HNK Hajduk Split
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HNK Hajduk Split

Hajduk Split
HNK Hajduk Split.svg
Full nameHrvatski nogometni klub Hajduk Split
Nickname(s)Bili (The Whites)
Majstori s mora (Masters from the Sea)
Short nameHajduk, HAJ
Founded13 February 1911; 109 years ago (1911-02-13)
GroundStadion Poljud
Capacity34,198
OwnerCity of Split (65.92%)
Udruga "Na? Hajduk" (24.53%)
Rest (9.55%)
ManagerIgor Tudor
LeaguePrva HNL
2019-20Prva HNL, 5th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Hrvatski nogometni klub Hajduk Split (English: Croatian Football Club Hajduk Split), commonly referred to as Hajduk Split (Croatian pronunciation: [x?jdu:k splît]) or simply Hajduk, is a professional Croatian football club founded in 1911, and based in the city of Split. Since 1979, the club's home ground has been the 35,000-seat Stadion Poljud. The team's traditional home colours are white shirts with blue shorts and blue socks. Hajduk is one of two most popular football clubs in Croatia, having support from all corners of the country but mainly from home region Dalmatia. A lot of support comes from abroad, not only from Croatian natives, but foreign fans as well.

Hajduk was founded by a group of Split students in a famous tavern known as U Flek? in Prague. Between the early 1920s and 1940, Hajduk regularly participated in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia national championship. Following World War II and the formation of the Yugoslav league system in 1946, Hajduk went on to spend the entire SFR Yugoslavia period at the top level. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, the club joined the Croatian First League in its inaugural season in 1992, never having been relegated from its top tier. Hadjuk is thus the only ex-Yugoslav side to have never been relegated from the top flight since the foundation of the original Yugoslavia, though a number of ex-Yugoslav clubs have long spells in the top flight dating to the SFR Yugoslavia era.

They are one of the most successful teams in Croatia and ex-Yugoslavia, having won nine Yugoslav and six Croatian league championships, in addition to nine Yugoslav and five Croatian cup titles and five Croatian supercup titles, without ever being relegated from its country's top football league.

The club's "golden era" came in the 1970s, when they won four Yugoslav leagues and five Yugoslav cups. Hajduk is also the only club in Yugoslav football history that has won five-straight Yugoslav cups (between 1972 and 1977), and also the only unbeaten champion (season 1950). Hajduk's biggest European achievements are appearances in three European Cup quarter-finals, one UEFA Cup semi-final and one Cup Winners' Cup semi-final.

The club's main rivals are Dinamo Zagreb, with matches between the two referred to as the Eternal Derby. Hajduk Split fans are called Torcida Split, who are the oldest organized firm in Europe, being founded in 1950. The inspiration of the name were the Brazilian fans at the 1950 FIFA World Cup which were called Torcida.

As of 2008, the club is a stock company, although not listed on the public stock exchange, with majority of the stock owned by the City of Split. It is one of two fan-owned sports teams in Croatia, reaching over 43,000 members in 2016,[1] and over 31,000 members for current year.[2] There are also over 50 Hajduk fan clubs situated mostly across Croatia and Germany, but as far as United States, Ireland and Australia.[3]

History

Origins

Founding members of Hajduk, in the U Flek? inn in Prague

The club was founded in the centuries-old pub U Flek? in Prague (then also part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire), by a group of students from Split: Fabjan Kaliterna, Lucijan Stella, Ivan ?aki? and Vjekoslav Ivani?evi?.[4] They went to the pub following a match between AC Sparta and SK Slavia and decided it was time their own town founded a professional club. They all knew how popular the sport was in their home city of Split, and how well their friends can play.

The club was officially registered with the authorities on 13 February 1911.[5] While trying to come up with a name for the club (other options being "Velebit", "Uskok", "Marjan"...), the students went to their old teacher Josip Bara? for advice and according to accounts, after enthusiastically storming into his office, he told them to take the name "Hajduk" which symbolized "that which is best in our people: bravery, humanity, friendship, love of freedom, defiance to powers, and protection of the weak. Be worthy of that great name".[6]

Hajduks were romanticized bandits that fought the rule of the Ottoman Turks. It is speculated that famed hajduk Andrija ?imi?, who triumphantly arrived in Split in 1902 to cheering crowds (after a long stint in an Austrian prison), was perhaps the inspiration for the name.[6] The founders subsequently designed the club's emblem, and a group of Catholic nuns from a monastery in Split, created copies which were distributed to fans.[7] Both the name and the checkered board on the crest were found provocative by the Monarchy, but it eventually allowed them having been convinced that a football club is a good way to train soldiers.[8]

Hajduk gathered the pro-Croat party of citizens of Split, Croat unionists or puntari. That is why the club specifically has the name "hrvatski nogometni klub" ("Croatian football club") and has the Croatian coat-of-arms in its crest. The club itself was against the Austrian-Hungarian government's policy of not allowing the unification of the Croatian provinces and keeping them separated (the government and the emperor did not allow the reunion of Dalmatia with the rest of Croatia). Hajduk's first opponent were Calcio Spalato, the club of an autonomist party from in Split, and the match ended with a 9-0 (6-0) victory for Hajduk. The first to score for Hajduk was ?ime Raunig, legend has it - with his knee.[9]

Before the match: Hajduk played H?K Zrinjski Mostar on 13 August 1939, winning 3-2.

In 1912, Hajduk played their first match in Zagreb against the HA?K football club, and lost 3-2. The first international match against an eminent opponent was held in 1913 against Czech club Slavia Prague,[10] which at that time were one of the strongest squads in Europe. Hajduk ended up losing the match 1-13 (0-13). After the formation of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Hajduk first entered the Yugoslav league in 1923, losing their first and only match that season against SA?K. However, that same year while on tour in North Africa, Hajduk defeated Marseille 3-2 in their first international match, sparking mass celebrations in Split. The next year, the squad was considered so strong that 10 out of the 11 players which played an international friendly for Yugoslavia against Czechoslovakia were contracted to Hajduk (only exception being the goalkeeper, as Hajduk had an Italian goalkeeper at the time).

In 1926, in honour of the club's 15th birthday, composer Ivo Tijardovi? dedicated an operetta "Kraljica baluna" to the club, making it the only football club in the world to have its own operetta. Apart from national championship, from 1920 to 1936 Hajduk continuously competed in Dalmatian Championship, having won all but one of them.[11]

Hajduk reached their first period of glory in the late 1920s, when they won their first two Yugoslav championships (1927 and 1929), which earned them a slot in the Central European Cup.[12] Some of the best players in that period were Leo Leme?i? and Vladimir Kragi?, with Ljubo Ben?i? managed to become the best goalscorer of the 1927 season. Long-lasting coach of the team was one of clubs greats, Luka Kaliterna. During the 6 January Dictatorship the adjective "Croatian" in "Croatian Football Club" was forcibly replaced by the adjective "Yugoslav" to the dismay of the team. Furthermore, the 1930s proved disastrous for Hajduk, as they won no tournaments or championships, recording only a few successes in international matches.[13]

They did manage to win one title during the Banovina of Croatia era in 1940-41, with an impressive 14-3-1 record. As a Croatian champion the club was about the play the playoffs for Yugoslav championship, but with World War II emerging, the championship was never finished. During this time, Hajduk could have had a fantastic generation lead by young Frane Mato?i?, Ratko Kacijan, as well as prominent Czech international Ji?í Sobotka.[14]

World War II

In April 1941, during World War II, Yugoslavia was invaded, occupied and carved-up by the Axis powers, with Split being annexed directly into Italy. Residents and players were both opposed to the assimilation to Italy, thus the club ceased to compete in defiance throughout the occupation of Split, declining an offer to join the Italian first division under the name "AC Spalato". Instead, Benito Mussolini founded Societa Calcio Spalato, and renamed the club's home ground after his son's name.[14] After the capitulation of Italy in 1943, the Partisans temporarily liberated Split and disarmed the Italian garrison, but the German Army quickly re-occupied the city and granted it to the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) they had installed in Zagreb back in 1941. The attitude of the club did not change when the NDH authorities attempted to include Hajduk in the Independent State of Croatia Cup, as NDH earned resentment in Split for allying and partitioning them to Italy. With the Allies invading southern Italy and controlling the Mediterranean, the Adriatic islands became a haven for the resistance, prompting Hajduk's rebirth on one of them in 1944.

The club's players then joined the Partisan general headquarters on the island of Vis in the Adriatic. On 7 May 1944, on the Feast of Saint Domnius, the patron saint of Split, in presence of Partisan leader Josip Broz Tito's and British officers (one of them being Randolph Churchill)[15] Hajduk was formed again and began playing as the official football team of the Yugoslav resistance. They competed with Allied service football teams from across the Adriatic in Italy, where they famously played the British Army in a friendly match in Bari on 23 September, in front at least 40,000 spectators, losing 2-9.[16][17] The match is considered to be one of the most attended football games during the war years, with a rematch in liberated Split few years after (Hajduk won 1-0). At this time, the club leadership adopted the Partisans' red star as the badge on the white-and-blue club dress. During 1945, Hajduk embarked on a tourney through Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Malta. Traveling roughly 30,000 kilometers, and playing over 90 matches, the club won 74 of them, while at the same time Allied airplanes dropped fliers all over Europe prompting other football clubs to follow Hajduk example.[18] While in Beirut, Charles de Gaulle gave Hajduk the title of honorary team of Free France, the trophy being treasured ever since.

With its proficiency and its "unique Dalmatian spirit", the club reportedly impressed Tito, who frequently attended matches. After the war, he invited Hajduk to move to the Yugoslav capital Belgrade and become the official Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) team, but the club refused, wanting to continue to play in their hometown of Split.[16] One of their biggest future rivals, FK Partizan, were founded instead. However, Hajduk continued to enjoy the reputation of "Tito's favorite" long after the war, and it was because of the friendly relationship with the resistance, it became one of the few Yugoslav football clubs (and the only prominent one) not to be disbanded after the war by the communist government (as was the case with a number of other clubs, especially prominent ones such as BSK, Gra?anski, Jugoslavija, Concordia, HA?K and Slavija).

Iconic 1950s

Hajduk's squad in 1955, wearing the red star badge

After World War II, Hajduk continued to play in the Yugoslav championship and its cup. In 1946, they won Croatian championship and established the magazine Journal of Hajduk. In 1948-49, Hajduk visited Australia and became the first team from Yugoslavia to play on all continents. The club won the 1950 Yugoslav championship without a single loss,[16] setting a record that no one managed to accomplish before the breakup of Yugoslavia 40 years later. On 28 October 1950, a day before a decisive match against one of its biggest rivals Red Star Belgrade (a 2-1 win), the official fan organization Torcida was founded.[19] It was created by engineering student Vjenceslav ?uvela, who chose the name after the enthusiastic Brazilian fans, and Torcida become the first organized group of supporters in Europe.[20] The following year, reconstruction of "Stari Plac" stadium was finished, and it homed the club for more than three decades.

Consequent seasons showed Hajduk's supremacy, but also the political manipulations to prevent them winning the championships. For one, Torcida was viewed as a hostile organization by the communist authorities, which posed a risk to the national consciousness of the new Yugoslavian state.[19] Hajduk's leadership was sanctioned, the team's captain expelled from the communist party, and Vjenceslav ?uvela imprisoned.[19] Also, during the winter break of the 1952-53 season, following an invitation from Juan Perón, Hajduk went on tour to South America and eventually extended their stay there.[21] This caused them to come home late, but instead of promised delay of games in the Championship, they faced defeat against BSK and a draw with Spartak Subotica as their youth team and couple of veteran players had to play them.[21] Although Hajduk later beat both Red Star (4-1) and Partizan (4-2) in Belgrade, Red Star became the champion by only a two-point margin.

Next season saw a similar occurrence, with players Vladimir Beara and Bernard Vukas arriving late for national team training and receiving a month-long ban from football. Without these essential players, Hajduk lost important matches and Dinamo Zagreb finished as champions. All this prompted club legend Frane Mato?i? to storm a meeting of the Yugoslav Football Association and say, "Have you at least a gram of integrity?"[22] On 3 April 1955 in Zagreb, Hajduk defeated Dinamo 6-0, recording its biggest win in the derby between the two largest Croatian clubs, and later won the championship. However, the Football Association of Yugoslavia qualified them to the European Mitropa Cup, while Partizan was chosen to participate in the inaugural European Cup.[22]

During the early 1950s, the club had one of its most iconic generation of players, winning three Yugoslav championships. Two such players - goalkeeper Vladimir Beara and Zagreb-born midfielder Bernard Vukas (called "Bajdo") - were called to represent Team Europe in friendly matches against Great Britain. In one of the matches, Vukas scored a hat-trick. Apart from them, Frane Mato?i? scored his 729 goals in 739 official and unofficial games, setting a club record likely never to be broken. Other famous players included Bo?o Broketa, Ljubomir Kokeza, Slavko Lu?tica and Lenko Gr?i?.

Miserable 1960s and another Golden Generation

Hajduk's red star logo from 1960 to 1990.

Generation of 1950s broke down after 1955 title, with Mato?i? retiring, Beara moving to Red Star Belgrade and Vukas to Italian club Bologna. The 1960s were remembered as some of the hardest times in Hajduk's history. In four seasons (1963 to 1966), the club finished no better than tenth and no better than fourth in the next half of the decade. In the 1965-66 season, due to the "Planini? affair" accusing Hajduk of rigging matches during those unsuccessful seasons, five points were deducted (down from the initial penalty of relegation), and Hajduk managed to stay in the top flight with much thanks to Petar Nadoveza, who managed to become the league's top scorer with 21 goals. During this era, the club won just one trophy - the 1967 cup, which was also their first Yugoslav cup trophy and send the team to European Cup Winners' Cup the next year, their first appearance under UEFA-organized international competition.[23] Prominent players of the time included Ante ?aneti? (member of 1960 World Soccer Team of the Year), Ivica Hlevnjak, Vinko Cuzzi and Andrija Ankovi?.

From 1970 to 1980, Hajduk had achieved its most successful years in Yugoslavia. The new "Golden Generation" won five consecutive cups and four championships in the period from 1972 to 1979, accompanied by notable international success.[24] In 1971, and after a 16-year wait, Hajduk won the title after a memorable 4-3 away win over Partizan in a decisive match Hajduk were at one time behind 0-3. This unexpected success was achieved with a team of youngsters, and Nadoveza as a league top scorer yet another time. After winning their first out of five consecutive domestic cups in 1972, the team achieved first major international success, playing in the semi-finals of next year's Cup Winners' Cup against Leeds United. The team's manager at the time was one of Croatia's finest, Branko Zebec.

After Zebec left the club, he was replaced by the young and talented Tomislav Ivi?, who would later become the club's coaching legend and one of the most successful managers in Europe, winning eight league titles in seven different countries.[25] The first three years under Ivi? saw Hajduk win two Yugoslav titles and three cups. In 1976, Hajduk could have won a third-straight Double after defeating the top league team Partizan 6-1 away. However, there was a scandal in the last match of the season when Partizan defeated Olimpija after scoring in the 95th minute of the match (despite UEFA not yet introducing added time for another 20 years) after numerous dubious referee decisions during the match. With the season finishing, Ivi? left Hajduk for Ajax, but would return two years later only to win another league title, the club's last in the former Yugoslavia.

During these years, Hajduk reached quarter-finals of both the European Cup and Cup Winners' Cup, with notable home wins against PSV (2-0), Arsenal (2-1) and Saint Etienne (4-1). Notable Hajduk and Yugoslav international players included goalkeepers Ivan Katalini? and Radomir Vuk?evi?; defenders Ivan Buljan (1975 Yugoslav Footballer of the Year), Zoran Vujovi?, Dragan Holcer, Vilson D?oni, Luka Peruzovi? and Vedran Ro?i?; midfielders Jurica Jerkovi?, Dra?en Mu?ini? (1975 Yugoslav Footballer of the Year), Branko Oblak (1974 Ballon d'Or candidate); and strikers Ivica ?urjak (1976 Yugoslav Footballer of the Year) and Slavi?a ?ungul. The club's respected president at the time was Tito Kirigin.

Poljud curse

In 1979, Hajduk moved to the newly designed stadium at Poljud, built to host the 1979 Mediterranean Games. However, the 1980s were noticeably less successful, as the club won only three Yugoslav cups before SFR Yugoslavia fell apart in 1991. The club's struggles were often linked to their new home stadium, which had athletic running track around the pitch, as opposed to Stari Plac, where supporters could cheer much closer to their team. The club's Inaugural season at Poljud saw Hajduk's most iconic official international match: the 1979-80 European Cup quarter-finals against eventual finalists Hamburger SV, and a 3-2 home win after losing 0-1 away. Later years saw Hajduk achieve memerable home wins against Valencia (4-1), Bordeaux (4-1), Marseille (2-0), Universitatea Craiova (1-0), Tottenham Hotspur (2-1) and a friendly win against Manchester United (6-0), considered to be United's biggest loss outside England. Hajduk also eliminated clubs such as Metz (5-1, 2-2), VfB Stuttgart (3-1, 2-2), Torino (3-1, 1-1), Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk (2-0, 1-0), Universitatea Craiova (0-1, 1-0, 3-1pen) and Sparta Prague (2-0, 0-1), reaching UEFA Cup semi-final in 1984 and quarter-final in 1986. In 1988, during a Cup Winners' Cup home match with Marseille, crowd trouble caused the game to be canceled at 2-0 for Hajduk to award Marseille a default 0-3 victory; Hajduk was also banned from all UEFA competitions for the next two years.[26]

Apart from international success, domestic results were not as impressive. Although Hajduk spent the entire decide near the top of the league table, competing with Dinamo Zagreb, Partizan and Red Star Belgrade to form what was known as the "Great Yugoslav Four", the club won no title before Croatia became independent. Prominent players of the time included goalkeepers Ivan Pudar and Zoran Simovi? (1983 Yugoslav Footballer of the Year); defenders Boro Primorac, Branko Milju? and Jerko Tipuri?; midfielders Bla? Sli?kovi? (1985 Yugoslav Footballer of the Year), Ivan Gudelj (1982 Yugoslav Footballer of the Year), Zoran Vuli?, Aljo?a Asanovi?, Stipe Andrija?evi?, Dragutin ?eli?; and striker Zlatko Vujovi? (1981 Ballon d'Or candidate).[27] By the end of the Yugoslav era, a young generation of future 1998 FIFA World Cup bronze medalists began playing for the club. These included Igor ?timac, Robert Jarni, Alen Bok?i?, Nikola Jerkan and Slaven Bili?.

In the wake of national tensions which would eventually lead to Yugoslav Wars, during a tour in Australia, Hajduk restored its traditional emblem with the Croatian checkerboard, omitting the red star and sparking a massive crowd celebrations upon return. In September of that same year, a home match against Partizan would be cancelled in the 73rd minute due to the crowd entering the pitch and burning the Yugoslav flag. Later, on 8 May 1991, Hajduk won the last held Yugoslav Cup final, defeating that year's European champions Red Star in Belgrade with a goal scored by Bok?i?. Tito's trophy for Yugoslav Cup winners was therefore awarded to Hajduk to stay in the club's permanent possession.[28]

Champions League and financial breakdown

A Hajduk-Dinamo match in Split

In the first four years of the HNL (the Croatian football league), Hajduk became far more successful than rivals Dinamo from Zagreb, winning three league titles, two domestic cups and two supercups, with the 1994-95 season still standing as the most successful since playing in independent Croatia. Hajduk entered that year's UEFA Champions League with a mix of young upcoming stars Milan Rapai?, Ivica Mornar, Tomislav Erceg, Goran Vu?evi? and experienced players such as Igor ?timac, Zoran Vuli?, Aljo?a Asanovi? and Ton?i Gabri? returning to assist them. After entering the group stage, Hajduk finished second behind Benfica, ahead of Steaua Bucure?ti and Anderlecht, before losing in the quarter-finals to eventual champions Ajax (0-0, 0-3). Domestically, the club won its first and (as of yet) last double crown. However, even though the team was performing well, the club was financially poorly managed, accumulating a massive financial loss that led to blocking of club's account.

For the next five years, Hajduk stood in the shadow of wealthier and politically privileged rivals Dinamo Zagreb, and the Champions League was no longer realistically within reach. Between 1995 and 2000, the club won zero trophies. After continuous domestic and European failures, Hajduk fans began to seek the dismissal of administration officials and circulated the story about the possible privatization of the club, which at that time did not happen. While arch-rivals Dinamo (then called "Croatia Zagreb") won titles, Hajduk had problems with the registration of players for the league. Dissatisfaction among the fans grew so much that some broke into the club premises, causing a change in leadership and promises of new beginnings. After the death of the first Croatian president Franjo Tu?man, whom many saw as heavily preferring and financing Croatia Zagreb, 2001 saw Hajduk become champions once more after a memorable 4-2 win against Varteks in Vara?din, a match attended by far more Hajduk fans than locals. Unfortunately, financial conditions in the club were still dire, and the club was often on the precipice of bankruptcy and collapse.

And yet, even if operating with blocked account, chairman Branko Grgi? boosted with promises of attractive signings and trophies. Although Hajduk did manage to win Cup in 2003 and league titles in 2004 and 2005, as well as sign Dinamo's promising young captain Niko Kranj?ar and their legendary manager Miroslav Bla?evi?, when finances and politically driven leadership finally broke down, so did the club's results. Hajduk spent rest of the decade finishing behind its rival, with numerous coaching and management changes and reorganizations, players of dubious quality and mediocre international performances, worst of which came after being eliminated by Shelbourne and 0-5 home loss to Debrecen. The election of new chairman Mate Pero? in June 2008, upon which he changed the entire professional staff and reorganized the administration, brought only temporary relief. Hajduk achieved first away win against Dinamo after five-and-a-half years (2-0), but again finished behind their arch-rivals, and reached Croatian Cup finals only to lose to Dinamo once again in a two-game thriller which saw two 3-0 wins by both teams, before Dinamo won 4-3 in penalty shootout. More importantly, the club's finances did not radically change until next season, when Hajduk became joint stock company owned by the City of Split. Even if financially secure, newly appointed chairman Jo?ko Svagu?a continued the policy of expensive signings and unsustainable expenses to regain the club's former glory. In 2010, Hajduk won the Croatian Cup, its first trophy in five years, and later managed to qualify for the group stage of 2010-11 UEFA Europa League which was the first time since 1994 club secured a place in the group stages of UEFA competitions. Home wins against Dinamo Bucure?ti (3-0), Unirea Urziceni (4-1) and Anderlecht (1-0) were, however, just a temporary reminiscence of former successes.

Notable players of 90's and 00's include goalkeepers Stipe Pletikosa, Danijel Suba?i? and Ton?i Gabri?; defenders Igor ?timac, Igor Tudor and Darijo Srna; midfielders Milan Rapai?, Nenad Pralija, Dean Ra?unica, Niko Kranj?ar, Josip Skoko, Ivan Leko, Sr?an Andri? and Senijad Ibri?i?; and strikers Ardian Kozniku, Nikola Kalini? and Tomislav Erceg.

On 13 February 2011, Hajduk commemorated its 100th anniversary with a massive celebration in Split and all of Croatia, with both Hajduk players and fans honouring the club. The entire city was decorated with Hajduk banners, flags, posters and paraphernalia, and there was a spectacular firework show over Split. Hajduk played a friendly game with Slavia Prague to honour Hajduk's Czech origins, losing 0-2.[29]

Our Hajduk

All this time supporters led by Torcida led a struggle to end what they considered to be politically driven management of the club, and install experts to save Hajduk. In 2009, they started an initiative called "Dite puka" (People's Child) that should have prompted fans to buy up clubs shares and gain control of the club, which at the time didn't happen. However, in July 2011, inspired by examples in Germany and Sweden and organized under the association "Na? Hajduk" (Our Hajduk), fans managed to gain rights of organizing elections for members of the club's supervisory board, making Hajduk only fan-owned football club in Croatian First League, and one of only two in former Yugoslavia (the other being nearby HNK Trogir).

In 2012, the club fell into yet another financial trouble caused by former Hajduk presidents, leaving it with more than 100 million kunas in debt, and one town meeting away of being bankrupt. After forming lines in front of the City Hall on 15 October 2012, fans convinced the town leaders to sign a loan insurance to the newly elected chairman Marin Brbi? and start the club's long needed financial recovery. Since then, according to the club's annual financial report, Hajduk is under continuous financial and managerial recovery.[30][31][32] On 1 April 2015, Brbi? was sacked by the club's supervisory board and on 18 May replaced by Ivan Kos.[33]

During the time domestic results are considered of secondary issue, as many consider Croatian Football Federation and entire league system to be under control of Dinamo's unofficial chairman Zdravko Mami?.[34] Notable successes include 2-0 away win over Internazionale and winning the 2012-13 Croatian Cup. By the end of 2016, the club numbered 43.339 members, more than any club in the region.[35]

Stadium

Hajduk's home ground is the Poljud stadium. It has 35,000 seats and is one of the two largest stadiums in Croatia, designed by architect Boris Maga?, chosen among 20 other projects in a 1975 competition. The stadium was built for the 1979 Mediterranean Games, but was also a venue for the 1990 European Championships in athletics and the 2010 IAAF Continental Cup. The stadium is affectionately known to the locals as the "Poljudska ljepotica" or "Poljud beauty". The largest crowd recorded was in 1980 at a match against Hamburger SV - 52,000 spectators. Two years later, after the stadium was fully completed, its capacity was increased to 62,000 for a derby against Dinamo Zagreb.

From 1911 to 1979, Hajduk played in a stadium called "Kod stare Plinare", used today by RK Nada rugby club. The stadium's first name was "Krajeva njiva", but after club moved to Poljud, the old ground has become known in Split as the "Stari Plac" or "Staro Hajdukovo" (Old Hajduk's place). During this time, the stadium hosted a match between Yugoslavia and the Netherlands in the UEFA Euro 1972 qualifying tournament. Hajduk supporters who would later reestablish the once forbidden name of Torcida, were situated in the east stands. 3,148 games were played on it, with 9,542 goals scored, 11 championships and six cups have been won.

Panorama of the Poljud Stadium

Crest and colours

Colours

White jersey, blue shorts, blue socks
Hajduk's original home colours.

Hajduk played its first game in a strip with red and white vertical stripes, which symbolized the Croatian coat of arms. The former Austrian City Council did not want to be seen as partisan and would not allow club colors to be made up from the emergent Croatian tricolour. Hajduk changed its kit design to red and blue vertical stripes with white "Hajduk" written in the middle. 1914 saw the club choose a white shirt, blue shorts and socks; a combination that symbolizes white sails on a blue sea. The color white has since then become a symbol for the club, along with the nickname 'Bili' ('Whites').

Its away strip consists of red and blue shirts with vertical stripes (sometimes narrow, sometimes wide), blue shorts and socks, to symbolize the Croatian flag. From 2008 to 2011, the stripes were made horizontal. Although UEFA has not introduced compulsory registration of the third set of colours, one possibility was shirts of vertical red and white stripes, but were not adopted due to the resemblance of club colours of Red Star Belgrade. Third set of colours was therefore often a combination of first two (most often completely white outfit), until a new gray design, composed of small triangular fan flags was introduced in 2015.

At one time the main colours were to be a combination of navy blue, white with blue horizontal stripes, but this kit was only sporadically worn by goalkeepers Stipe Pletikosa and Danijel Suba?i?.

Crest

Hajduk's crest consists of the Croatian checkerboard with 25 red and white checkers bordered by a circle of blue ribbon, with two white vertical lines on each side. The words Hajduk and Split are written above and below the checkerboard respectively. The symbolism of the white vertical lines is still under discussion, with theories such as being a symbol of the four founders, the equals sign or quotation marks.

The modern crest is almost identical to the one created in 1911. The original was designed by one of club's founders Vjekoslav Ivani?evi?. It was then taken to Ana, the sister of the Kaliterna brothers who took a drawing of the crest to a convent where nuns created 20-30 pieces by hand. The crest first appeared in public in 1926 during a performance of the Tijardovi? opera Kraljica baluna as part of the scenery.

However, Hajduk did not wear the original crest before World War II as it was not obligatory at the time. After the club's rebirth following the end of WWII the new crest became just a red star - a symbol of anti-fascism which Hajduk stood up for during the war. In 1960, a new crest was made, similar to the old one but with the red star in the middle instead of the former red and white traditional checkerboard. In 1990, while on tour in Australia, the original crest was returned and has been used ever since.

Shirt sponsors and manufacturers

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1995-1996 Diadora Agrokor
1996-1997 Kaltenberg
1997-1999 Splitska banka
2000-2002 Umbro Privredna banka Zagreb
2002-2006 Agrokor
2006-2010 INA
2010 NTL
2011 Konzum
2012 Atlas d.d. (only 3 times)
2013 Apfel (only Croatian Cup final)
2013- Macron Tommy

Supporters

Torcida fans decorating the stands of Poljud stadium during the Eternal Derby in 2006.

Hajduk Split supporters, Torcida, were formed on 28 October 1950 by a group of students in Zagreb, namely Ante Dori?, Ante Ivani?evi? and Vjenceslav ?uvela, and are considered the oldest organized supporters group in Europe. They took their name from the Brazilian fan group they idolized, which comes from the Portuguese 'torcer' which means 'to cheer on'. "Hajduk lives forever" is their slogan.

Torcida members and other fervent fans gather in the north stand at the Poljud stadium from where they support their club. The 'Heart of Hajduk' (Croatian: Hajdu?ko srce) is an annual football prize which was established in 1994 and is officially awarded by the Hajduk Split supporters' to the team's best performing player during the season. It is awarded during the annual futsal competition Torcida Cup.

Rivalries

Enthusiastic fans set of flares at Poljud during the Eternal Derby match.

Today, Hajduk's biggest rivals are Dinamo Zagreb, as the matches between the two teams are referred to as "Eternal derby". Former major rivalries used to include Serbian clubs Red Star and Partizan who along with Hajduk and Dinamo were part of the so-called Yugoslav Big Four, the biggest and most successful clubs in the former Yugoslavia.

Players

Croatian teams are restricted to fielding at most six foreign players in the first eleven during the domestic league and cup matches.[36] The squad list includes only the principal nationality of each player; players who also hold Croatian citizenship are specifically noted.

Current squad

For details of former players, see List of HNK Hajduk Split players.

As of 05 August 2020[37]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
19 Croatia FW Ivan Deli? (NK Istra until 05 August 2020)

Retired numbers

12 - The 12th man (reserved for the club supporters)

Reserves

As of 06 August 2020[38]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
-- Croatia GK Vice Ba?dari?
-- Croatia GK Ivan Nin?evi?
-- Croatia GK Ivan Peri?
-- Croatia DF Vicko ?evelj
-- Croatia DF Marin Vuj?i?
-- Croatia DF Luka ?kari?i?
-- Croatia DF Bruno Unu?i?
-- Croatia DF David Ili?i?
-- Croatia DF Ante Bekavac
-- Croatia MF Filip Kosi?
-- Croatia MF Ivan Giljanovi?
No. Position Player
-- Croatia MF Luka Grubi?i?
-- Croatia MF Tin Jurica
-- Croatia MF Bruno Jenji?
-- Croatia MF Josip Mijatovi?
-- Croatia MF Ivan ?alu?i?
-- Croatia MF Ivan ?ubeli?
-- Croatia MF Jurica Pr?ir
-- Croatia FW Ivan ?ari?
-- Croatia FW Tino Bla? Lau?
-- Nigeria FW Stephen Chinedu
-- Croatia FW Marko Doman?i?

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
-- Croatia MF Dino Skorup (at Vara?din until 30 June 2021)
-- Croatia FW Michele ?ego (at Bravo until 30 June 2021)
-- Albania FW Emir Sahiti (at ?ibenik until 30 June 2021)
No. Position Player
-- Croatia FW Jurica Baji? (at Senica until 30 June 2021)
-- Croatia FW Luka Buble (at Croatia Zmijavci until 30 June 2021)
-- Kosovo MF Mark Bushaj (at Dugopolje until 31 December 2020)

Managers

Current technical staff

As of 3 January 2020[39][40]
Staff Job title
Croatia Ivan Kep?ija Director of football
Croatia Miroslav ?koro Manager
Croatia Hari Vukas Assistant Manager
Croatia Jurica Vu?ko Assistant Manager
Croatia Hrvoje Sunara Goalkeeper coach
Croatia Toni Modri? Physio
Croatia ?ime Ver?i? Physio
Croatia Mario Despotovi? Hajduk II Manager
Bosnia and Herzegovina Boro Primorac Academy director
Croatia Marijan Budimir Academy U-19 coach
Croatia Mislav Karoglan Academy U-18 coach
Croatia Jure Srzi? Academy U-17 coach
Croatia Sini?a ?egovi? Academy U-16 coach
Croatia Marko Si?i? Academy U-15 coach
Croatia Kre?imir Mikulandra Team manager
Croatia Bogdan Kon?ar Head of physiotherapy staff
Croatia Ante Bandalovi? Head of medical staff
Croatia Tea Be?lija Head of fitness staff
Croatia Ante Bili? Spokesman

Club statistics and records

Vedran Ro?i? holds the club's overall official games appearance record by playing in 390 matches over the course of 12 seasons from 1972 to 1984. Hajduk's all-time leading scorer in all competitions is Frane Mato?i?, scoring 211 official goals for the club, while Zlatko Vujovi? is all-time leading goalscorer in European competition with 19 goals.

Hajduk's record home attendance is 62,000 during a Yugoslav Championship match against Dinamo Zagreb on 28 February 1982. The record modern (all-seated) attendance is 38,000 for a match against Dinamo Zagreb on 22 February 2009.

Hajduk's first competitive game was a 9-0 victory against Calcio Spalato. 14-0 win over Slavija Sarajevo in 1934 was their largest league win during Yugoslav era. In Prva HNL club's largest league win was 10-0 against Radnik in 1994, while their biggest defeat was against Varteks in 2001, losing 1-5. Hajduk's biggest victory in European competitions was 8-0 against Gøtu Ítróttarfelag in 2002, while their heaviest defeat, 0-6, came against Ajax in 1993.[41]

UEFA club coefficient ranking

(As of 24 December 2017), Source: [1]

Rank Movement Team Points Change
154 Increase +29 Turkey Turkey 7.160 --
157 Decrease -29 Greece Panathinaikos F.C. 7.000 --
157 Decrease-17 Croatia Hajduk Split 7.000 --
157 Increase -9 Poland Lech Poznan 7.000 --
160 Steady Denmark AaB Aalborg 6.500 --

Honours

[42]

Hajduk won two Kingdom of Yugoslavia championships, seven Yugoslav championships,[43] six Croatian championships,[44] as well as nine Yugoslav Cup titles,[45] four Croatian Cups[46] and five Croatian Super Cups.[47] Abroad, the club has reached five European quarterfinals: three times in European Cup (now UEFA Champions League), once in UEFA Cup and once in Cup Winners' Cup, as well as two European semi-finals: Cup Winners' Cup 1973, and UEFA Cup 1984.

Domestic (38)

Croatian football league system
Yugoslav football league system

Best results in European competitions

Notable wins

Presidents

HNK Hajduk Split presidents since 1997
Name From-To
Croatia ?eljko Kova?evi? 1997-2000
Croatia Branko Grgi? 2000-2007
Croatia ?eljko Jerkov 2008
Croatia Mate Pero? 2008-2009
Croatia Jo?ko Svagu?a 2009-2010
Croatia Josip Grbi? 2010-2011
Croatia Hrvoje Male? 2011-2012
Croatia Marin Brbi? 2012-2016
Croatia Marijana Bo?njak (interim) 2016
Croatia Ivan Kos 2016-2018
CroatiaKosovo Jasmin Huljaj 2018-2019
Croatia Marin Brbi? 2019-2020

Awards

References

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External links


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