Great Russian Encyclopedia
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Great Russian Encyclopedia
Great Russian Encyclopedia
AuthorVarious contributors
IllustratorSeveral
CountryRussia
LanguageRussian
SubjectGeneral
GenreReference encyclopaedia
PublisherGreat Russian Encyclopedia
Publication date
2004--2017
PagesVolume "Russia" - 1008, other volumes - on average 768
Great Russian Encyclopedia in Vilnius University Library

The Great Russian Encyclopedia (GRE; Russian: ? ? , , transliterated as Bolshaya rossiyskaya entsiklopediya or academically as Bol?aja rossijskaja enciklopedija) is a universal Russian encyclopedia, completed in 36 volumes, published between 2004 and 2017 by Great Russian Encyclopedia, JSC (Russian: ? ? , transliterated as Bolshaya Rossiyskaya Entsiklopediya PAO). It is released under the auspices of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) after President Vladimir Putin signed a presidential decree No1156 in 2002.[1] The complete edition was released by 2017.[2]

The chief editor of the encyclopedia is Yury Osipov, the president of the RAS. The editorial board has more than 80 RAS members, including the Nobel Prize laureates Zhores Alferov and Vitaly Ginzburg.[1]

The first, introductory volume, released in 2004, is dedicated to Russia. Thirty-five volumes were released between 2005 and 2017, covering the range from "A" to "" (Yaya).[3] The RAS plans to publish an updated version every five years, although it may not be issued in print after the first edition.

Personnel and management

Contributors

The GRE print version has many contributors eminent in their fields, such as Nobel Laureate physicist Zhores Alferov, theoretical physicist and astrophysicist Vitaly Ginzburg.

Editorial board

Yury Osipov, a mathematician, President of RAS (1991-2013), is the GRE Editor in Chief and Chairman of the Scientific Editorial Board.

Managing editor is Sergey Kravets, journalist, editor and cultural figure.

Also in the scientific editorial board are or were:

Sergey S. Averintsev, Eugene N. Avrorin, Sergei I. Adian, Yuri P. Altukhov, Zhores I. Alferov, Boris V. Anan'ich, Alexander F. Andreev, Leo N. Andreev, Dmitry V. Anosov, Vladimir I. Arnold, Sergey N. Bagaev, Nikolai Bahvalov, Oleg A. Bogatikov, Alexander A. Boyarchuk, Evgeny Velikhov, Vladimir A. Vinogradov, Andrei I. Vorobyov, Eric M. Galimov, Andrey V. Gaponov-Grekhov, Mikhail L. Gasparov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Georgy S. Golitsyn, Andrei A. Gonchar, Anatoly I. Grigoriev, Abdusalam A. Guseinov, Mikhail I. Davydov, Anatoly P. Derevyanko, Nikolai L. Dobretsov, Yuri I. Zhuravlev, Nicholas S. Zefirov, Yuri A. Zolotov, Viktor P. Ivannikov, Vadim T. Ivanov, Sergei G. Inge-Vechtomov, Alexander S. Isaev, Victor A. Kabanov, Eugene N. Kablov, Sergei P. Karpov, Lev L. Kiselev, Alex E. Kontorovich, Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Oleg N. Krokhin, Edward P. Kruglyakov, Alexander B. Kudelin, Oleg Y. Kutafin, Nikolai P. Laverov, Viktor P. Legostaev, Nikolai P. Liakishev, Valery L. Makarov, Alexander M. Matveenko, Gennady A. Mesyats, Alexander D. Nekipelov, Alexei V. Nikolaev, Sergey P. Novikov, Yuri S. Osipov, Dmitry S. Pavlov, Alexey N. Parshin, Nikolai A. Plate, Nikolai N. Ponomarev-Steppe, Yuri V. Prokhorov, Alexei Y. Rozanov, Valery A. Rubakov, Alexander Y. Rumyantsev, Dmitry V. Rundkvist, Gennady I. Savin, Victor A. Sadovnichii, Alexander N. Skrinsky, Alexander S. Spirin, Yuri S. Stepanov, Vyacheslav S. Stepin, Michael L. Titarenko, Valery A. Tishkov, Yuri D. Tretyakov, Kliment N. Trubetskoy, Oleg H. Favorsky, Ludvig D. Faddeev, Vladimir Ye. Fortov, Konstantin V. Frolov, Yuri I. Chernov, Gorimir G. Chernii, Alexander O. Chubarian, Vitaly D. Shafranov, Sergey V. Shestakov, Dmitry V. Shirkov.

  • RAS Corresponding Members:

Boris A. Babayan, Vladimir I. Vasiliev, Piama P. Gaidenko, Rudolf V. Kamelin, Michael V. Kovalchuk, Nikolai I. Lapin, Sergey S. Lappo, Alexey V. Yablokov.

Vladimir I. Fisinin.

Dmitry O. Shvidkovskiy .

  • Russian Federation Statesmen:
Aleksandr A. Avdeyev (Culture Minister in 2008-2012),
Andrei A. Fursenko (Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation in 2004-2012),
Andrei A. Kokoshin (Secretary of the Russian Security Council in 1998),
Sergey E. Naryshkin (Head of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation in 2008-2011, Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation since 2011),
Alexander S. Sokolov (musicologist, Culture Minister in 2004-2008),
Sergey K. Shoigu (Minister of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation in 1994-2012, Defence Minister from 2012),
Mikhail E. Shvydkoi (Culture Minister in 2000-2004),
Alexander D. Zhukov (Deputy Prime Minister in 2004-2011).
  • and also:

Alexei D. Bogaturov, Sergey V. Chemezov, Vladimir V. Grigoriev, Alexei I. Komech, Vladimir A. Mau, D. L. Orlov.

Edition summary

Publication schedule and contents of volumes:

Vol. Title (translit - translation) Publication year ISBN pages
- (Rossija - Russia) 2004 ISBN 5-85270-326-5 1008
1 A (A - A)
? (Anketirovanie - Questionnaires)
2005 ISBN 5-85270-329-X 766
2 ? (Ankiloz - Ankylosis)
( Banka - Ocean bank)
2005 ISBN 5-85270-330-3 766
3 « » 1904 («Banketnaja kampanija» 1904 - «Banquet campaign» 1904)
? (Bol'shoj Irgiz - Large Irgiz)
2005 ISBN 5-85270-331-1 766
4 ? (Bol'shoj Kavkaz - Greater Caucasus)
? (Velikij kanal - Great Channel)
2006 ISBN 5-85270-333-8 766
5 ? (Velikij knjaz' - The Grand Duke)
? ? (Voshodjashhij uzel orbity - ascending node of the orbit)
2006 ISBN 5-85270-334-6 786
6 ? (Vos'merichnyj put' - Eightfold Path)
(Germancy - Germans)
2006 ISBN 5-85270-335-4 768
7 (Germafrodit - Hermaphrodite)
(Grigor'ev - Grigoriev)
2007 ISBN 978-5-85270-337-8 767
8 (Grigor'ev - Grigoriev)
(Dinamika - Dynamics)
2007 ISBN 978-5-85270-338-5 767
9 (Dinamika atmosfery - Dynamics of the atmosphere)
? (Zheleznodorozhnyj uzel - Railway junction)
2007 ISBN 978-585270-339-2 767
10 (Zheleznoe derevo - Iron Tree)
(Izluchenie - Radiation)
2008 ISBN 978-5-85270-341-5 767
11 (Izluchenie plazmy - Radiation plasma)
(Islamskij front spasenija - the Islamic Salvation Front)
2008 ISBN 978-5-85270-342-2 767
12 (Islandija - Iceland)
(Kanceljarizmy - Kantselyarizmy)
2008 ISBN 978-5-85270-343-9 767
13 ? (Kanceljarija konfiskacii - Chancery of Confiscation)
? (Kirgizy - Kirghiz)
2009 ISBN 978-5-85270-344-6 783
14 (Kireev - Kireev)
(Kongo - Congo)
2009 ISBN 978-5-85270-345-3 751
15 (Kongo - Congo)
(Kreshhenie - Baptism)
2010 ISBN 978-5-85270-346-0 767
16 (Kreshhenie Gospodne - Epiphany)
(Lastochkovye - Lastochkovye)
2010 ISBN 978-5-85270-347-7 751
17 - (Las-Tunas - Las Tunas)
? (Lomonos - Clematis)
2011 ISBN 978-5-85270-350-7 751
18 (Lomonosov - Lomonosov)
? (Manizer - Manizer)
2011 ISBN 978-5-85270-351-4 768
19 (Manikovskij - Iznikovsky)
? (Meotida - Meotida)
2012 ISBN 978-5-85270-353-8 768
20 (Meotskaja arheologicheskaja kul'tura - Meotian archaeological culture)
?- (Mongolo-tatarskoe nashestvie - Mongol-Tatar invasion)
2012 ISBN 978-5-85270-354-5 768
21 ? (Mongoly - Mongols)
? (Nanomaterialy - Nanomaterials)
2013 ISBN 978-5-85270-355-2 768
22 (Nanonauka - Nanoscience)
? (Nikolaj Kavasila - Nicholas Kabasilas)
2013 ISBN 978-5-85270-358-3 767
23 ? (Nikolaj Kuzanskij - Nicholas of Cusa)
(Okean - Ocean)
2013 ISBN 978-5-85270-360-6 767
24 ? (Okeanarium - Oceanarium)
(Ojasio - Oyashio)
2014 ISBN 978-5-85270-361-3 767[4]
25 ? (P - ?)
(Pertur - Perturbation)
2014 ISBN 978-5-85270-362-0 765[5]
26 ? (Peru - Peru)
? (Polupritsep - Semitrailer)
2014 ISBN 978-5-85270-363-7 767[6]
27 (Poluprovodniki - Semiconductors)
? (Pustynya - Desert)
2014 ISBN 978-5-85270-364-4 767[7]
28 (Pustyrnik - Motherwort)
(Rumcherod - Rumcherod)
2015 ISBN 978-5-85270-365-1 767[8]
29 ? (Rumyniya - Romania)
- - - (Sen-Zhan-de-Lyuz - Saint-Jean-de-Luz)
2015 ISBN 978-5-85270-366-8 767[9]
30 -? 1679 (Sen-Zhermenskiy mir 1679 - Saint-Germain Treaty 1679)
? (Sotsial'noye obespecheniy - Social security)
2016 ISBN 978-5-85270-367-5 767[10]
31 ? (Sotsial'noye partnorstvo - Social partnership)
(Televideniye - Television)
2016 ISBN 978-5-85270-368-2 768[11]
32 ? (Televizionnaya bashnya - Television tower)
?- (Ulan-Bator - Ulaanbaatar)
2016 ISBN 978-5-85270-369-9 768[12]
33 (Uhland - Uhland)
? (Khvatsev - Khvatsev)
2017 ISBN 978-5-85270-370-5 799[13]
34 (Khvoyka - Khvoyka)
? (Shervinsky - Shervinsky)
2017 ISBN 978-5-85270-372-9 799[14]
35 (Sherwood - Sherwood)
(Yaya - Yaya)
2017 ISBN 978-5-85270-373-6 799[15]

Electronic version

From April 2016, an electronic version of the Great Russian Encyclopedia is available, with 12,000 articles at launch. New articles are added daily. Web links given under the external links section.

Western criticism

One criticism of the encyclopedia is that it is an unnecessary prestige project in the era when all major encyclopedias went online.[16]

Given its government sponsorship and explicit goal of replacing Wikipedia,[17][18] the neutrality of the encyclopedia may be questioned. Some material from the explicitly Marxist-Leninist Great Soviet Encyclopedia has been included.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "GRE in 30 volumes" (in Russian). GRE official website. 2006. Retrieved .
  2. ^ -- ? ? (in Russian). Evening Moscow. 2012-06-12. Archived from the original on 2013-11-09. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "row 42 of price list" (in Russian). GRE official website. 2017. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 24. Oceanarium - Oyashio (in Russian).
  5. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 25. P - Perturbation (in Russian).
  6. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 26. Peru - Semitrailer (in Russian).
  7. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 27. Semiconductors - Desert (in Russian).
  8. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 28. Motherwort - Rumcherod (in Russian).
  9. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 29. Romania - Saint-Jean-de-Luz (in Russian).
  10. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 30. Saint-Germain World 1679 - Social Security (in Russian).
  11. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 31. Social partnership - Television (in Russian).
  12. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 32. TV Tower - Ulaanbaatar (in Russian).
  13. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 33. Uhland-Khvatsev (in Russian).
  14. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 34. Khvoyka-Shervinsky (in Russian).
  15. ^ Great Russian Encyclopedia. Volume 35. Uhland-Khvatsev (in Russian).
  16. ^ "Russia set to unveil the world's newest print encyclopedia - and its last?". Christian Science Monitor. 2017-03-23.
  17. ^ "Russia to get 'autonomous' popflock.com resource in four years". belsat.eu.
  18. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Putin proposes to replace popflock.com resource with 'reliable' Russian version | DW | 05.11.2019". DW.COM. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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