Hà T?nh Province
T?nh Hà T?nh
Location of Hà T?nh within Vietnam
|Region||North Central Coast|
|o People's Council Chair||ng Qu?c Khánh|
|o People's Committee Chair||Lê ?ình S?n|
|o Total||5,997.8 km2 (2,315.8 sq mi)|
|o Density||250/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|o Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Thai, Ch?t, Mng|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-23|
Hà T?nh (Vietnamese: [hâ: t?] ) is a province on the North Central Coast of Vietnam. Together with neighbouring Ngh? An Province the two provinces are together called "Ngh? T?nh", and the locals are known for speaking Vietnamese with a very noticeable accent.
Hà T?nh Province is located in the northern part of central Vietnam, about 340 km (211 miles) south of Hanoi, bordered by Ngh? An Province to the north, Qu?ng Bình Province to the south, Laos to the west, and the Eastern Sea to the east.
Hà T?nh is subdivided into 13 district-level sub-divisions:
They are further subdivided into 12 commune-level towns (or townlets), 235 communes, and 15 wards.
Hà T?nh has many touristic locations of historical and cultural interest. It is home to national figures such as Lê H?u Trác, Nguy?n Du (the author of the epic poem Kim Vân Ki?u), Nguy?n Công Tr?, Phan ?ình Phùng, Tr?n Phú, Ngô c K?, Nguy?n Phan Chánh, Hoàng Ng?c Phách, Xuân Di?u, Huy C?n, Hoàng Xuân Hãn, Nguy?n Kh?c Vi?n, Lê V?n Thiêm, ?i?m Phùng Th? and Nguyen Do. Notable scenic areas include La River, V? Môn Falls, V? Quang Garden, K? G? Lake, S?n Kim hot springs, ?èo Ngang pass, Hng Tích Pagoda, and beaches in places such as Thiên C?m, Ðèo Con, Xuân Thành and Chân Tiên. Most of them are along Highways 1A and 8.
Hà T?nh has 130 km (82 miles) of Highway 1A stretching from B?n Th?y Bridge (Vinh City) to ?èo Ngang Pass linking Hà T?nh and Qu?ng Bình. The Ho Chi Minh Route is the second most important route of the province. Hà T?nh also contains Road 8 which runs from H?ng L?nh town to Laos and the Viet-Lao highway from V?ng Áng Harbour (K? Anh District) to Laos. In 2007, a railway link to Laos was proposed from Hà T?nh province.
Hà T?nh is among the poorest provinces of Vietnam with a GDP in 2008 of US$420 per capita. The poverty can be attributed to the harsh natural conditions with severe cold in winter and extreme heat in summer, floods and storms every autumn and unfavorable soil and natural resources. A badly-operated district and provincial government is also a hurdle to prosperity.
Agriculture, forestry and fishery takes up 35.5 percent of total GDP and the province's GDP accounts for 0.7 percent of Vietnam's GDP. Hà T?nh has taken slow steps in economic reforms though better signs in recent times are incentive. V?ng Áng harbour with some plants, factories and a thermal power station is becoming the most active economic hub. Vietnam Steel operates an iron mine in Th?ch Khê District, with reserves of 544 million tonnes of iron, which is one of the largest mines in southeast Asia.
A US$10 billion iron and steel plant was built in V?ng Áng in the 2010s (see Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation). The steel plant is part of an industrial park, which is estimated to cost more than US$20 billion. When finished in 2020, the industrial park will have a port, a 2,100-MW power plant and a steel plant with six blast furnaces. In 2016, the Formosa Steel plant released untreated waste water with heavy metals and other toxins into the nearby sea, which caused the 2016 Vietnam marine life disaster.
In Sino-Vietnamese characters, the province's name is written as ??, meaning "quiet river". Beginning in 1930 Hà T?nh, along with Ngh? An and Qu?ng Ngãi, was one of the early grounds for the Vietnamese rural Soviet movement and protests.