Giuseppe Saragat
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Giuseppe Saragat


Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat.jpg
5th President of Italy

29 December 1964 - 29 December 1971
Aldo Moro
Giovanni Leone
Mariano Rumor
Emilio Colombo
Antonio Segni
Giovanni Leone
Minister of Foreign Affairs

4 December 1963 - 22 July 1964
Aldo Moro
Attilio Piccioni
Aldo Moro
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy

10 February 1954 - 19 May 1957
Mario Scelba
Antonio Segni
Attilio Piccioni
Giuseppe Pella

1 June 1947 - 27 January 1950
Alcide De Gasperi
Position established
Attilio Piccioni
President of the Constituent Assembly

25 June 1946 - 6 February 1947
Carlo Sforza
Umberto Terracini
Personal details
Born(1898-09-19)19 September 1898
Turin, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy
Died11 June 1988(1988-06-11) (aged 89)
Rome, Lazio, Italy
NationalityItalian
Political partyUnitary Socialist Party
(1922-1930)
Italian Socialist Party
(1930-1947)
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
(1947-1988)
Spouse(s)Giuseppina Bollani (died 14 January 1961)[1]
Alma materUniversity of Turin

Giuseppe Saragat (Italian pronunciation: [d?u'z?ppe 'sa:ra?at][a]; 19 September 1898, Turin - 11 June 1988, Rome)[2] was an Italian politician who was the fifth President of Italy from 1964 to 1971.

Early life

Born to Sardinian parents, he was of the Unitary Socialist Party from 1922. He moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929.

Political career

Saragat joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1930. He was a reformist democratic socialist who split from the Italian Socialist Party in 1947 out of concern over its then-close alliance with the Italian Communist Party. He founded the Socialist Party of Italian Workers, which would soon become the Italian Democratic Socialist Party. He would be the latter's paramount leader for the rest of his life.[3]

He had been minister without portfolio for the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity in 1944 and ambassador in Paris from 1945 to 1946, Saragat was appointed President of the Constituent Assembly of Italy. He was then as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 1964, when he was chosen President of the Italian Republic. His election was the result of one of the rare instances of unity in the Italian left and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup during Antonio Segni's presidency.[3][4]

He is said to have been an atheist,[5] but after that he became a catholic and he had religious funeral.[6]

Notes

  1. ^ The correct pronunciation is /sara'?at/, but /'sa:ra?at/ has always been more common.

References

  1. ^ Vespa, Bruno (7 October 2010). "L'amore e il potere". Edizioni Mondadori. Retrieved 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Rizzo, Tito Lucrezio (23 October 2012). "Parla il Capo dello Stato: sessanta anni di vita repubblicana attraverso il Quirinale 1946-2006". Gangemi Editore spa. Retrieved 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b Saragat, Giuseppe: "Dizionario di Storia" - Treccani (in Italian) Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  4. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Giuseppe Saragat Is Dead at 89; President of Italy From '64 to '71". Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ Bruno Vespa, L'amore e il potere. da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana, Mondadori, Milano, 2009, p. 120.
  6. ^ From Padre Rotondi e la "conversione" di Saragat

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Carlo Sforza
as President of the National Consult
President of the Constituent Assembly
1946-1947
Succeeded by
Umberto Terracini
Position established Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
1947-1950
Succeeded by
Attilio Piccioni
Preceded by
Attilio Piccioni
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
1954-1957
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Pella
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1963-1964
Succeeded by
Aldo Moro
Preceded by
Antonio Segni
President of Italy
1964-1971
Succeeded by
Giovanni Leone
Party political offices
Position established Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1947-1948
Succeeded by
Alberto Simonini
Preceded by
Ludovico D'Aragona
Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1949-1952
Succeeded by
Elio Vigorelli
Preceded by
Giuseppe Romita
Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1952-1954
Succeeded by
Gian Matteo Matteotti
Preceded by
Gian Matteo Matteotti
Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1957-1964
Succeeded by
Mario Tanassi
Preceded by
Mario Tanassi
Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1976
Succeeded by
Pier Luigi Romita

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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