Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen GibbFBA (2 January 1895 - 22 October 1971), known as H. A. R. Gibb, was a Scottish historian on Orientalism.
Early life and education
Gibb was born on Wednesday, 2 January 1895, in Alexandria, Egypt, to Alexander Crawford Gibb (son of John Gibb of Gladstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland) and Jane Ann Gardner (of Greenock, Scotland). Alexander Crawford died in 1897, following which Gardner took up a teaching position in Alexandria. Hamilton returned to Scotland for his formal education at the age of five: first, four years of private tuition, after which he started at the Royal High School, Edinburgh in 1904, staying until 1912. His education was focused on classics, though it included French, German, and the physical sciences. In 1912, Hamilton matriculated at Edinburgh University, joining the new honours program in Semitic languages (Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic). Hamilton's mother died in 1913 as he was studying in his second year at the university.
^A?-l?, Ab? Bakr Mu?ammad b. Ya?y? (1936). Heyworth-Dunne, James (ed.). "Kit?b al-Awr?q: Ash?ar Awlad al-Khulafa' wa Akhbaruhum". E. J. W. Memorial Trust (in Arabic). London: Luzac & Co.: (Preface, p.11).