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Regierungsbezirk Gumbinnen (German pronunciation: [g?m'b?n?n]) was a Regierungsbezirk, or government region, of the Prussian province of East Prussia from 1808 until 1945. The regional capital was Gumbinnen (Gusev).
(blue) in East Prussia, after 1905
In 1808 during the Napoleonic Wars, East Prussia was divided into the Regierungsbezirke of Gumbinnen, comprising the eastern parts of the former Duchy of Prussia, and Königsberg. On November 1, 1905, the southern districts of the two regions were separated to create Regierungsbezirk Allenstein. The districts of Johannisburg, Lötzen, Lyck and Sensburg were transferred from Regierungsbezirk Gumbinnen to Regierungsbezirk Allenstein.
(blue) in East Prussia, before 1905
Regierungsbezirk Gumbinnen was dissolved in 1945 when East Prussia was partitioned between Poland and the Soviet Union after World War II according to the resolutions at the Potsdam Conference.
Districts in 1937
As of December 31, 1937
- Angerburg (W?gorzewo today, W?gobork between 1945-1946)
- Darkehmen (Ozyorsk today)
- Goldap (Goldap today)
- Gumbinnen (Gusevsky District today)
- Insterburg (Chernyakhovsk today)
- Niederung (seat: Heinrichswalde) (Slavsk today)
- Pillkallen (Dobrovolsk today, Schlossberg between 1938-1945)
- Stallupönen (Nesterov today, Ebenrode between 1938-1945)
- Tilsit-Ragnit (Sovetsk-Neman today) (seat: Tilsit)
- Treuburg (Name of district was Oletzko before 1933) (Seat: Marggrabowa or Oletzko between 1560-1928 and renamed as Treuburg in 1928, Olecko today)
Former Regional Government
(Bezirksregierung) or Government Building
(Regierung[spräsidium]), now office building in Gusev, 2009
Districts in 1945
As of January 1, 1945
- Elchniederung (seat: Heinrichswalde)
- Heydekrug (?ilut? today)
- Memel (Klaip?da today)
- Schloßberg (Ostpr.)
- Sudauen (Suwa?ki today)
- Tilsit-Ragnit (seat: Tilsit)