Greek Gods
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Greek Gods


The following is a list of gods, goddesses and many other divine and semi-divine figures from ancient Greek mythology and ancient Greek religion.

Immortals

The Greeks created images of their deities for many purposes. A temple would house the statue of a god or goddess, or multiple deities, and might be decorated with relief scenes depicting myths. Divine images were common on coins. Drinking cups and other vessels were painted with scenes from Greek myths.

Major gods and goddesses

Deity Description
NAMA Aphrodite Syracuse.jpg Aphrodite (, Aphrodit?)

Goddess of beauty, love, desire, and pleasure. In Hesiod's Theogony (188-206), she was born from sea-foam and the severed genitals of Uranus; in Homer's Iliad (5.370-417), she is daughter of Zeus and Dione. She was married to Hephaestus, but bore him no children. She had many lovers, most notably Ares, to whom she bore Harmonia, Phobos, and Deimos. She was also a lover to Adonis and Anchises, to whom she bore Aeneas. She is usually depicted as a naked or semi-nude beautiful woman. Her symbols include myrtle, roses, and the scallop shell. Her sacred animals include doves and sparrows. Her Roman counterpart is Venus.[1]

Pothos, lira, dan angsa (inv 6253 MANN).jpg Apollo (?, Apóll?n)

God of music, arts, knowledge, healing, plague, prophecy, poetry, manly beauty, and archery. He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. Both Apollo and Artemis use a bow and arrow. Apollo is depicted as young, beardless, handsome and athletic. In myth, he can be cruel and destructive, and his love affairs are rarely happy. He is often accompanied by the Muses. His most famous temple is in Delphi, where he established his oracular shrine. His signs and symbols include the laurel wreath, bow and arrow, and lyre. His sacred animals include roe deer, swans, and pythons. Some late Roman and Greek poetry and mythography identifies him as a sun-god, equivalent to Roman Sol and Greek Helios.[2]

Ares Canope Villa Adriana b.jpg Ares (?, Ár?s)

God of courage, war, bloodshed, and violence. The son of Zeus and Hera, he was depicted as a beardless youth, either nude with a helmet and spear or sword, or as an armed warrior. Homer portrays him as moody and unreliable, and as being the most unpopular god on earth and Olympus (Iliad 5.890-1). He generally represents the chaos of war in contrast to Athena, a goddess of military strategy and skill. Ares is known for cuckolding his brother Hephaestus, conducting an affair with his wife Aphrodite. His sacred animals include vultures, venomous snakes, dogs, and boars. His Roman counterpart Mars by contrast was regarded as the dignified ancestor of the Roman people.[3]

Diane de Versailles Leochares.jpg Artemis (?, Ártemis)

Virgin goddess of the hunt, wilderness, animals, the Moon and young girls. In later times, Artemis became associated with bows and arrows. She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and twin sister of Apollo. In art she is often depicted as a young woman dressed in a short knee-length chiton and equipped with a hunting bow and a quiver of arrows. Her attributes include hunting spears, animal pelts, deer and other wild animals. Her sacred animal is a deer. Her Roman counterpart is Diana.[4]

Mattei Athena Louvre Ma530 n2.jpg Athena (, Ath?nâ)

Goddess of reason, wisdom, intelligence, skill, peace, warfare, battle strategy, and handicrafts. According to most traditions, she was born from Zeus's forehead, fully formed and armored. She is depicted as being crowned with a crested helm, armed with shield and spear, and wearing the aegis over a long dress. Poets describe her as "grey-eyed" or having especially bright, keen eyes. She is a special patron of heroes such as Odysseus. She is the patron of the city Athens (from which she takes her name) and is attributed to various inventions in arts and literature. Her symbol is the olive tree. She is commonly shown as being accompanied by her sacred animal, the owl. Her Roman counterpart is Minerva.[5]

Demeter Altemps Inv8546.jpg Demeter (?, D?m?t?r)

Goddess of grain, agriculture, harvest, growth, and nourishment. Demeter, whose Roman counterpart is Ceres, is a daughter of Cronus and Rhea, and was swallowed and then regurgitated by her father. She is a sister of Zeus, by whom she bore Persephone, who is also known as Kore, i.e. "the girl." One of the central myths associated with Demeter involves Hades' abduction of Persephone and Demeter's lengthy search for her. Demeter is one of the main deities of the Eleusinian Mysteries, in which the rites seemed to center around Demeter's search for and reunion with her daughter, which symbolized both the rebirth of crops in spring and the rebirth of the initiates after death. She is depicted as a mature woman, often crowned and holding sheafs of wheat and a torch.[6] Her symbols are the cornucopia, wheat-ears, the winged serpent, and the lotus staff. Her sacred animals include pigs and snakes.

Dionysos Louvre Ma87 n2.jpg Dionysus (, Diónusos)/Bacchus (, Bákkhos)

God of wine, fruitfulness, parties, festivals, madness, chaos, drunkenness, vegetation, ecstasy, and the theater. He is the twice-born son of Zeus and Semele, in that Zeus snatched him from his mother's womb and stitched Dionysus into his own thigh and carried him until he was ready to be born. In art he is depicted as either an older bearded god (particularly before 430 BC) or an effeminate, long-haired youth (particularly after 430 BC). His attributes include the thyrsus, a drinking cup, the grape vine, and a crown of ivy. He is often in the company of his thiasos, a group of attendants including satyrs, maenads, and his old tutor Silenus. The consort of Dionysus was Ariadne. It was once held that Dionysius was a later addition to the Greek pantheon, but the discovery of Linear B tablets confirm his status as a deity from an early period. Bacchus was another name for him in Greek, and came into common usage among the Romans.[7] His sacred animals include dolphins, serpents, tigers, and donkeys.

Hades-et-Cerberus-III.jpg Hades (?, Háid?s)/Pluto (?, Plout?n)

King of the underworld and the dead. God of wealth. His consort is Persephone. His attributes are the drinking horn or cornucopia, key, sceptre, and the three-headed dog Cerberus. His sacred animals include the screech owl. He was one of three sons of Cronus and Rhea, and thus sovereign over one of the three realms of the universe, the underworld. As a chthonic god, however, his place among the Olympians is ambiguous. In the mystery religions and Athenian literature, Plouton ("the Rich one") was his preferred name, because of the idea that all riches came from the earth. The term Hades was used in this literature to refer to the underworld itself. The Romans translated Plouton as Dis Pater ("the Rich Father") or Pluto.[8]

Vulcan Coustou Louvre MR1814.jpg Hephaestus (, H?phaistos)

God of fire, metalworking, and crafts. Either the son of Zeus and Hera or Hera alone, he is the smith of the gods and the husband of the adulterous Aphrodite. He was usually depicted as a bearded, crippled man with hammer, tongs, and anvil, and sometimes riding a donkey. His sacred animals include the donkey, the guard dog, and the crane. Among his creations was the armor of Achilles. Hephaestus used the fire of the forge as a creative force, but his Roman counterpart Vulcan was feared for his destructive potential and associated with the volcanic power of the earth.

Hera Campana Louvre Ma2283.jpg Hera (, H?ra)

Queen of the gods, and goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings, and empires. She is the wife and sister of Zeus, and the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was usually depicted as a regal woman in the prime of her life, wearing a diadem and veil and holding a lotus-tipped staff. Although she is the goddess of marriage, Zeus's many infidelities drive her to jealousy and vengefulness. Her sacred animals include the heifer, the peacock, and the cuckoo. Her Roman counterpart is Juno.

Hermes Ingenui Pio-Clementino Inv544.jpg Hermes (, H?rmês)

God of boundaries, travel, communication, trade, language, thieves and writing. Hermes was also responsible for protecting livestock and presided over the spheres associated with fertility, music, luck, and deception.[9] The son of Zeus and Maia, Hermes is the messenger of the gods, and a psychopomp who leads the souls of the dead into the afterlife. He was depicted either as a handsome and athletic beardless youth, or as an older bearded man. His attributes include the herald's wand or caduceus, winged sandals, and a traveler's cap. His sacred animals include the tortoise. His Roman counterpart is Mercury.

Hestia Giustiniani.jpg Hestia (, Hestía)

Virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and chastity. She is a daughter of Rhea and Cronus, and a sister of Zeus. Not often identifiable in Greek art, she appeared as a modestly veiled woman. Her symbols are the hearth and kettle. In some accounts, she gave up her seat as one of the Twelve Olympians in favor of Dionysus, and she plays little role in Greek myths. Her Roman counterpart Vesta, however, was a major deity of the Roman state.

0036MAN Poseidon.jpg Poseidon (, Poseidôn)

God of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, and earthquakes. He is a son of Cronus and Rhea, and the brother of Zeus and Hades. He rules one of the three realms of the universe, as king of the sea and the waters. In art he is depicted as a mature man of sturdy build, often with a luxuriant beard, and holding a trident. His sacred animals include the horse and the dolphin. His wedding with Amphitrite is often presented as a triumphal procession. In some stories he rapes Medusa, leading to her transformation into a hideous Gorgon and also to the birth of their two children, Pegasus and Chrysaor. His Roman counterpart is Neptune.

Jupiter Smyrna Louvre Ma13.jpg Zeus (?, Zeús)

King of the gods, ruler of Mount Olympus, and god of the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and justice. He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea. He overthrew Cronus and gained the sovereignty of heaven for himself. In art he is depicted as a regal, mature man with a sturdy figure and dark beard. His usual attributes are the royal scepter and the lightning bolt. His sacred animals include the eagle and the bull. His Roman counterpart is Jupiter, also known as Jove.

Primordial deities

Ancient Greek name English name Description
(Akhlús) Achlys The goddess of poisons, and the personification of misery and sadness. Said to have existed before Chaos itself.
(Aith?r) Aether The god of light and the upper atmosphere.
? (Ai?n) Aion The god of eternity, personifying cyclical and unbounded time. Sometimes equated with Chronos.
(Anánk?) Ananke The goddess of inevitability, compulsion, and necessity.
? (Kháos) Chaos The personification of nothingness from which all of existence sprang. Depicted as a void. Initially genderless, later on described as female.
(Khrónos) Chronos The god of empirical time, sometimes equated with Aion. Not to be confused with the Titan Cronus (Kronos), the father of Zeus.
(Érebos) Erebus The god of darkness and shadow.
? (Ér?s) Eros The god of love and attraction.
? (Gaîa) Gaia (Gaea) Personification of the Earth (Mother Earth); mother of the Titans.
(H?méra) Hemera The goddess of day.
(Húpnos) Hypnos The personification of sleep.
? (Némesis) Nemesis The goddess of retribution.
(Nêsoi) The Nesoi The goddesses of islands.
(Núx) Nyx The goddess of night.
(Oúrea) The Ourea The gods of mountains.
(Phán?s) Phanes The god of procreation in the Orphic tradition.
(Póntos) Pontus The god of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures.
(Tártaros) Tartarus The god of the deepest, darkest part of the underworld, the Tartarean pit (which is also referred to as Tartarus itself).
? (Thálassa) Thalassa Personification of the sea and consort of Pontus.
? (Thánatos) Thanatos God of death. Brother to Hypnos (Sleep) and Moros (Doom).
? (Ouranós) Uranus The god of the heavens (Father Sky); father of the Titans.

Titans and Titanesses

The Titan gods and goddesses are depicted in Greek art less commonly than the Olympians.

Greek name English name Description
The Twelve Titans
(Koîos) Coeus God of intellect and the axis of heaven around which the constellations revolved.
(Kreîos) Crius The least individualized of the Twelve Titans, he is the father of Astraeus, Pallas, and Perses. Implied to be the god of constellations.
(Krónos) Cronus God of harvests and personification of destructive time. The leader of the Titans, who overthrew his father Uranus only to be overthrown in turn by his son, Zeus. Not to be confused with Chronos.
? (Hyperí?n) Hyperion God of light. With Theia, he is the father of Helios (the sun), Selene (the moon), and Eos (the dawn).
? (Iapetós) Iapetus God of mortality and father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menoetius, and Atlas.
M (Mn?mosýn?) Mnemosyne Goddess of memory and remembrance, and mother of the Nine Muses.
? (?ceanós) Oceanus God of the all-encircling river Oceans around the earth, the fount of all the Earth's fresh-water.
(Phoíb?) Phoebe Goddess of the "bright" intellect and prophecy, and consort of Coeus.
(Rhéa) Rhea Goddess of fertility, motherhood and the mountain wilds. She is the sister and consort of Cronus, and mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia.
(T?thýs) Tethys Goddess of fresh-water, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains, and clouds.
? (Theía) Theia Goddess of sight and the shining light of the clear blue sky. She is the consort of Hyperion, and mother of Helios, Selene, and Eos.
(Thémis) Themis Goddess of divine law and order.
Other Titans
? (Astería) Asteria Goddess of nocturnal oracles and falling stars.
(Astraîos) Astraeus God of dusk, stars, and planets, and the art of astrology.
(Átlas) Atlas God forced to carry the heavens upon his shoulders by Zeus. Presumed to be the god of endurance and astronomy. Also Son of Iapetus.
(Di?n?) Dione Goddess of the oracle of Dodona.
(H?lios) Helios God of the sun and guardian of oaths.
(Sel?n?) Selene Goddess of the moon.
(s) Eos Goddess of the dawn.
(Epim?theús) Epimetheus God of afterthought and the father of excuses.
(L?lantos) Lelantos The father of the nymph Aura. Said to have probably been the god of air and the unseen.
? (L?t?) Leto Goddess of motherhood and mother of the twin Olympians, Artemis and Apollo.
(Menoítios) Menoetius God of violent anger, rash action, and human mortality. Killed by Zeus.
(Mtis) Metis Goddess of good counsel, advice, planning, cunning, craftiness, and wisdom. Mother of Athena.
(Pállas) Pallas God of warcraft. He was killed by Athena during the Titanomachy.
(Pérs?s) Perses God of destruction.
(Prom?theús) Prometheus God of forethought and crafty counsel, and creator of mankind.
? (Stýx) Styx God of the Underworld river Styx and personification of hatred.

Gigantes and other "giants"

Gigantes

Athena (left) fighting Enceladus (inscribed retrograde) on an Attic red-figure dish, c. 550-500 BC (Louvre CA3662).[10]

The Gigantes were the offspring of Gaia (Earth), born from the blood that fell when Uranus (Sky) was castrated by their Titan son Cronus, who fought the Gigantomachy, their war with the Olympian gods for supremacy of the cosmos, they include:

Other "giants"

  • Aloadae (?), twin giants who attempted to climb to Olympus by piling mountains on top of each other.
    • Otus or Otos (?)
    • Ephialtes ()
  • Anax (?) was a giant of the island of Lade near Miletos in Lydia, Anatolia.
  • Antaeus (?), a Libyan giant who wrestled all visitors to the death until he was slain by Heracles
  • Antiphates (), the king of the man-eating giants known as Laestrygones which were encountered by Odysseus on his travels.
  • Argus Panoptes ( ), a hundred-eyed giant tasked with guarding over Io
  • Asterius (), a Lydian giant.
  • Cacus (), a fire-breathing Latin giant slain by Heracles.
  • Cyclopes (Hesiodic), three one-eyed giants who forged the lightning-bolts of Zeus, Trident of Poseidon and Helmet of Hades
    • Arges ()
    • Brontes (?)
    • Steropes ()
  • Cyclopes (Homeric), a tribe of one-eyed, man-eating giants who herded flocks of sheep on the island of Sicily
    • Polyphemus (), a Cyclops who briefly captured Odysseus and his men, only to be overcome and blinded by the hero
  • The Gegenees (), a tribe of six-armed giants fought by the Argonauts on Bear Mountain in Mysia
  • Geryon (), a three-bodied giant who dwelt on the sunset isle at the ends of the earth. He was slain by Heracles when the hero arrived to fetch the giant's cattle as one of his twelve labours.
  • The Hekatoncheires (), or Centimanes (Latin), the Hundred-Handed Ones, giant gods of violent storms and hurricanes. Three sons of Uranus and Gaia, each with his own distinct characters.[11]
    • Briareus () or Aigaion (?), The Vigorous
    • Cottus (), The Furious
    • Gyges (), The Big-Limbed
  • The Laestrygonians (), a tribe of man-eating giants encountered by Odysseus on his travels
  • Orion (), a giant huntsman whom Zeus placed among the stars as the constellation of Orion
  • Talos (), a giant forged from bronze by Hephaestus, and given by Zeus to his lover Europa as her personal protector
  • Tityos (), a giant slain by Apollo and Artemis when he attempted to violate their mother Leto.
  • Typhon (), a monstrous immortal storm-giant who attempted to launch an attack on Mount Olympus but was defeated by the Olympians and imprisoned in the pits of Tartarus

Personified concepts

  • Achlys (), spirit of the death-mist, personification of sadness, misery and poison
  • Adephagia (), spirit of satiety and gluttony
  • Adikia (), spirit of injustice and wrongdoing
  • Aergia (), spirit of idleness, laziness, indolence and sloth
  • Agathodaemon (), spirit of the vineyards and grainfields. Ensuring good luck, health, and wisdom.
  • Agon (?), spirit of contest, who possessed an altar at Olympia, site of the Olympic Games.
  • Aidos (), spirit of modesty, reverence and respect
  • Aisa (?), personification of lot and fate
  • Alala (), spirit of the war cry
  • Alastor (?), spirit of blood feuds and vengeance
  • Aletheia (?), spirit of truth, truthfulness and sincerity
  • The Algea (), spirits of pain and suffering
    • Achos (?) "trouble, distress"
    • Ania (?) "ache, anguish"
    • Lupe (?) "pain, grief, sadness"
  • Alke (?), spirit of prowess and courage (one of the Machai)
  • Amechania (), spirit of helplessness and want of means
  • The Amphilogiai (?), spirits of disputes, debate, and contention
  • Anaideia (), spirit of ruthlessness, shamelessness, and unforgivingness
  • The Androktasiai (), spirits of battlefield slaughter
  • Angelia (?), spirit of messages, tidings and proclamations
  • Apate (), spirit of deceit, guile, fraud and deception
  • Apheleia (?), spirit of simplicity
  • The Arae (?), spirits of curses
  • Arete (), spirit of virtue, excellence, goodness, and valour
  • Atë (), spirit of delusion, infatuation, blind folly, recklessness, and ruin
  • Bia ( "Violence"), the personification of force and raw energy
  • Caerus (), spirit of opportunity
  • Corus (), spirit of surfeit
  • Deimos (), spirit of fear, dread, and terror
  • Dikaiosyne (?), spirit of justice and righteousness
  • Dike (?), spirit of justice, fair judgement, and the rights established by custom and law
  • Dolos (), spirit of trickery, cunning deception, craftiness, treachery, and guile
  • Dysnomia (), spirit of lawlessness and poor civil constitution
  • Dyssebeia (), spirit of impiety
  • Eirene (), goddess of peace
  • Eiresione (), personification of the olive branch
  • Ekecheiria (), spirit of truce, armistice, and the cessation of all hostilities; honoured at the Olympic Games
  • Eleos (), spirit of mercy, pity, and compassion
  • Elpis (), spirit of hope and expectation
  • Epiphron (?), spirit of prudence, shrewdness, thoughtfulness, carefulness, and sagacity
  • Eris (?), spirit of strife, discord, contention, and rivalry
Eros
  • The Erotes ()
    • Anteros (?), god of requited love
    • Eros (?), god of love and sexual intercourse
    • Hedylogos (), god of sweet talk and flattery
    • Hermaphroditus (), god of unions, androgyny, marriage, sexuality and fertility
    • Himeros (), god of sexual desire
    • Hymen (?) or Hymenaeus (), god of marriage ceremonies, inspiring feasts and song
    • Pothos (), god of sexual longing, yearning, and desire
  • Eucleia (?), spirit of good repute and glory
  • Eulabeia (), spirit of discretion, caution, and circumspection
  • Eunomia (?), goddess of good order and lawful conduct
  • Eupheme (), spirit of words of good omen, acclamation, praise, applause, and shouts of triumph
  • Eupraxia (E?), spirit of well-being
  • Eusebeia (E?), spirit of piety, loyalty, duty, and filial respect
  • Euthenia (?), spirit of prosperity, abundance, and plenty
  • Gelos (), spirit of laughter
  • Geras (), spirit of old age
  • Harmonia (?), goddess of harmony and concord
  • Hedone (), spirit of pleasure, enjoyment, and delight
  • Heimarmene (), personification of share destined by fate
  • Homados (), spirit of the din of battle
  • Homonoia (?), spirit of concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind
  • Horkos (), spirit of oaths
  • Horme (?), spirit of impulse or effort (to do a thing), eagerness, setting oneself in motion, and starting an action
  • Hybris (), spirit of outrageous behaviour
  • Hypnos (), god of sleep
Hermes watches Hypnos and Thanatos carry the dead Sarpedon from the battlefield at Troy (Euphronios krater)
  • The Hysminai (?), spirits of fighting and combat
  • Ioke (?), spirit of pursuit in battle
  • Kakia (K?), spirit of vice and moral badness
  • The Keres (), spirit of violent or cruel death
  • Koalemos (), spirit of stupidity and foolishness
  • Kratos (), spirit of strength, might, power, and sovereign rule
  • Kydoimos (), spirit of the din of battle, confusion, uproar, and hubbub
  • Lethe (?), spirit of forgetfulness and oblivion, and of the river of the same name
  • Limos (), spirit of hunger and starvation
  • The Litae (), spirits of prayer
  • Lyssa (), spirit of rage, fury and rabies in animals
  • The Machai (), spirits of fighting and combat
  • Mania (), spirit or spirits of madness, insanity, and frenzy
  • The Moirai, or "Fates" ()
    • Clotho (), the spinner of the life thread
    • Lachesis (?), the measurer of the life thread
    • Atropos (?), the severer of the life thread
  • Momus (), spirit of mockery, blame, censure and stinging criticism
  • Moros (), spirit of doom
  • The Neikea ( ), spirits of quarrels, feuds and grievances
  • Nemesis (?), goddess of revenge, balance, righteous indignation, and retribution
  • Nike (?), goddess of victory
  • Nomos (), spirit of law
  • Oizys (), spirit of woe and misery
  • The Oneiroi (?), Dreams
  • Palioxis (), spirit of backrush, flight and retreat from battle
  • Peitharchia (), spirit of discipline
  • Peitho (), spirit of persuasion and seduction
  • Penia (), spirit of poverty and need
  • Penthus (), spirit of grief, mourning, and lamentation
  • Pepromene (), personification of the destined share, similar to Heimarmene
  • Pheme (?), spirit of rumour, report, and gossip
  • Philophrosyne (), spirit of friendliness, kindness, and welcome
  • Philotes (?), spirit of friendship, affection, and sexual intercourse
  • Phobos (), spirit of panic fear, flight, and battlefield rout
  • The Phonoi (), spirits of murder, killing, and slaughter
  • Phrike (), spirit of horror and trembling fear
  • Phthonus (), spirit of envy and jealousy
  • Pistis (), spirit of trust, honesty, and good faith
  • Poine (), spirit of retribution, vengeance, recompense, punishment, and penalty for the crime of murder and manslaughter
  • Polemos (?), personification of war
  • Ponos (), spirit of hard labour and toil
  • Poros (), spirit of expediency, the means of accomplishing or providing, contrivance and device
  • Praxidike (), spirit of exacting justice
  • Proioxis (), spirit of onrush and battlefield pursuit
  • Prophasis (), spirit of excuses and pleas
  • Ptocheia (?), spirit of beggary
  • Roma, a female deity who personified the city of Rome
  • Soter (), male spirit of safety, preservation, and deliverance from harm
  • Soteria (?), female personification of safety, preservation, and deliverance from harm
  • Sophrosyne (), spirit of moderation, self-control, temperance, restraint, and discretion
  • Thanatos (?), spirit of death and mortality
  • Thrasos (), spirit of boldness
  • Tyche (?), goddess of fortune, chance, providence, and fate
  • Zelos ( ), spirit of eager rivalry, emulation, envy, jealousy, and zeal

Chthonic deities

  • Amphiaraus (), a seer, and one of the Seven against Thebes who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
  • Angelos (?), a daughter of Zeus and Hera who became an underworld goddess
  • Askalaphos (), the son of Acheron and Orphne who tended the Underworld orchards before being transformed into a screech owl by Demeter
  • Charon (), ferryman of Hades
  • Cronus (), deposed king of the Titans; after his release from Tartarus he was appointed king of the Island of the Blessed
  • Erebos (), the primeval god of darkness, his mists encircled the underworld and filled the hollows of the earth
  • The Erinyes (?), the Furies, goddesses of retribution, known as "The Kindly Ones"
  • Hecate (), goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts, and necromancy
  • Judges of the Dead
    • Aiakos (), former mortal king of Aegina, guardian of the keys of Hades and judge of the men of Europe
    • Minos (), former mortal king of Crete and judge of the final vote
    • Rhadamanthys (?), former mortal lawmaker and judge of the men of Asia
  • Keuthonymos (?), an Underworld spirit and father of Menoetes
  • Lampades (), torch-bearing Underworld nymphs
    • Gorgyra (?)
    • Orphne (), a Lampad nymph of Hades, mother of Askalaphos
  • Macaria (?), daughter of Hades and goddess of blessed death (not to be confused with the daughter of Heracles)
  • Melinoe (?), daughter of Persephone and Zeus who presided over the propitiations offered to the ghosts of the dead
  • Menoetes (), an Underworld spirit who herded the cattle of Hades
  • Nyx (), the primeval goddess of night
  • Hades (¨?) God of underworld and all things beneath the earth
  • Persephone (), queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
  • Rivers of the Underworld
  • Tartarus (), the primeval god of the dark, stormy pit of Hades
  • Thanatos (?), god of death
  • Zagreus (?), an underworld god, possibly a son of Zeus and Persephone

Sea deities

  • Aegaeon (?), god of violent sea storms and ally of the Titans
  • Amphitrite (), sea goddess and consort of Poseidon
  • Benthesikyme (), daughter of Poseidon, who resided in Ethiopia
  • Brizo (), patron goddess of sailors, who sent prophetic dreams
  • Ceto (?), goddess of the dangers of the ocean and of sea monsters
  • Cymopoleia (?), a daughter of Poseidon married to the Giant Briareus
  • Eidothea (?), prophetic sea nymph and daughter of Proteus
  • Glaucus (?), the fisherman's sea god and oracle
  • Leucothea (), a sea goddess who aided sailors in distress
  • Nereides (), sea nymphs
    • Arethusa (), a daughter of Nereus who was transformed into a fountain
    • Dynamene (), associated with the might and power of great ocean swells
    • Galene (), goddess of calm seas
    • Psamathe (?), goddess of sand beaches
    • Thetis (), leader of the Nereids who presided over the spawning of marine life in the sea
  • Nereus (), the old man of the sea, and the god of the sea's rich bounty of fish
  • Nerites (?), a sea spirit who was transformed into a shell-fish by Aphrodite
  • Oceanides (), sea nymphs, and patronesses of bodies of fresh water
    Some notable Oceanides include:
    For a more complete list, see List of Oceanids
  • Oceanus (?), god of the Earth-encircling river Oceanus (the ocean), the fountain of all the Earth's fresh water
  • Potamoi (?), Gods of rivers and streams of the earth
    Some notable river gods include:
    • Achelous, the god of the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece, who gave his daughter in marriage to Alcmaeon.
    • Alpheus, who fell in love with the nymph Arethusa.
    • Inachus, the first king of Argos and progenitor of Argive line through his son grandson Argus.
    • Nilus, Egyptian river god and the father of numerous daughters that mingled with the descendants of Inachus.
    • Peneus, river god of Thessaly flowing from the foot of Pindus. He was the father of Daphne and Stilbe.
    • Scamander, who fought on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan War.
  • Palaemon (), a young sea god who aided sailors in distress
  • Phorcys (), god of the hidden dangers of the deep
  • Pontos (), primeval god of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures
  • Proteus (?), a shape-shifting, prophetic old sea god, and the herdsman of Poseidon's seals
  • Poseidon (), king of the sea and lord of the sea gods; also god of rivers, flood and drought, earthquakes, and horses
  • Sangarius (), a river-god
  • The Telchines (), sea spirits native to the island of Rhodes; the gods killed them when they turned to evil magic
    • Actaeus (?)
    • Argyron (?)
    • Atabyrius ()
    • Chalcon ()
    • Chryson ()
    • Damon () or Demonax (?)
    • Damnameneus ()
    • Dexithea (?), mother of Euxanthios by Minos
    • Lycos () or Lyktos ()
    • Lysagora ()?
    • Makelo ()
    • Megalesius (?)
    • Mylas ()
    • Nikon ()
    • Ormenos (?)
    • Simon ()
    • Skelmis (?)
  • Tethys (), goddess of the sources of fresh water, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains, and clouds
  • Thalassa (?), primeval goddess of the sea and consort of Pontos
  • Thaumas (), god of the wonders of the sea
  • Thoosa (), goddess of swift currents
  • Triteia (?), daughter of Triton and companion of Ares
  • Triton (), fish-tailed son and herald of Poseidon
  • Tritones (), fish-tailed spirits in Poseidon's retinue
Poseidon and Amphitrite framed by erotes and riding in a chariot drawn by hippocamps; below them are fishermen at work, with nymphs and creatures of the sea in the waters (color-enhanced Roman-era mosaic)

Sky deities

  • Aeolus (Aiolos) (), god of the winds.
  • Aether (), primeval god of the upper air
  • Alectrona (), solar goddess of the morning or waking up
  • Anemoi, (), gods of the winds
    • Aparctias (), another name for the north wind (not identified with Boreas)
    • Apheliotes (), god of the east wind (when Eurus is considered southeast)
    • Argestes (), another name for the west or northwest wind
    • Boreas (), god of the north wind and of winter
    • Caicias (?), god of the northeast wind
    • Circios (?) or Thraskias (), god of the north-northwest wind
    • Euronotus (), god of the southeast wind
    • Eurus (), god of the unlucky east or southeast wind
    • Lips (), god of the southwest wind
    • Notus () god of the south wind
    • Skeiron (?), god of the northwest wind
    • Zephyrus (?), god of the west wind
  • Arke (?), messenger of the Titans and twin sister of Iris
  • Astraios (), god of stars and planets, and the art of astrology
  • The Astra Planeti ( ), gods of the five wandering stars or planets
  • Aurai (), nymphs of the cooling breeze
    • Aura (?), goddess of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning
  • Chione (), goddess of snow and daughter of Boreas
  • Eos (), goddess of the dawn
  • Ersa (?), goddess of the morning dew
  • Helios (), god of the sun and guardian of oaths
  • Hemera (), primeval goddess of the day
  • Hera (), queen of the gods
  • The Hesperides, (´), nymphs of the evening and sunset
  • Iris (?), goddess of the rainbow and divine messenger
  • Men (), a lunar deity worshiped in the western interior parts of Anatolia.
  • Nephele (), cloud nymph
  • Nyx, (), goddess of night
  • Pandia (), daughter of Selene and Zeus
  • The Pleiades (), goddesses of the star cluster Pleiades and were associated with rain
  • Sabazios (), the nomadic horseman and sky father god of the Phrygians and Thracians
  • Selene (), goddess of the moon
  • Uranus (?), primeval god of the heavens
  • Zeus (?), King of Heaven and god of the sky, clouds, thunder, and lightning

Rustic deities

  • Aetna (), goddess of the volcanic Mount Etna in Sicily
  • Amphictyonis (), goddess of wine and friendship between nations, a local form of Demeter
  • Anthousai (), flower nymphs
  • Aristaeus (), god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing, and hunting
  • Attis (), vegetation god and consort of Cybele
  • Britomartis (), Cretan goddess of hunting and nets used for fishing, fowling and the hunting of small game
  • Cabeiri (), gods or spirits who presided over the Mysteries of the islands of Lemnos and Samothrace
    • Aitnaios ()
    • Alkon ()
    • Eurymedon ()
    • Onnes ()
    • Tonnes ()
  • Chloris (), minor flower nymph and wife of Zephyrus
  • Comus (), god of revelry, merrymaking, and festivity
  • Corymbus (), god of the fruit of the ivy
  • The Curetes (), guardians of infant Zeus on Mount Ida, barely distinguished from the Dactyls and the Corybantes
  • Cybele (), a Phrygian mountain goddess
  • The Dactyls () "fingers", minor deities originally representing fingers of a hand
    • Acmon ()
    • Damnameneus ()
    • Delas ()
    • Epimedes ()
    • Heracles (not to be confused with the hero Heracles)
    • Iasios ()
    • Kelmis ()
    • Skythes ()
    • companions of Cybele
  • Dionysus (), god of wine, drunken orgies, and wild vegetation
  • Dryades (?), tree and forest nymphs
  • Gaia (?), primeval goddess of the earth
  • Epimeliades (?), nymphs of highland pastures and protectors of sheep flocks
  • Hamadryades (?), oak tree dryades
  • Hecaterus (), minor god of the hekateris -- a rustic dance of quickly moving hands -- and perhaps of the skill of hands in general
  • Hermes (), god of herds and flocks, of roads and boundary stones, and the god of thieves.
  • Korybantes (?), the crested dancers who worshipped Cybele
    • Damneus (?) "the one who tames(?)"
    • Idaios () "of Mount Ida"
    • Kyrbas (), whose name is probably a variant of Korybas, singular for "Korybantes"
    • Okythoos (?) "the one running swiftly"
    • Prymneus () "of lower areas(?)"
    • Pyrrhichos (), god of the rustic dance
  • Ma, a local goddess at Comana in Cappadocia
  • Maenades (), crazed nymphs in the retinue of Dionysus
    • Methe (?), nymph of drunkenness
  • Meliae (), nymphs of honey and the ash tree
  • Naiades (?), fresh water nymphs
  • The Nymphai Hyperboreioi ( ), who presided over aspects of archery
    • Hekaerge (?), represented distancing
    • Loxo (?), represented trajectory
    • Oupis (), represented aim
  • Oreades (?), mountain nymphs
    • Adrasteia (), a nursemaid of the infant Zeus
    • Echo (), a nymph cursed never to speak except to repeat the words of others
  • The Ourea (), primeval gods of mountains
  • The Palici (?), a pair of rustic gods who presided over the geysers and thermal springs in Sicily
  • Pan (), god of shepherds, pastures, and fertility
  • Potamoi (?), river gods
For a more complete list, see Potamoi#List of potamoi
  • Priapus (?), god of garden fertility
  • Satyrs (?) / Satyress, rustic fertility spirits
    • Krotos (), a great hunter and musician who kept the company of the Muses on Mount Helicon
  • Silenus (), an old rustic god of the dance of the wine-press
  • Telete (), goddess of initiation into the Bacchic orgies
  • Zagreus (?), in the Orphic mysteries, the first incarnation of Dionysus

Agricultural deities

  • Adonis (), a life-death-rebirth deity
  • Aphaea (), minor goddess of agriculture and fertility
  • Cyamites (), demi-god of the bean
  • Demeter (?), goddess of fertility, agriculture, grain, and harvest
  • Despoina (), daughter of Poseidon and Demeter, goddess of mysteries in Arcadia
  • Dionysus (), god of viticulture and wine
  • Eunostus (), goddess of the flour mill
  • Persephone (), queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
  • Philomelus (), agricultural demi-god inventor of the wagon and the plough
  • Plutus (?), god of wealth, including agricultural wealth, son of Demeter
  • Triptolemus (), god of farming and agriculture, he brought agriculture to Greece

Health deities

  • Apollo (?), god of disease and healing
  • Asclepius (), god of medicine
  • Aceso (), goddess of the healing of wounds and the curing of illnesses
  • Aegle (), goddess of radiant good health
  • Chiron (). god of healing (up for debate if it is a god)
  • Epione (), goddess of the soothing of pain
  • Hygieia (), goddess of cleanliness and good health
  • Iaso (?), goddess of cures, remedies, and modes of healing
  • Paean (), physician of the gods
  • Panacea (), goddess of healing
  • Telesphorus (?), demi-god of convalescence, who "brought to fulfillment" recuperation from illness or injury

Sleep deities

  • Empusa (?), goddess of shape-shifting
  • Epiales (), goddess of nightmares
  • Hypnos () god of sleep
  • Pasithea (?) goddess of relaxing meditation and hallucinations
  • Oneiroi (?) god of dreams
  • Morpheus () god of dreaming

Other deities

  • Acratopotes (), god of unmixed wine
  • Agdistis (), Phrygian hermaphroditic deity
  • Alexiares and Anicetus ( and ), twin sons of Heracles who presided over the defence of fortified towns and citadels
  • Aphroditus (), Cyprian hermaphroditic Aphrodite
  • Astraea (?), virgin goddess of justice
  • Auxesia (?) and Damia (), two local fertility goddesses
  • Charites (?), goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, and fertility
    • Aglaea (), goddess of beauty, adornment, splendor and glory
    • Euphrosyne (), goddess of good cheer, joy, mirth, and merriment
    • Thalia (), goddess of festive celebrations and rich and luxurious banquets
    • Hegemone (?) "mastery"
    • Antheia (), goddess of flowers and flowery wreaths
    • Pasithea (?), goddess of rest and relaxation
    • Cleta () "the glorious"
    • Phaenna () "the shining"
    • Eudaimonia (?) "happiness"
    • Euthymia (?) "good mood"
    • Calleis (?) "beauty"
    • Paidia () "play, amusement"
    • Pandaisia () "banquet for everyone"
    • Pannychis () "all-night (festivity)"
  • Ceraon (), demi-god of the meal, specifically the mixing of wine
  • Chrysus (), spirit of gold
  • Circe (), goddess-witch of Aeaea
  • Daemones Ceramici ( ), five malevolent spirits who plagued the craftsman potter
    • Syntribos (), the shatterer
    • Smaragos (), the smasher
    • Asbetos (?), the charrer
    • Sabaktes (), the destroyer
    • Omodamos (), crudebake
  • Deipneus (), demi-god of the preparation of meals, specifically the making of bread
  • Eileithyia (), goddess of childbirth
  • Enyalius (), minor god of war
  • Enyo (?), goddess of destructive war
  • Epidotes (), a divinity who was worshipped at Lacedaemon[12]
  • Glycon (), a snake god
  • Harpocrates (?), god of silence
  • Hebe (), goddess of youth and cup-bearer to the Olympians
  • Hermaphroditus (), god of hermaphrodites and effeminate men
  • The Horae (?), The Hours, the goddesses of natural order
    • Eunomia (?), spirit of good order, and springtime goddess of green pastures
    • Dike (?), spirit of justice, may have represented springtime growth
    • Eirene (), spirit of peace and goddess of the springtime
    • The goddesses of springtime growth
      • Thallo (), goddess of spring buds and shoots, identified with Eirene
      • Auxo (?), goddess of spring growth
      • Karpo (), goddess of the fruits of the earth
    • The goddesses of welfare
    • The goddesses of the natural portions of time and the times of day
      • Auge (?), first light of the morning
      • Anatole (?) or Anatolia (), sunrise
      • Mousika or Musica (?), the morning hour of music and study
      • Gymnastika, Gymnastica (?) or Gymnasia (), the morning hour of gymnastics/exercise
      • Nymphe (), the morning hour of ablutions (bathing, washing)
      • Mesembria (), noon
      • Sponde (), libations poured after lunch
      • Elete, prayer, the first of the afternoon work hours
      • Akte, Acte (?) or Cypris (), eating and pleasure, the second of the afternoon work hours
      • Hesperis (?), evening
      • Dysis (), sunset
      • Arktos (), night sky, constellation
    • The goddesses of seasons of the year
      • Eiar (?), spring
      • Theros (), summer
      • Pthinoporon (?), autumn
      • Cheimon (), winter
  • Hymenaios (), god of marriage and marriage feasts
  • Ichnaea (), goddess of tracking
  • Iynx (?), goddess of the love charm
  • Matton (), demi-god of the meal, specifically the kneading of dough
  • Mene, goddess of the months
  • Muses (), goddesses of music, song and dance, and the source of inspiration to poets
  • Palaestra (), goddess of wrestling
  • Rhapso (?), minor goddess or nymph whose name apparently refers to sewing

Mortals

Deified mortals

  • Achilles (), hero of the Trojan War
  • Aiakos (), a king of Aegina, appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld after his death
  • Aeolus (), a king of Thessaly, made the immortal king of all the winds by Zeus
  • Alabandus (), he was the founder of the town of Alabanda
  • Amphiaraus (), a hero of the war of the Seven against Thebes who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
  • Ariadne (?), a Cretan princess who became the immortal wife of Dionysus
  • Aristaeus (), a Thessalian hero, his inventions saw him immortalised as the god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing, and hunting
  • Asclepius (), a Thessalian physician who was struck down by Zeus, to be later recovered by his father Apollo
  • Attis (), a consort of Cybele, granted immortality as one of her attendants
  • Bolina (), a mortal woman transformed into an immortal nymph by Apollo
  • The Dioscuri (?), divine twins
  • Endymion (), lover of Selene, granted eternal sleep so as never to age or die
  • Ganymede (), a handsome Trojan prince, abducted by Zeus and made cup-bearer of the gods
  • Glaucus (?), the fisherman's sea god, made immortal after eating a magical herb
  • Hemithea () and Parthenos (), princesses of the Island of Naxos who leapt into the sea to escape their father's wrath; Apollo transformed them into demi-goddesses
  • Heracles (?), ascended hero
Athena pouring a drink for Heracles, who wears the skin of the Nemean Lion
  • Ino (), a Theban princess who became the sea goddess Leucothea
  • Lampsace (?), a semi-historical Bebrycian princess honored as goddess for her assistance to the Greeks
  • The Leucippides (), wives of the Dioscuri
    • Phoebe (), wife of Pollux
    • Hilaera (?), wife of Castor
  • Minos (), a king of Crete, appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld after his death
  • Orithyia (), an Athenian princess abducted by Boreas and made the goddess of cold, gusty mountain winds
  • Palaemon (), a Theban prince, made into a sea god along with his mother, Ino
  • Philoctetes (Ancient Greek: ?), was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea in Thessaly. He was a famous archer, fought at the Trojan War.
  • Phylonoe (?), daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, made immortal by Artemis
  • Psyche (?), goddess of the soul
  • Semele (), mortal mother of Dionysus, who later was made the goddess Thyone ()
  • Tenes (), was a hero of the island of Tenedos

Heroes

  • Abderus, aided Heracles during his eighth labour and was killed by the Mares of Diomedes
  • Achilles ( or ), hero of the Trojan War and a central character in Homer's Iliad
  • Aeneas (?), a hero of the Trojan War and progenitor of the Roman people
  • Ajax the Great (? ? ), a hero of the Trojan War and king of Salamis
  • Ajax the Lesser (? ? ), a hero of the Trojan War and leader of the Locrian army
  • Amphitryon (), Theban general who rescued Thebes from the Teumessian fox; his wife was Alcmene, mother of Heracles
  • Antilochus (), Son of Nestor sacrificed himself to save his father in the Trojan War along with other deeds of valor
  • Bellerophon (?), hero who slew the Chimera
  • Bouzyges, a hero credited with inventing agricultural practices such as yoking oxen to a plough
  • Castor, the mortal Dioscuri twin; after Castor's death, his immortal brother Pollux shared his divinity with him in order that they might remain together
  • Chrysippus (), a divine hero of Elis
  • Daedalus (), creator of the labyrinth and great inventor, until King Minos trapped him in his own creation.
  • Diomedes (), a king of Argos and hero of the Trojan War
  • Eleusis ( or ), eponymous hero of the town of Eleusis
  • Eunostus, a Boeotian hero
  • Ganymede (), Trojan hero and lover of Zeus, who was given immortality and appointed cup-bearer to the gods
  • Hector (), hero of the Trojan War and champion of the Trojan people
  • Icarus (), the son of the master craftsman Daedalus
  • Iolaus (), nephew of Heracles who aided his uncle in one of his Labors
  • Jason (), leader of the Argonauts
  • Meleager (), a hero who sailed with the Argonauts and killed the Calydonian Boar
  • Odysseus ( or ?), a hero and king of Ithaca whose adventures are the subject of Homer's Odyssey; he also played a key role during the Trojan War
  • Orpheus (), a legendary musician and poet who attempted to retrieve his dead wife from the Underworld
  • Pandion (?), the eponymous hero of the Attic tribe Pandionis, usually assumed to be one of the legendary Athenian kings Pandion I or Pandion II.
  • Perseus (?), son of Zeus and the founder-king of Mycenae and slayer of the Gorgon Medusa
  • Theseus (), son of Poseidon and a king of Athens and slayer of the Minotaur

Notable women

  • Alcestis (), daughter of Pelias and wife of Admetus, who was known for her devotion to her husband
  • Amymone, the one daughter of Danaus who refused to murder her husband, thus escaping her sisters' punishment
  • Andromache (), wife of Hector
  • Andromeda (), wife of Perseus, who was placed among the constellations after her death
  • Antigone (), daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta
  • Arachne (), a skilled weaver, transformed by Athena into a spider for her blasphemy
  • Ariadne (?), daughter of Minos, king of Crete, who aided Theseus in overcoming the Minotaur and became the wife of Dionysus
  • Atalanta (), fleet-footed heroine who participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt and the quest for the Golden Fleece
  • Briseis, a princess of Lyrnessus, taken by Achilles as a war prize
  • Caeneus, formerly Caenis, a woman who was transformed into a man and became a mighty warrior
  • Cassandra, a princess of Troy cursed to see the future but never to be believed
  • Cassiopeia (?), queen of Æthiopia and mother of Andromeda
  • Clytemnestra, sister of Helen and unfaithful wife of Agamemnon
  • Danaë, the mother of Perseus by Zeus
  • Deianeira, the third wife and unwitting killer of Heracles
  • Electra, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, she aided her brother Orestes in plotting revenge against their mother for the murder of their father
  • Europa, a Phoenician woman, abducted by Zeus
  • Hecuba (), wife of Priam, king of Troy, and mother of nineteen of his children
  • Helen, daughter of Zeus and Leda, whose abduction brought about the Trojan War
  • Hermione (?), daughter of Menelaus and Helen; wife of Neoptolemus, and later Orestes
  • Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; Agamemnon sacrificed her to Artemis in order to appease the goddess
  • Ismene, sister of Antigone
  • Jocasta, mother and wife of Oedipus
  • Medea, a sorceress and wife of Jason, who killed her own children to punish Jason for his infidelity
  • Medusa, a mortal woman transformed into a hideous gorgon by Athena
  • Niobe, a daughter of Tantalus who declared herself to be superior to Leto, causing Artemis and Apollo to kill her fourteen children
  • Pandora, the first woman
  • Penelope, loyal wife of Odysseus
  • Phaedra, daughter of Minos and wife of Theseus
  • Polyxena, the youngest daughter of Priam, sacrificed to the ghost of Achilles
  • Semele, mortal mother of Dionysus
  • Thrace, the daughter of Oceanus and Parthenope, and sister of Europa

Kings

Seers/oracles

  • Amphilochus (), a seer and brother of Alcmaeon who died in the war of the Seven against Thebes
  • Anius, son of Apollo who prophesied that the Trojan War would be won in its tenth year
  • Asbolus, a seer Centaur
  • Bakis
  • Branchus, a seer and son of Apollo
  • Calchas, an Argive seer who aided the Greeks during the Trojan War
  • Carnus, an Acarnanian seer and lover of Apollo
  • Carya, a seer and lover of Dionysus
  • Cassandra, a princess of Troy cursed to see the future but never to be believed
  • Ennomus, a Mysian seer, killed by Achilles during the Trojan War
  • Halitherses, an Ithacan seer who warned Penelope's suitors of Odysseus' return
  • Helenus, seer and twin brother of Cassandra, who later became king of Epirus
  • Iamus, a son of Apollo possessing the gift of prophecy, he founded the Iamidai
  • Idmon, a seer who sailed with the Argonauts
  • Manto, seer and daughter of Tiresias
  • Melampus, a legendary soothsayer and healer, and king of Argos
  • Mopsus, the name of two legendary seers
  • Polyeidos, a Corinthian seer who saved the life of Glaucus
  • Pythia, the oracle of Delphi
  • Telemus, a seer who foresaw that the Cyclops Polyphemus would be blinded by Odysseus
  • Theoclymenus, an Argive seer
  • Tiresias, blind prophet of Thebes

Amazons

Achilles and Penthesileia (Lucanian red-figure bell-krater, late 5th century BC)
  • Aegea, a queen of the Amazons
  • Aella (), an Amazon who was killed by Heracles
  • Alcibie (?), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Diomedes at Troy
  • Antandre (), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Achilles at Troy
  • Antiope (?), a daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta
  • Areto (), an Amazon
  • Asteria (?), an Amazon who was killed by Heracles
  • Bremusa (), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Idomeneus at Troy
  • Celaeno (?), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Heracles
  • Eurypyle (), an Amazon leader who invaded Ninus and Babylonia
  • Hippolyta (), a queen of Amazons and daughter of Ares
  • Hippothoe (?), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Achilles at Troy
  • Iphito (), an Amazon who served under Hippolyta
  • Lampedo (?), an Amazon queen who ruled with her sister Marpesia
  • Marpesia (), an Amazon queen who ruled with her sister Lampedo
  • Melanippe (), a daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta and Antiope
  • Molpadia (), an Amazon who killed Antiope
  • Myrina (), a queen of the Amazons
  • Orithyia (), an Amazon queen
  • Otrera (), an Amazon queen, consort of Ares and mother of Hippolyta
  • Pantariste (?), an Amazon who fought with Hippolyta against Heracles
  • Penthesilea (), an Amazon queen who fought in the Trojan War on the side of Troy
  • Thalestris (), a queen of the Amazons

Inmates of Tartarus

  • The Danaides, forty-nine daughters of Danaus who murdered their husbands and were condemned to an eternity of carrying water in leaky jugs
  • Ixion, a king of the Lapiths who attempted to rape Hera and was bound to a flaming wheel in Tartarus
  • Sisyphus, a king of Thessaly who attempted to cheat death and was sentenced to an eternity of rolling a boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll back down
  • Tantalus, a king of Anatolia who butchered his son Pelops and served him as a meal to the gods; he was punished with the torment of starvation, food and drink eternally dangling just out of reach

Minor figures

See List of minor Greek mythological figures

See also

References

  1. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Aphrodite. ISBN 9781782976356.
  2. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Apollo. ISBN 9781782976356.
  3. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Ares. ISBN 9781782976356.
  4. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Artemis. ISBN 9781782976356.
  5. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Athena. ISBN 9781782976356.
  6. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Demeter. ISBN 9781782976356.
  7. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Dionysus. ISBN 9781782976356.
  8. ^ March, Jennifer (2014). Dictionary of classical mythology. Hades. ISBN 9781782976356.
  9. ^ "12 Greek Gods and Goddesses". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  10. ^ Beazley Archive 200059, LIMC Gigantes 342 Archived 2015-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Guirand, Felix, ed. (16 December 1987). New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology. Crescent Books. ISBN 978-0-517-00404-3.
  12. ^  Leonhard Schmitz (1870). "Epidotes". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

External links


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