Gibbon, Oregon
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Gibbon, Oregon

Gibbon is an unincorporated community in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States.[1] It is about 20 miles (32 km) east of Pendleton on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, near the Umatilla River.[2][3]

Gibbon is a station on the Union Pacific railroad that was named for Major General John Gibbon, who was in command of the Department of the Columbia based in Vancouver, Washington, in 1885-86.[4][5] At the time the railroad was being constructed, a station at or near Gibbon was named Mikecha, made up from the names of three civil engineers named Mink, Kennedy, and Chalk.[4] At the beginning of the 20th century, the name of the station was changed to Bingham Springs, because it served the Bingham Springs resort, which is 8 miles (13 km) east up the Umatilla River.[4] The name of the post office, however, remained Gibbon.[4] Gibbon post office ran from 1892 through 1966.[4] At some point, the name of the railroad station was changed back to Gibbon.[4] Today, Gibbon has an Adams mailing address.

As of 1940, Gibbon had a school that served both Native American and other children.[3]


This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen climate classification, Gibbon has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, Csb on climate maps.[6]


  1. ^ a b c "Gibbon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. p. 74. ISBN 0-89933-347-8.
  3. ^ a b Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oregon (1940). Oregon: End of the Trail. American Guide Series. Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort. p. 259. OCLC 4874569.
  4. ^ a b c d e f McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 83-84, 400, 523-524. ISBN 978-0875952772.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 137.
  6. ^ "Gibbon, Oregon". Weatherbase. Canty Media. 2016.

External links

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