Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway
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Guangzhou%E2%80%93Shenzhen Railway

Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway
GuangshenRailway.svg
CRH6A at Guangzhou-Shenzhen Rail Line 2018 03.jpg
CRH6A at Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway in Guangzhou in March 2018
Overview
Native name?
StatusOperational
OwnerChina Railway
Line number4
LocaleGuangzhou
Dongguan
Shenzhen
TerminiGuangzhou
Shenzhen
Stations22
Service
TypeHigher-speed rail
Operator(s)Guangshen Railway Co., Ltd.
Rolling stockCRH1A EMU (Guangshen intercity train)
History
Opened8 October 1911
Technical
Line length147 km (91.342 mi)
Number of tracks4
Track gauge
ElectrificationCatenary (25 kV AC 50 Hz AC)
Operating speed200 km/h (120 mph) (tracks 1 and 2)
140 km/h (87 mph) (tracks 3 and 4)

Guangshen railway or Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway (Chinese: ? or ), also known as the Chinese section of the Kowloon-Canton railway () in 1911-1949, is a railway in Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China, between Guangzhou and Shenzhen. It is operated by Guangshen Railway Co., Ltd., a publicly traded company.

With a length of 147 kilometres, it was the first railway in the People's Republic of China to reach the speed of 220 km/h in some sections, though it is limited to about 180 km/h during commercial operation. Now it has four tracks between Guangzhou East and Shenzhen railway station. Line 1 and 2 are up-direction and down-direction 200-km/h (currently restricted to 180 km/h in operation) passenger lines for CRH EMU respectively, and Line 3 and 4 are up-direction and down-direction 160-km/h (currently restricted to 140 km/h in operation) mixed passenger and freight line respectively. In order to reduce the interference to passenger trains in the daytime from lower-speed freight trains, most freight trains will be scheduled to run at night.

Guangshen railway connects with several other important railways to different directions. It links Jingguang railway and Guangmao railway in Guangzhou, Jingjiu railway in Dongguan (with which shares two regular speed track), and the East Rail Line to Hong Kong at the southern end of the railway. Besides, there are some branch lines along Guangshen Railway, such as Pingyan railway to Yantian Port, Pingnan railway to Shenzhen West railway station and also the line to Huangbu Port.

Cross-border services from Hong Kong to Dongguan (Changping), Guangzhou East, Foshan and Zhaoqing, as well as to Beijing West and Shanghai use its route.

History

The idea of constructing a railway linking Canton (now Guangzhou) and Kowloon in Hong Kong, a British crown colony germinated in the late Qing dynasty. In 1899, Britain and the Qing government agreed to construct the Kowloon-Canton railway (KCR, also known as Canton-Kowloon Railway), but Britain postponed the construction as Britain was busy at the Second Boer War in Africa. In 1907, Qing government and Britain formally signed an agreement in Peking on issuing a £100-million bond as part of loan for the construction of the Chinese section of the Kowloon-Canton railway. In July 1907, construction of the British Section of the KCR began. The construction of Chinese section was delayed and only started in 1909. Under the loan contract, China needed to employ the British engineers for the construction of Chinese section, but China still employed famous Chinese railway engineers, Zhan Tianyou, as a consultant. On 8 October 1911, the Chinese section of KCR with total length of 142.77 km (88.71 mi)was opened.[1] The northern end of railway at that time was located in Dashatou (), Guangzhou, where was demolished in 1951. The through train service between Kowloon and Guangzhou also started to operate at the same time.

After the establishment of People's Republic of China in October 1949, the 'Chinese section of the Canton-Kowloon railway' was renamed 'Guangshen railway', and repair the railroad damaged during the war. In 1967, railway department carried out a comprehensive maintenance on Guangshen railway to improve the transport capacity. From 1980s, since the economic reform policy of China, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was established. The rapid economic development in the Pearl River Delta region brought large amount of importing goods and passengers to the railway. Therefore, the second line of Guangshen Railway was constructed during 1984-1987 in order to meet the huge demand. Simultaneously Guangshen Railway Company (the predecessor of Guangshen Railway Company), which was directly subordinated to the Guangzhou Railway Bureau (now Guangzhou Railway Group), was established. This company was in charge of the construction works and operational management of Guangshen Railway. In 1987, Guangshen railway became the first double-track railway in Guangdong province.


Image gallery

Indeed, Guangshen railway is the first place in China to carry out successfully speed-up on the existing railroad. At the beginning of the 1990s, Guangzhou Railway Bureau and the Ministry of Railways carried out the pre-feasibility research about raising the maximum speed of passenger trains to 160 km/h. At 28 December 1991, the construction of the third line of Guangshen railway, and the speed-up improvement works of original double tracks started. In October 1994, the maximum speed of a train reached 174 km/h during the test. At 22 December 1994, the first sub-high speed (160 km/h) passenger train in China started commercial operation between Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

Fourth track of Guangshen railway under construction

In 1998, the electrification of two sub-high speed lines of Guangshen railway was finished. After the improvement the 200 km/h high speed trains are allowed to run on the existing subhigh speed railroad. A Swedish-built X 2000 tilting train called 'Xinshisu' began to serve intercity train service between Guangzhou and Shenzhen, as well as the through train to Hong Kong. The train are 165m long, consisting of a power car, five passenger cars, and a trailing car. The non-power cars can have a pitch of up to 8 degrees. They are noted for being very quiet (less than 65 dBA) even at 200 km/h.

Construction of the fourth track was commenced at 31 December 2005, and was finished at 18 April 2007 in time for the Sixth Speed-Up Campaign. Since then Guangshen railway has been the first four-track railway in mainland China and it allows passenger trains and freight trains to run on separate lines.

Guangshen intercity trains

Tickets of intercity trains
CRH1A running on Guangshen railway

As of 2007, intercity train service between Guangzhou and Shenzhen uses 8-car CRH1A highspeed EMU. There are 100 pairs of trains operated daily, in which 98 pairs will stop for 1.5 minutes at three stations: Zhangmutou, Dongguan and Shilong. On the 'As-frequent-as-buses' basis, one pair of trains is dispatched every 5 minutes on average during peak hours. The fastest journey time is 52 minutes between Guangzhou East and Shenzhen for D7002 and D7008 with no stop.

Rolling stock

Time Rolling stocks using by Guangshen intercity trains
Before 1966 SL6 steam locomotive hauling 21 Series / 22 Series railway carriages
1966-mid-1970s SL6 steam locomotive / Dongfanghong1 / DF diesel locomotive (from 1972) hauling 21 Series / 22 Series railway carriage
Dongfanghong1 / DF diesel locomotive(from 1972) hauling 24 Series railway carriages with air-conditioning (91/92 Express)
1970s-late 1994 Locomotives: DF3 / ND2 / DF4B (from 1985) / DF9 diesel locomotive(from 1990s)
Passenger coaches: 24 Series with air-conditioning / 25 Series / 22 Series / 22 Series railway carriages with air-conditioning
Late 1994-1998 Locomotives:DF4B / DF9 / DF11 diesel locomotive
Passenger coaches:22 Series / Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning / 25Z Series
1998-2004 DF4B diesel locomotive hauling 22 Series / Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning /
SS8 electric locomotive / DF11 diesel locomotive hauling 25Z Series / 25C Series railway carriage
DDJ1 EMU(1999-2000)
Xianfenghao EMU(2001)
X2000 tilting train
DJJ1 EMU (Blue Arrow)(from 2001)
2004-2006 DF4B diesel locomotive hauling Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning /
SS8 electric locomotive / DF11 diesel locomotive hauling 25Z Series / 25C Series railway carriage
X2000 tilting train / DJJ1 EMU (Blue Arrow)
2007- DF11 diesel locomotive hauling 25Z Series railway carriage (Until 25 April 2007)
DF4B diesel locomotive hauling Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning (Until 30 June 2007)
DJJ1 EMU (Blue Arrow) (Until 25 April 2007)
CRH1A EMU (from 1 February 2007)

Stations

Stations with services

Most of the stations on the line are now abandoned for passenger service. Currently, the only stations on the line offering passengers service are, in order:

Station
No.
Station Name Chinese Distance
km
PRD MIR (CR C-train)
transfers/connections
Metro
transfers/connections
Location
GZQ Guangzhou 0 0  GFZ *  GQ  Guangzhou Metro  2   5  Yuexiu Guangzhou
GGQ Guangzhou East
Guangzhoudong
8 8  SS * Guangzhou Metro  1   3  Tianhe
RTQ Dongguan 64 72 Dongguan Rail Transit  2  Shilong Dongguan
DAQ Changping 18 90 Changping
ZOQ Zhangmutou 13 103 Zhangmutou
PHQ Pinghu 24 127 Longgang Shenzhen
BJQ Shenzhen East
Shenzhendong
12 139 Shenzhen Metro 3 5
SZQ Shenzhen 8 147 Shenzhen Metro 1 MTR East Rail Luohu

All existing stations

Cross-Line Traffic

There are services of EMUs using Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway as part of the route. 12 daily trains are offered between Guangzhou East Railway Station and Chaoshan Railway Station, one of which will continue to Xiamen. Starting 10 July 2019, there will also be a daily service between Shenzhen Railway Station and Huaiji Railway Station on Guiyang-Guangzhou HSR.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Canton-Kowloon Chinese Railway 5% Loan - 1938". Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 2009.
  2. ^ "7(?) - ". jt.sz.bendibao.com. Retrieved 2019.
  1. ^ Top class; Chinese:

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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