HNK Rijeka
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HNK Rijeka

Rijeka
HNK Rijeka.svg
Full nameHrvatski nogometni klub Rijeka (Croatian Football Club Rijeka)
Nickname(s)Rije?ki bijeli (Rijeka's Whites)
Short nameRJK
Founded29 July 1946; 73 years ago (1946-07-29), as Sportsko Dru?tvo Kvarner / Società Sportiva Quarnero
GroundStadion Rujevica, Rijeka
Capacity8,279[1]
OwnerDamir Mi?kovi?, via Teanna Limited (70%)
City of Rijeka (30%)
ChairmanDamir Mi?kovi?
ManagerSimon Ro?man
LeaguePrva HNL
2018-19Prva HNL, 2nd of 10
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Hrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka (English: Croatian Football Club Rijeka), commonly referred to as HNK Rijeka or simply Rijeka, is a Croatian football club from the city of Rijeka.

HNK Rijeka compete in Croatia's top division, HT Prva liga, of which they have been members since its foundation in 1992. During the reconstruction of Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground, Rijeka play their home matches at Stadion Rujevica. Rijeka's traditional home colours are all white.

The club was founded on 29 July 1946 as Sportsko Dru?tvo Kvarner (Croatian) / Società Sportiva Quarnero (Italian).[2] The club's official name was changed to Nogometni Klub Rijeka on 2 July 1954.[3] In the summer of 1995, the club management added the adjective hrvatski (English: Croatian) to the official name. Rijeka are the third-most successful Croatian football club, having won one Croatian First Football League title, two Yugoslav Cups, five Croatian Football Cups, one Croatian Football Super Cup and the 1977-78 Balkans Cup.

History

Origins

The club was founded as SD Kvarner / SS Quarnero on 29 July 1946, after Rijeka (known by its Italian name Fiume until 1945) was ceded from Italy to Yugoslavia following the end of World War II. The club was named after the Bay of Kvarner and the broader Kvarner region, in which Rijeka is the administrative centre. The club's roots can be traced back to 1926, the founding of U.S. Fiumana, which competed at various levels of the Italian Football Championship, including a season in the top tier competition (Divisione Nazionale) in 1928. The two clubs used the same grounds (Stadion Kantrida) and eight U.S. Fiumana players later played for Kvarner.[4]

1946-1991

During the early period in Yugoslavia, Kvarner had moderate success in various Yugoslav and local club championships. They were relegated at the end of their inaugural season in the Yugoslav First League in 1946-47. Kvarner changed its name to NK Rijeka on 2 July 1954 and returned to the First League in 1958.[3] Rijeka remained in the top tier for 11 consecutive seasons until 1969, when they were once again relegated to the Yugoslav Second League.[3] Despite finishing on top in four (out of five) seasons in the second tier, due to three failed qualifying attempts, the club only gained promotion back to the top tier in 1974. With varying success, Rijeka remained in top tier until the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991.[3] The club's greatest success during this period involved back-to-back Yugoslav Cup titles in 1978 and 1979. Rijeka were also a Cup runner-up in 1987, when they lost the final after a penalty shoot-out.[5] Rijeka never finished higher than the fourth place in the Yugoslav First League. In 1984, the club came closest to their first championship title, finishing only two points behind Red Star Belgrade. Rijeka were also the best placed Croatian club in the Yugoslav First League in 1965, 1984 and 1987.[6]

Rijeka in the 1. HNL

Players and staff celebrating their 2006 Croatian Cup win

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 Rijeka joined the Croatian First Football League in its inaugural season. Rijeka remain one of only four founding member clubs to never have been relegated. In terms of greatest successes in this period, the club won its first-ever league title in 2017, ending Dinamo Zagreb's run of 11 successive titles.[7] Rijeka has also won five Croatian Cups, including back-to-back titles in 2005 and 2006, in 2014, in 2017, which helped them secure the historic Double, and most recently in 2019.[8] In the final round of the 1998-99 season, a refereeing error denied Rijeka their first championship title. With one match to play, Rijeka were one point ahead of Croatia Zagreb, needing a home win against Osijek to secure the title. With the match tied at 1-1, in the 89th minute, Rijeka forward Admir Hasan?i? converted a cross by Barnabás Sztipánovics. However, moments later, assistant referee Kre?ak raised his flag and referee ?upraha disallowed Rijeka's winning goal for an alleged offside.[9] Following an investigation, 3D analysis revealed Hasan?i? was not, in fact, in an offside position, and that Rijeka were wrongfully denied their first championship title.[10][11] An investigation by Nacional revealed Franjo Tu?man, the president of the Republic of Croatia and an ardent Croatia Zagreb supporter, earlier in 1999 ordered the country's intelligence agencies to spy on football referees, officials and journalists, with the aim of ensuring the Zagreb club wins the league title.[11]

Europe

Rijeka participated in UEFA competitions on 19 occasions, including seven consecutive appearances since 2013-14. The greatest success was the quarter-final of the 1979-80 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they lost to Italian giants Juventus 2-0 on aggregate.[12] The most memorable result in Europe was the home win (3-1) against eventual winners Real Madrid in the 1984-85 UEFA Cup.[13] Controversially, in the return leg at Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, which Rijeka lost 3-0, three of their players were sent off. Madrid scored their first goal from a doubtful penalty in the 67th minute with Rijeka already down to ten men. Over the next ten minutes, two additional Rijeka players were sent off, most notably Damir Desnica. While Desnica received the first yellow card because he did not stop play after Schoeters blew his whistle, the second yellow was issued because he allegedly insulted the referee. However, unbeknownst to the referee, Desnica had been a deaf-mute since birth.[6] With Rijeka reduced to eight players, Madrid scored two additional goals, progressed to the next round and eventually won the trophy.

In 2013, after winning 4-3 on aggregate against VfB Stuttgart, Rijeka qualified for the 2013-14 UEFA Europa League group stage.[14][15] Rijeka also participated in the 2014-15 UEFA Europa League group stage, where they defeated Feyenoord and Standard Liège and drew with title-holders and eventual winners Sevilla.[16][17][18] In 2017, Rijeka reached the 2017-18 UEFA Champions League play-off, where they lost 3-1 on aggregate to Greek champions Olympiacos, and automatically qualified for the 2017-18 UEFA Europa League group stage. In the group stage they recorded a famous home win (2-0) against AC Milan but once again failed to progress to the knockout stages.[19]

Private ownership

In February 2012, Gabriele Volpi - an Italian businessman and the founder of Orlean Invest, as well as the owner of football club Spezia and water polo club Pro Recco - injected much needed capital into the club. With the privatization process complete by September 2013, Volpi, through Dutch-based Stichting Social Sport Foundation, became the owner of 70% of the club, with the City of Rijeka in control of the remaining 30%.[20][21] On 29 December 2017 it was announced that chairman Damir Mi?kovi?, through London-based Teanna Limited, acquired the majority stake in the club from Stichting Social Sport Foundation.[22][23]

Record transfer

In January 2015, Rijeka sold their star striker Andrej Kramari? to Leicester City for a club-record £9.7 million transfer fee.[24]

Stadium

Until July 2015, Rijeka were based at Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground for over 60 years. With Kantrida awaiting demolition and reconstruction, since August 2015, Rijeka have been based at the newly-built Stadion Rujevica, an all-seater with the capacity of 8,279. Stadion Rujevica is part of Rijeka's new training centre and serves as the club's temporary home ground. Following the demolition of old Kantrida, a new, state of the art, 14,600 all-seater stadium will be built at the same location. In addition to the stadium, the investors are planning to build a commercial complex that will include a shopping mall and a hotel.[25]

Support

During most home matches, the majority of the seats are occupied by season ticket holders. For the 2017-18 season the club had 5,922 season ticket holders and 8,403 members.

Rijeka's ultras group are called Armada Rijeka, or simply Armada. The group has been active since 1987.

Rivalries

Rijeka's greatest rivalry is with Hajduk Split. Since 1946, the Adriatic derby is contested between the two most popular Croatian football clubs from the Adriatic coast, Rijeka and Hajduk. Other rivalries exist with Dinamo Zagreb and, at the regional level, with Istra Pula. The origins of the Rijeka-Pula rivalry date back to the clashes between Fiumana and Grion Pola since the late 1920s.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1998-1999 Adidas INA
1999-2002 Kronos
2002-2003 Torpedo
2003-2004 Lero
2004-2005 Legea
2005-2006 INA
2006-2008 Kappa Croatia Osiguranje
2008-2012 Jako
2012-2014 Lotto  -
2014-2016 Jako
2017-2018 Sava Osiguranje
2018- Joma

Players

Current squad

As of 16 February 2020[26]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Out on loan

As of 12 February 2020

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Croatia GK Ivan Nevisti? (at Croatia Vara?din)
Croatia DF Petar Mami? (at Croatia Vara?din)
Austria DF Mario Paveli? (at Austria Admira Wacker)
Croatia DF Ivan Smol?i? (at Croatia Orijent 1919)
Croatia DF Lorenco ?imi? (at Slovakia DAC 1904)
Croatia MF Denis Bu?nja (at Croatia Istra 1961)
Croatia MF Dominik Kri?anovi? (at Croatia Vuteks-Sloga)
No. Position Player
Croatia MF Adrian Liber (at Croatia Orijent 1919)
Croatia FW Matko Babi? (at Czech Republic Karviná)
Croatia FW Josip Mitrovi? (at Croatia Inter Zapre?i?)
North Macedonia FW Milan Ristovski (at Slovakia Nitra)
Croatia FW Tomislav Tur?in (at Croatia Vara?din)
Croatia FW Matej Vuk (at Slovakia Sere?)

Youth system

Club officials and technical staff

Position Staff
Chairman Croatia Damir Mi?kovi?
Vice-chairman Croatia Dean ulac
Croatia Zlatan Hreljac
Managing director Croatia Luka Ivan?i?
Administrative director Croatia Marina Vela
Director of finance Croatia Marina Cesarac Dor?i?
Director of communications Croatia Alen Fu?ak
Director of football Croatia Sre?ko Juri?i?
Director of football (assistant) Croatia Ivan Mance
Academy director Croatia Edo Flego
Club secretary Croatia Milica Alavanja
Press secretary Croatia Sandra Ne?i?
Power of attorney Croatia Vlatko Vrki?
Manager Slovenia Simon Ro?man
Assistant manager Slovenia Ale? Ka?i?nik
Team manager Croatia Alen Rivetti
Performance analyst Croatia Rade Ljepojevi?
Chief scout Croatia Ranko Buketa
Fitness coach Croatia Vedran Nagli?
Goalkeeping coach Croatia Gojko Mr?ela
Team doctor Croatia Nata?a Bakar?i?
Croatia Boban Dangubi?
Physiotherapist Croatia Marin Polonijo
Croatia Matija ?argonja
Croatia Matej Luli?
Rehabilitation coach Croatia Aris Nagli?
Kit manager Croatia Denis Mi?kulin

Last updated: 25 July 2019
Source: Club officials

Notable players

To appear in this section a player must have satisfied all of the following three criteria:

Source: Appearances and Goals. Last updated 13 April 2019.

All-time Best 11

According to a 2005-07 survey of former players (older than 40 years of age) and respected journalists, Marinko Lazzarich found that the best all-time team of Rijeka is as follows:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Milevoj, 3. Hrsti?, 4. Radakovi?, 5. Radin, 6. Juri?i?, 7. Lukari?, 8. Gra?an, 9. Osojnak, 10. Naumovi?, 11. Desnica.[27]

Rijeka's daily, Novi list, in 2011 declared the following 11 players as Rijeka's best all time team:

1. Jantoljak, 2. ?ari?, 3. Radin, 4. Juri?i?, 5. Hrsti?, 6. Loik, 7. Radakovi?, 8. Mladenovi?, 9. Naumovi?, 10. Skoblar, 11. Desnica.[28]

Managers

Source: [29]

Winning managers

Presidents

Source: [30]

Seasons, statistics and records

Honours

Rijeka has won one Croatian First Football League title, two Yugoslav Cups and five Croatian Cups. In European competitions, the club has reached the quarter-final of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1979-80, UEFA Cup Round of 32 in 1984-85, and group stages of the UEFA Europa League in 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2017-18. The club has also won the 1977-78 Balkans Cup.[31]

Domestic

Croatia
Yugoslavia

International

Unofficial competitions

Source: [32], Last updated 31 May 2017.

Rankings

UEFA club coefficient ranking

(As of 21 February 2019), Source: [33]

Rank Team Points
103 Denmark Midtjylland 14.000
104 Norway Molde 13.500
105 Croatia Rijeka 13.500
106 Russia Rostov 13.500
107 Romania Astra 12.500

European record

By competition

Competition Pld W D L GF GA Last season played
UEFA Champions League 8 2 2 4 10 11 2017-18
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 60 23 16 21 89 74 2019-20
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 10 3 3 4 8 9 1979-80
UEFA Intertoto Cup 4 1 1 2 3 5 2008
Total 82 29 22 31 110 99

Source: [34], Last updated on 29 August 2019.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against. Defunct competitions indicated in italics.

By ground

Ground Pld W D L GF GA GD
Home 41 21 11 9 66 39 +27
Away 41 8 11 22 44 60 -16
Total 82 29 22 31 110 99 +11

Source: [34], Last updated on 29 August 2019.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against.

By season

Non-UEFA competitions are listed in italics.

Last updated on 29 August 2019.
Note: List includes matches played in competitions not endorsed by UEFA.
+ Matches played at neutral ground in Ascoli and Pisa, Italy.

Player records

References

  1. ^ "Stadion HNK Rijeka". Soccerway. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2014). "Stoljetno iitavanje povijesti pod stijenama rije?koga sportskog hrama". Problemi sjevernog Jadrana (in Croatian). Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (13): 47-76. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d HNK Rijeka. "Povijest" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka official website. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "Split slavi, Zagreb izmi?lja, Opatija ne zna, a Rijeka se srami" (in Croatian). RijekaDanas. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ Puric, Bojan; Schöggl, Hans; Stokkermans, Karel (8 May 2014). "Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro - Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ a b Vivoda, Vlado (16 July 2014). "HNK Rijeka: The Rise of the Phoenix". Hocuri.com. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Rijeka win Croatian league to end Dinamo dominance". Eurosport. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (26 September 2014). "Croatia - Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Rijeka-Osijek 1:1" (in Croatian). HRnogomet.com. 26 May 1999. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ Vidalina, Marko (1 June 2009). "Dokaz! Rijeci 1999. naslov prvaka definitivno ukraden" (in Croatian). 24 sata. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ a b Bajru?i, Robert (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (9 January 2008). "Cup Winners' Cup 1979-80". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2008.
  13. ^ "24.10.1984: Rijeka - Real Madrid 3:1" (in Croatian). Armada Rijeka. Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ Volari?, Ivan. "Velika no? na Kantridi: Benko, Kvr?i? i Vargi? za povijest" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ Volari?, Ivan; Rivetti, Orlando. "Stuttgart - Rijeka 2:2, bijeli u Europskoj ligi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2013.
  16. ^ Volari?, Ivan. "Hat trick za povijesnu pobjedu u Europskoj ligi: Kramari? - Feyenoord 3:1" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Volari?, Ivan. "Blago nama, Moises i Krama: Bijeli u pola sata pomeli Standard" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ Volari?, Ivan. "Peh u suda?koj nadoknadi: Sevilla u posljednjim sekundama iupala bod na Kantridi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2014.
  19. ^ Volari?, Ivan (7 December 2017). "POBJEDA ZA POVIJEST Rijeka skinula jo? jedan veliki skalp, na Rujevici pao veliki AC Milan (2:0)" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ "Rijeka postala sportsko dioni?ko dru?tvo: Volpi dao 54 milijuna kuna za 70 posto vlasni?tva" (in Croatian). Index.hr. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  21. ^ "Ownership". nk-rijeka.hr. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ "HNK Rijeka od petka u vlasni?tvu Teanna limited" (in Croatian). nk-rijeka.hr. 29 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ Rogulj, Daniela (29 December 2017). "Damir Mi?kovi? and Teanna Limited New Owner of NK Rijeka". Total Croatia News. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ "Andrej Kramaric set to complete £9.7m move to Leicester from Rijeka". ESPN. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ "Stadion Kantrida".
  26. ^ "1. mom?ad" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2008) (in Croatian). Kantrida bijelih snova. Rijeka: Adami?. ISBN 978-953-219-393-0, p. 467.
  28. ^ Cvijanovi?, Marko (29 August 2011). "Asevi s Kantride: Idealna mom?ad Rijeke". Novi List (in Croatian). Retrieved 2012.
  29. ^ Presidents and managers
  30. ^ "HNK Rijeka - Predsjednici i treneri".
  31. ^ Stokkermans, Karel; Ionescu, Romeo (29 July 2010). "Balkan Cup". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2010.
  32. ^ "Croatia - HNK Rijeka - Results, fixtures, squad, statistics, photos, videos and news - Soccerway". int.soccerway.com.
  33. ^ "Club coefficients | UEFA Coefficients". UEFA.com.
  34. ^ a b "Rijeka". Uefa.com.
  35. ^ a b "Rijeka profile". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017.

External links

Unofficial

Supporters


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