Ha Tinh Province
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Ha Tinh Province
Hà T?nh Province

T?nh Hà T?nh
Thành ph? Hà T?nh.jpg
Official seal of Hà T?nh Province
Seal
Location of Hà T?nh within Vietnam
Location of Hà T?nh within Vietnam
Coordinates: 18°20?N 105°54?E / 18.333°N 105.900°E / 18.333; 105.900Coordinates: 18°20?N 105°54?E / 18.333°N 105.900°E / 18.333; 105.900
Country Vietnam
RegionNorth Central Coast
CapitalHà T?nh
Government
 o People's Council Chairng Qu?c Khánh
 o People's Committee ChairLê ?ình S?n
Area
 o Total5,997.8 km2 (2,315.8 sq mi)
Population
(2019)[1]
 o Total1,478,261
 o Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Demographics
 o EthnicitiesVietnamese, Thai, Ch?t, Mng
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes239
ISO 3166 codeVN-23
Websitewww.hatinh.gov.vn

Hà T?nh (Vietnamese: [hâ: t?] ) is a province on the North Central Coast of Vietnam. Together with neighbouring Ngh? An Province the two provinces are together called "Ngh? T?nh", and the locals are known for speaking Vietnamese with a very noticeable accent.[2][3]

Geography

Hà T?nh Province is located in the northern part of central Vietnam, about 340 km (211 miles) south of Hanoi, bordered by Ngh? An Province to the north, Qu?ng Bình Province to the south, Laos to the west, and the Eastern Sea to the east.

Administrative divisions

Hà T?nh is subdivided into 13 district-level sub-divisions:

  • 10 districts:
  • 2 district-level towns:

They are further subdivided into 12 commune-level towns (or townlets), 235 communes, and 15 wards.

Tourism and Notables

Hà T?nh has many touristic locations of historical and cultural interest. It is home to national figures such as Lê H?u Trác, Nguy?n Du (the author of the epic poem Kim Vân Ki?u), Nguy?n Công Tr?, Phan ?ình Phùng, Tr?n Phú, Ngô c K?, Nguy?n Phan Chánh, Hoàng Ng?c Phách, Xuân Di?u, Huy C?n, Hoàng Xuân Hãn, Nguy?n Kh?c Vi?n, Lê V?n Thiêm, ?i?m Phùng Th? and Nguyen Do. Notable scenic areas include La River, V? Môn Falls, V? Quang Garden, K? G? Lake, S?n Kim hot springs, ?èo Ngang pass, Hng Tích Pagoda, and beaches in places such as Thiên C?m, Ðèo Con, Xuân Thành and Chân Tiên. Most of them are along Highways 1A and 8.

Transport

Hà T?nh has 130 km (82 miles) of Highway 1A stretching from B?n Th?y Bridge (Vinh City) to ?èo Ngang Pass linking Hà T?nh and Qu?ng Bình. The Ho Chi Minh Route is the second most important route of the province. Hà T?nh also contains Road 8 which runs from H?ng L?nh town to Laos and the Viet-Lao highway from V?ng Áng Harbour (K? Anh District) to Laos. In 2007, a railway link to Laos was proposed from Hà T?nh province.

Economy

Hà T?nh is among the poorest provinces of Vietnam with a GDP in 2008 of US$420 per capita. The poverty can be attributed to the harsh natural conditions with severe cold in winter and extreme heat in summer, floods and storms every autumn and unfavorable soil and natural resources. A badly-operated district and provincial government is also a hurdle to prosperity.[]

Agriculture, forestry and fishery takes up 35.5 percent of total GDP and the province's GDP accounts for 0.7 percent of Vietnam's GDP. Hà T?nh has taken slow steps in economic reforms though better signs in recent times are incentive. V?ng Áng harbour with some plants, factories and a thermal power station is becoming the most active economic hub. Vietnam Steel operates an iron mine in Th?ch Khê District,[4] with reserves of 544 million tonnes of iron, which is one of the largest mines in southeast Asia.[5]

A US$10 billion iron and steel plant was built in V?ng Áng in the 2010s (see Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation). The steel plant is part of an industrial park, which is estimated to cost more than US$20 billion. When finished in 2020, the industrial park will have a port, a 2,100-MW power plant and a steel plant with six blast furnaces.[6] In 2016, the Formosa Steel plant released untreated waste water with heavy metals and other toxins into the nearby sea, which caused the 2016 Vietnam marine life disaster.[7]

History

In Sino-Vietnamese characters, the province's name is written as ??, meaning "quiet river". Beginning in 1930 Hà T?nh, along with Ngh? An and Qu?ng Ngãi, was one of the early grounds for the Vietnamese rural Soviet movement and protests.[8][9]

References

  1. ^ a b Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived July 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  2. ^ Thê ?Anh Nguyêñ, Alain Forest Guerre et paix en Asie du Sud-Est Page 110 1998 " ... the regional way of speaking in the southern part of Thanh Ngh?, the so-called Ngh? T?nh (Ngh? An and Hà T?nh) dialect, ..."
  3. ^ Jonathan D. London Education in Vietnam 2011 Page 186 "A teacher from Hà T?nh Province acknowledged this issue, quipping that his distinctive and "heavy" Hà T?nh accent would be tough even for most Vi?t teachers, let alone students."
  4. ^ Geological Survey (U.S.), Minerals Yearbook: Area Reports: International 2008: Asia and the Pacific, pp. 22-12, 26-9.
  5. ^ http://en.vietnamplus.vn/Home/Vung-Ang-economic-zone-grows-into-national-industrial-centre/20137/36939.vnplus
  6. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/05/15/us-vietnam-china-riots-casualties-idUSBREA4E03Y20140515
  7. ^ Steve Mullman (30 June 2016). "A Taiwanese Steel Plant Caused Vietnam's Mass Fish Deaths the Government Says". Quartz. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ Patricia M. Pelley Postcolonial Vietnam: New Histories of the National Past 2002 Page 196 "In September 1930, the first Vietnamese soviet (in the village of vi:Võ Li?t) was formed, and soon it encompassed the three provinces of Ngh? An, Hà T?nh, and Qu?ng Ngãi. By this point, a number of Vietnamese students were already attending ..."
  9. ^ Nguyen Công LuanNationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier 2011 "... "Soviet" style that led farmers from several villages in Ngh? An and Hà T?nh provinces to stage mass protests for months after May 1930"

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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