Hammer Throw
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Hammer Throw

Athletics
Hammer throw
John Flanagan.jpg
Irish-born American John Flanagan in the hammer throw competition at the Summer Olympics 1908 in London
World records
MenSoviet Union Yuriy Sedykh 86.74 m (1986)
WomenPoland Anita W?odarczyk 82.98 m (2016)
Olympic records
MenSoviet Union Sergey Litvinov 84.80 m (1988)
WomenPoland Anita W?odarczyk 82.29 m (2016)
Scottish hammer throw illustration from Frank R.Stockton's book "Round-about Rambles in Lands of Fact and Fancy"
The traditional Highland games version of event
The contemporary version of the hammer throw
World Athletics Championships 2007 in Osaka - Victory Ceremony for Hammer Throw with winner Ivan Tsikhan (middle)

The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin. The "hammer" used in this sport is not like any of the tools also called by that name. It consists of a metal ball attached by a steel wire to a grip. The size of the ball varies between men's and women's competitions (see Competition section below for details).

Men's Hammer Throw Final - 28th Summer Universiade 2015
Safety net for hammer throw

History

With roots dating back to the 15th century, the contemporary version of the hammer throw is one of the oldest of Olympic Games competitions, first included at the 1900 games in Paris, France (the second Olympiad of the modern era). Its history since the late 1960s and legacy prior to inclusion in the Olympics have been dominated by European and Eastern European influence, which has affected interest in the event in other parts of the world.

The hammer evolved from its early informal origins to become part of the Scottish Highland games in the late 18th century, where the original version of the event is still contested today.

While the men's hammer throw has been part of the Olympics since 1900, the International Association of Athletics Federations did not start ratifying women's marks until 1995. Women's hammer throw was first included in the Olympics at the 2000 summer games in Sydney, Australia, after having been included in the World Championships a year earlier.

Competition

The men's hammer weighs 16 pounds (7.26 kg) and measures 3 feet  inches (121.3 cm) in length, and the women's hammer weighs 8.82 lb (4 kg) and 3 ft 11 in (119.4 cm) in length.[1] Like the other throwing events, the competition is decided by who can throw the implement the farthest.

Although commonly thought of as a strength event, technical advancements in the last 30 years have evolved hammer throw competition to a point where more focus is on speed in order to gain maximum distance.

The throwing motion involves about two swings from stationary position, then three, four or very rarely five rotations of the body in circular motion using a complicated heel-toe movement of the foot. The ball moves in a circular path, gradually increasing in velocity with each turn with the high point of the hammer ball toward the target sector and the low point at the back of the circle. The thrower releases the ball at the side of the circle as the hammer's velocity tends upward and toward the target.

As of 2015 the men's hammer world record is held by Yuriy Sedykh, who threw 86.74 m (284 ft  in) at the 1986 European Athletics Championships in Stuttgart, West Germany on 30 August.

The world record for the women's hammer is held by Anita W?odarczyk, who threw 82.98 m (272 ft  in) during the Kamila Skolimowska Memorial on 28 August 2016.

All-time top 25 hammer throwers

Men

  • Updated August 2015
Rank Mark Athlete Location Date Ref
1 86.74 m (284 ft  in)  Yuriy Sedykh (URS) Stuttgart 30 August 1986
2 86.04 m (282 ft  in)  Sergey Litvinov (URS) Dresden 3 July 1986
3 84.90 m (278 ft  in)  Vadim Devyatovskiy (BLR) Minsk 21 July 2005
4 84.86 m (278 ft  in)  Koji Murofushi (JPN) Prague 29 June 2003
5 84.62 m (277 ft  in)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR) Seville 6 June 1992
6 84.51 m (277 ft 3 in)  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) Grodno 9 July 2008
7 84.48 m (277 ft  in)  Igor Nikulin (URS) Lausanne 12 July 1990
8 84.40 m (276 ft  in)  Jüri Tamm (URS) Banská Bystrica 9 September 1984
9 84.19 m (276 ft  in)  Adrián Annus (HUN) Szombathely 10 August 2003
10 83.93 m (275 ft  in)  Pawe? Fajdek (POL) Szczecin 9 August 2015 [2]
11 83.68 m (274 ft  in)  Tibor Gécsek (HUN) Zalaegerszeg 19 September 1998
12 83.46 m (273 ft  in)  Andrey Abduvaliyev (URS) Sochi 26 May 1990
13 83.43 m (273 ft  in)  Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS) Adler 10 February 2002
14 83.40 m (273 ft  in)  Ralf Haber (DDR) Athens 16 May 1988
15 83.38 m (273 ft  in)  Szymon Zió?kowski (POL) Edmonton 5 August 2001
16 83.30 m (273 ft  in)  Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN) Lahti 14 July 2004
17 83.04 m (272 ft  in)  Heinz Weis (DEU) Frankfurt 29 June 1997
18 83.00 m (272 ft  in)  Balázs Kiss (HUN) Saint-Denis 4 June 1998
19 82.78 m (271 ft 7 in)  Karsten Kobs (DEU) Dortmund 26 June 1999
20 82.69 m (271 ft  in)  Krisztián Pars (HUN) Zürich 16 August 2014
21 82.64 m (271 ft  in)  Günther Rodehau (DDR) Dresden 3 August 1985
22 82.62 m (271 ft  in)  Sergey Kirmasov (RUS) Zalaegerszeg 30 May 1998
82.62 m (271 ft  in)  Andriy Skvaruk (UKR) Kyiv 27 April 2002
24 82.58 m (270 ft 11 in)  Primo? Kozmus (SVN) Celje 2 September 2009
25 82.54 m (270 ft  in)  Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS) Krasnodar 13 May 1992

Notes

Below is a list of all other throws equal or superior to 86.50 m:

  • Yuriy Sedykh 86.66 (1986). Sedykh also threw 86.68 and 86.62 ancillary marks during world record competition.

Non-legal marks

  • Ivan Tsikhan of Belarus also threw 86.73 on 3 July 2005 in Brest, but this performance was annulled due to drugs disqualification.

Women

  • Correct as of September 2019.[3]
Rank Mark Athlete Date Location Ref
1 82.98 m (272 ft  in)  Anita W?odarczyk (POL) 28 August 2016 Warsaw [4]
2 79.42 m (260 ft  in)  Betty Heidler (GER) 21 May 2011 Halle
3 78.51 m (257 ft  in)  Tatyana Lysenko (RUS) 5 July 2012 Cheboksary
4 78.24 m (256 ft  in)  DeAnna Price (USA) 27 July 2019 Des Moines [5]
5 77.78 m (255 ft 2 in)  Gwen Berry (USA) 8 June 2018 Chorzów [6]
6 77.68 m (254 ft  in)  Wang Zheng (CHN) 29 March 2014 Chengdu
7 77.33 m (253 ft  in)  Zhang Wenxiu (CHN) 28 September 2014 Incheon
8 77.32 m (253 ft 8 in)  Aksana Miankova (BLR) 29 June 2008 Minsk
9 77.26 m (253 ft  in)  Gulfiya Agafonova (RUS) 12 June 2006 Tula
10 77.13 m (253 ft  in)  Oksana Kondratyeva (RUS) 30 June 2013 Zhukovskiy
11 76.90 m (252 ft  in)  Martina Hra?nová (SVK) 16 May 2009 Trnava
12 76.85 m (252 ft  in)  Malwina Kopron (POL) 26 August 2017 Taipei City [7]
13 76.83 m (252 ft  in)  Kamila Skolimowska (POL) 11 May 2007 Doha
14 76.75 m (251 ft  in)  Brooke Andersen (USA) 2 June 2019 Rathdrum [8]
15 76.72 m (251 ft  in)  Mariya Bespalova (RUS) 23 June 2012 Zhukovsky
16 76.66 m (251 ft 6 in)  Volha Tsander (BLR) 23 June 2006 Minsk
17 76.63 m (251 ft  in)  Yekaterina Khoroshikh (RUS) 23 June 2006 Zhukovsky
18 76.62 m (251 ft  in)  Yipsi Moreno (CUB) 9 September 2008 Zagreb
19 76.56 m (251 ft 2 in)  Alena Matoshka (BLR) 12 June 2012 Minsk
20 76.35 m (250 ft  in)  Joanna Fiodorow (POL) 28 September 2019 Doha [9]
21 76.33 m (250 ft 5 in)  Darya Pchelnik (BLR) 29 June 2008 Minsk
22 76.26 m (250 ft  in)  Hanna Malyshik (BLR) 27 April 2018 Brest
23 76.21 m (250 ft  in)  Yelena Konevtseva (RUS) 26 May 2007 Sochi
24 76.17 m (249 ft  in)  Anna Bulgakova (RUS) 24 July 2013 Moscow
25 76.07 m (249 ft  in)  Mihaela Melinte (ROU) 29 August 1999 Rüdlingen

Notes

Below is a list of all other throws equal or superior to 78.00 m:

  • Anita W?odarczyk also threw 82.87 (2017), 82.29 (2016), 81.77 (2016), 81.74 (2016), 81.63 (2017), 81.27 (2016), 81.08 (2015), 80.85 (2015), 80.79 (2017), 80.73 (2017), 80.69 (2017), 80.42 (2017), 80.40 (2016), 80.31 (2016), 80.26 (2016), 79.80 (2017), 79.73 (2017), 79.72 (2017), 79.68 (2016 & 2017), 79.67 (2016), 79.63 (2017), 79.62 (2016), 79.61 (2016), 79.59 (2018), 79.58 (2016), 79.48 (2016), 79.45 (2016), 79.39 (2016), 79.27 (2017), 79.23 (2017), 79.07 (2017), 79.06 (2017), 78.94 (2018), 78.76 (2014), 78.74 (2018), 78.69 (2016), 78.59 (2017), 78.55 (2018), 78.54 (2016), 78.52 (2017), 78.46 (2013), 78.35 (2017), 78.30 (2010), 78.28 (2015), 78.24 (2015), 78.22 (2013), 78.17 (2014), 78.16 (2015), 78.14 (2016), 78.10 (2016) and 78.00 (2017).
  • Betty Heidler also threw 78.07 (2012) and 78.00 (2014).
  • DeAnna Price also threw 78.12 (2018).

Non-legal marks

The following athletes had their performances (over 77.00 m) annulled due to doping offences:

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
John Flanagan
 United States
Truxtun Hare
 United States
Josiah McCracken
 United States
1904 St. Louis
details
John Flanagan
 United States
John DeWitt
 United States
Ralph Rose
 United States
1908 London
details
John Flanagan
 United States
Matt McGrath
 United States
Con Walsh
 Canada
1912 Stockholm
details
Matt McGrath
 United States
Duncan Gillis
 Canada
Clarence Childs
 United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Patrick Ryan
 United States
Carl Johan Lind
 Sweden
Basil Bennett
 United States
1924 Paris
details
Fred Tootell
 United States
Matt McGrath
 United States
Malcolm Nokes
 Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Pat O'Callaghan
 Ireland
Ossian Skiöld
 Sweden
Edmund Black
 United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Pat O'Callaghan
 Ireland
Ville Pörhölä
 Finland
Peter Zaremba
 United States
1936 Berlin
details
Karl Hein
 Germany
Erwin Blask
 Germany
Fred Warngård
 Sweden
1948 London
details
Imre Németh
 Hungary
Ivan Gubijan
 Yugoslavia
Robert Bennett
 United States
1952 Helsinki
details
József Csermák
 Hungary
Karl Storch
 Germany
Imre Németh
 Hungary
1956 Melbourne
details
Hal Connolly
 United States
Mikhail Krivonosov
 Soviet Union
Anatoliy Samotsvetov
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Vasily Rudenkov
 Soviet Union
Gyula Zsivótzky
 Hungary
Tadeusz Rut
 Poland
1964 Tokyo
details
Romuald Klim
 Soviet Union
Gyula Zsivótzky
 Hungary
Uwe Beyer
 United Team of Germany
1968 Mexico City
details
Gyula Zsivótzky
 Hungary
Romuald Klim
 Soviet Union
Lázár Lovász
 Hungary
1972 Munich
details
Anatoliy Bondarchuk
 Soviet Union
Jochen Sachse
 East Germany
Vasiliy Khmelevskiy
 Soviet Union
1976 Montreal
details
Yuriy Sedykh
 Soviet Union
Aleksey Spiridonov
 Soviet Union
Anatoliy Bondarchuk
 Soviet Union
1980 Moscow
details
Yuriy Sedykh
 Soviet Union
Sergey Litvinov
 Soviet Union
Jüri Tamm
 Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Juha Tiainen
 Finland
Karl-Hans Riehm
 West Germany
Klaus Ploghaus
 West Germany
1988 Seoul
details
Sergey Litvinov
 Soviet Union
Yuriy Sedykh
 Soviet Union
Jüri Tamm
 Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Andrey Abduvaliyev
 Unified Team
Igor Astapkovich
 Unified Team
Igor Nikulin
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Balázs Kiss
 Hungary
Lance Deal
 United States
Oleksandr Krykun
 Ukraine
2000 Sydney
details
Szymon Zió?kowski
 Poland
Nicola Vizzoni
 Italy
Igor Astapkovich
 Belarus
2004 Athens
details
Koji Murofushi
 Japan
Not awarded[10] E?ref Apak
 Turkey
2008 Beijing
details
Primo? Kozmus
 Slovenia
Vadim Devyatovskiy
 Belarus[11]
Ivan Tsikhan
 Belarus[11]
2012 London
details
Krisztián Pars
 Hungary
Primo? Kozmus
 Slovenia
Koji Murofushi
 Japan
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Dilshod Nazarov
 Tajikistan
Ivan Tsikhan
 Belarus
Wojciech Nowicki
 Poland

Women

World Championships medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Sergey Litvinov (URS)  Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Zdzis?aw Kwa?ny (POL)
1987 Rome
details
 Sergey Litvinov (URS)  Jüri Tamm (URS)  Ralf Haber (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Igor Astapkovich (URS)  Heinz Weis (GER)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR)  Tibor Gécsek (HUN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR)  Tibor Gécsek (HUN)
1997 Athens
details
 Heinz Weis (GER)  Andriy Skvaruk (UKR)  Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS)
1999 Seville
details
 Karsten Kobs (GER)  Zsolt Németh (HUN)  Vladyslav Piskunov (UKR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Koji Murofushi (JPN)  Ilya Konovalov (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)  Adrián Annus (HUN)  Koji Murofushi (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Markus Esser (GER)  Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)  Primo? Kozmus (SLO)  Libor Charfreitag (SVK)
2009 Berlin
details
 Primo? Kozmus (SLO)  Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS)
2011 Daegu
details
 Koji Murofushi (JPN)  Krisztián Pars (HUN)  Primo? Kozmus (SLO)
2013 Moscow
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Krisztián Pars (HUN)  Luká? Melich (CZE)
2015 Beijing
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Dilshod Nazarov (TJK)  Wojciech Nowicki (POL)
2017 London
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Valeriy Pronkin (ANA)  Wojciech Nowicki (POL)
2019 Doha
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Quentin Bigot (FRA)  Bence Halász (HUN)
 Wojciech Nowicki (POL)

Women

Season's bests

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Hammer Throw - Introduction". IAAF. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ Phil Minshull (9 August 2015). "Fajdek throws 83.93m in Szczecin". IAAF. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "All-time women's best hammer throw". IAAF. 7 May 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Wlodarczyk extends hammer world record in Warsaw". IAAF. 28 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ Roy Jordan (28 July 2019). "Kendricks tops 6.06m in Des Moines". IAAF. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Jon Mulkeen (8 June 2018). "Berry and Nowicki topple hammer favourites in Chorzow". IAAF. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "Women's Hammer Final Results" (PDF). 2017.taipei. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Erik Boal (2 June 2019). "Brooke Andersen Nails Down World Lead in Hammer Throw at Iron Wood Classic". runnerspace.com. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "Hammer Throw Results" (PDF). IAAF. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ 2004 Olympic Hammer Throw Medalists. Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  11. ^ a b Engeler, Elaine (10 June 2010). "CAS Reinstates Medals for Hammer Throwers". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Hammer_throw
 



 



 
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