HMS Crown (1654)
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HMS Crown 1654

History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: Taunton
Builder: Castle, Rotherhithe
Launched: 1654
Renamed: HMS Crown, 1660
Fate: Wrecked, 1719
General characteristics as built[1]
Class and type: Fourth-rate frigate
Length: 104 ft (31.7 m) (keel)
Beam: 31 ft 8 in (9.7 m)
Depth of hold: 13 ft (4.0 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 40 guns (1660); 48 guns (1677)
General characteristics after 1704 rebuild[2]
Class and type: 46-54-gun fourth-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 652
Length: 126 ft 8 in (38.6 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 34 ft 5.5 in (10.5 m)
Depth of hold: 13 ft 6 in (4.1 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 46-54 guns of various weights of shot

The Taunton was a 40-gun fourth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy, originally built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England at Rotherhithe, and launched in 1654.[1]

After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, her name was changed to HMS Crown. By 1677 her armament had been increased to 48 guns.[1]

On 14 March 1674,[3]Crown, captained by Richard Carter, along with HMS Newcastle and HMS Cambridge captured the Dutch East Indiaman Wapen van Rotterdam in the Battle of Ronas Voe, as part of the Third Anglo-Dutch War.[4]

In 1704, Crown underwent a rebuild at Deptford Dockyard, from where she was relaunched as a fourth-rate ship of the line of between 46 and 54 guns.[2]

Crown was wrecked in 1719.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 160.
  2. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 167.
  3. ^ Written at London. "Londenen 3 April" [London 3 April]. Engelandt. Amsterdamsche Courant (in Dutch) (15). Amsterdam: Mattheus Cousart (published 10 April 1674). 3 April 1674. p. 1. Retrieved 2019 – via Delpher.
  4. ^ Bruce 1914, p. 101.

References

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Bruce, R. Stuart (1914). Johnston, Alfred W.; Johnston, Amy (eds.). "Part III - Replies - Naval Engagement, Rønis Vo, Shetland" (PDF). Old-Lore Miscellany of Orkney Shetland Caithness and Sutherland. London: Viking Society for Northern Research. VII (Old-Lore Series Vol. VIII.): 101-103 – via Viking Society Web Publications.



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