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The Governor of Vermont is the head of the Government of Vermont, United States. The officeholder is elected in even-numbered years by direct voting for a term of two years. Vermont and bordering New Hampshire are now the only states to hold gubernatorial elections every two years, instead of every four as in the other 48 U.S. states.
There is no limit on the number of terms a Vermont Governor can serve. If no candidate receives at least 50 percent plus one vote of all votes for Governor cast in the election, the Governor of Vermont is then elected by the state legislature. The incumbent Vermont Governor is Republican Phil Scott. He was sworn in on January 5, 2017, becoming Vermont's 82nd Governor.
To "transact business with officers of government, civil and military"
To "prepare such business as may appear necessary, to lay before the General Assembly.
To grant pardons and remit fines, except for cases of treason, in which the Governor may only grant reprieves until the end of the next session of the General Assembly, and for cases of impeachment, in which the Governor cannot grant either reprieves or pardons
To "take care that the laws be faithfully executed" and "expedite the execution of such measures as may be resolved upon by the General Assembly"
There is a separately-elected Lieutenant Governor of Vermont. The Lieutenant Governor becomes the new Governor, if the incumbent Governor dies, resigns or is removed (via impeachment) from office. The Lieutenant Governor is also the Lieutenant-General of the "forces of the State."