tables of 28×21 syllables. Altogether there are 11,172 (19×21×28) possible syllables, found in the Hangul Syllables Unicode block (U+AC00–U+D7AF). These possible syllables are not all in use. Jump to tables with initial letter:

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Hangul_consonant_and_vowel_tables
 



 



 
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