Half & Half
Get Half & Half essential facts below. View Videos or join the Half & Half discussion. Add Half & Half to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Half & Half
 One half prefixes hemi- (from Greek) semi-/demi- (from Latin) Binary 0.1 or 0.011111111111... Ternary 0.11111111111... Decimal 0.5 or 0.499999999999... Duodecimal 0.6 or 0.5BBBBBBBBBBBB... Hexadecimal 0.8 or 0.7FFFFFFFFFFF... Continued fraction [0; 1, 1] or [0; 2] Single-precision 3F000000 (hex) = 00111111000000000000000000000000(binary)
½
In UnicodeU+00BD
Related
One
Different from
Different from¼, ¾

One half is the irreducible fraction resulting from dividing one by two or the fraction resulting from dividing any number by its double. Multiplication by one half is equivalent to division by two, or "halving"; conversely, division by one half is equivalent to multiplication by two, or "doubling". One half appears often in mathematical equations, recipes, measurements, etc. Half can also be said to be one part of something divided into two equal parts.

For instance, the area S of a triangle is computed

S = × base × perpendicular height.

One half also figures in the formula for calculating figurate numbers, such as triangular numbers and pentagonal numbers:

${\displaystyle {\frac {1}{2}}{n\left[\left(s-2\right)n-(4-s)\right]}}$

and in the formula for computing magic constants for magic squares

${\displaystyle M_{2}(n)={\frac {1}{2}}n\left(n^{2}+1\right)}$

The Riemann hypothesis states that every nontrivial complex root of the Riemann zeta function has a real part equal to .

One half has two different decimal expansions, the familiar 0.5 and the recurring 0.49999999... It has a similar pair of expansions in any even base. It is a common trap to believe these expressions represent distinct numbers: see the proof that 0.999... equals 1 for detailed discussion of a related case. In odd bases, one half has no terminating representation, only a single representation with a repeating fractional component, such as 0.11111111... in ternary.

## Particularities in writing and language

Postal stamp, Ireland, 1940: one halfpenny postage due.

​ is also one of the few fractions to usually have a key of its own on typewriters (see fractions). It also has its own code point in some early extensions of ASCII at 171. In Unicode, it has its own code unit at U+00BD (decimal 189) in the C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement block, and a cross-reference in the Number Forms block, rendering as "½". The HTML entity is &frac12;.

One half is also one of the few fractions which is commonly expressed in natural languages by suppletion rather than regular derivation: in English, for example, compare "one half" against other regular formations like "one sixth".

It is acceptable to write one half as a hyphenated word, "one-half" or non-hyphenated, "one half".

## Code Points

In the Unicode standard, the symbol ½ has the code point U+00BD ½ Vulgar Fraction One Half (HTML #0189· inherited from Latin-1)[1]

### PC Entry

• + (keeping Alt pressed until all 4 digits have been typed on the numeric keypad only)

## References

1. ^ "Unicode® Character Table". UT Unicode® Character Table. idea.informer.com. Retrieved 2019.