George E. Marshall (December 29, 1891 – February 17, 1975) was an American actor, screenwriter, producer, film and television director, active through the first six decades of film history.
Relatively few of Marshall's films are well-known today, with
, Destry Rides Again , The Blue Dahlia , and The Sheepman being the biggest exceptions. How the West Was Won John Houseman called him "one of the old maestros of Hollywood... he had never become one of the giants but he held a solid and honorable position in the industry." 
While Marshall worked on almost all kinds of films imaginable, he started his career in the early silent period doing mostly Westerns, a genre he never completely abandoned.
In the 1930s, he established a reputation for comedy, directing
Laurel and Hardy in three classic films, and also working on a variety of comedies for Fox (Many of his films at Fox were destroyed in a vault fire in 1937). Later in his career, he was particularly sought after for comedies. He did around half a dozen films each with  Bob Hope and Jerry Lewis, and also worked with W. C. Fields, Jackie Gleason, and Will Rogers.
Marshall dropped out of the University of Chicago and worked a journalist and a mechanic. He was working as a logger in Washington when he decided to go to Los Angeles in 1912 to visit his mother.
Marshall decided to stay in Hollywood and work in the movies. He initially worked as an extra. He and another extra, future director Frank Lloyd, once pooled their money to buy a suit and get more work.
Marshall eventually moved into stunt work, then directing  
Harry Carey and Neal Hart
Marshall's early directorial work most starred Harry Carey and
Neal Hart. He said his first film was the Carey three reeler (1916). The Committee on Credentials He also directed  (1916) and Love's Lariat (1917), all with Carey, and A Woman's Eyes (1917) with Hart.
The Man from Montana
Marshall served in France in World War One.
He worked with other actors too, such as
Hoot Gibson in (1918) and The Midnight Flyer Ruth Roland in the serials (1919) and The Adventures of Ruth (1920).
Ruth of the Rockies
In the early 1920s Marshall directed a series of movies starring
Tom Mix including (1920). Prairie Trails 
For most of the 1920s Marshall directed short films, notably at Fox.
In the mid 1920s he was appointed general supervisor of Fox comedy shorts.  His credits included  A Flaming Affair with Lex Neal. 
Laurel and Hardy
Marshall directed a series of
Laurel and Hardy films including (1932), Pack Up Your Troubles (1932), and Their First Mistake (1932).
Towed in a Hole
Marshall took a long term contract at Fox where his films included
(1934) and two with Wild Gold Alice Faye, (1934) and She Learned About Sailors (1934).
365 Nights in Hollywood
Fox entrusted him with one of the studio's biggest stars,
Will Rogers in (1935). He did a comedy, Life Begins at 40 (1935), and a musical with Faye, $10 Raise (1935).
Music Is Magic
Marshall stayed with Fox when it merged with 20th Century to become 20th Century-Fox. He did a crime film,
(1935), a Show Them No Mercy! Jane Withers vehicle (1936), and a war film with Can This Be Dixie? Barbara Stanwyck and Wallace Beery, (1936). A Message to Garcia 
After another crime film,
(1936) he did The Crime of Dr. Forbes (1937) with Nancy Steele Is Missing! Victor McLaglen, (1937) with Love Under Fire Loretta Young and (1938) with McLaglen.
Battle of Broadway
Universal Sam Goldwyn borrowed Marshall to direct (1938).
The Goldwyn Follies
Marshall went to Universal where he directed
W.C. Fields in (1939) then had a huge success with You Can't Cheat an Honest Man Marlene Dietrich and James Stewart in (1939). He did another Western at Universal, Destry Rides Again (1940).
When the Daltons Rode
Marshall went to Paramount, where he directed Bob Hope and Paulette Goddard in
The Ghost Breakers
Marshall, Goddard and Stewart made
(1941) for United Artists. Then Marshall went to Columbia for Pot o' Gold (1941) with Texas Glenn Ford and William Holden, and RKO for (1942) with Valley of the Sun Lucille Ball. During the making of the latter he celebrated his 25th year in films. By the early 1940s he was best known as a director of Westerns.   
Paramount were delighted with
The Ghost Breakers and offered Marshall a long term contract. He did (1942) with Goddard and The Forest Rangers Fred MacMurray and directed the studio's all-star (1942). Star Spangled Rhythm 
Marshall was among the studio's leading directors by now. He worked with
Dorothy Lamour and Dick Powell in (1943), and Riding High Mary Martin in (1943). He did True to Life (1944) with Lamour, MacMurray and the new star And the Angels Sing Betty Hutton, then did a comedy with MacMurray (1945).
Murder, He Says
Marshall did a biopic of
Texas Guinan starring Hutton, (1945), then a comedy with Incendiary Blonde Eddie Bracken and Veronica Lake, (1945). Hold That Blonde 
Marshall had a big success with
(1946), starring The Blue Dahlia Alan Ladd and Lake, from a script by Raymond Chandler. 
Also popular was a comedies he made with Bob Hope,
(1946), and Hutton, Monsieur Beaucaire (1947), a tribute to the old serials that Marshall himself used to direct; it was produced by The Perils of Pauline Sol Siegel. 
Paramount got him to do another revue-style film,
(1947). Variety Girl 
Sight and Sound magazine said Marshall had become:
One of our leading directors of comedy. Not comedy of ideas, however fuzzy or pretentious as with
Preston Sturges, the "art" comedy. But showmanship, the Paramount, the Hollywood romantic comedy... of recent years had become so syrupy, plotty and ungay. Marshall has not remodelled the form or made drastic changes. But he has lightened it, sped it up, taken stories that would have remained solemn bores with more literal minded directors and made entertainment out of them, by having a little fun, going just a little wild in the process... With a style that is extroverted, clean, limber, above all natural, casual in its use of slapstick with the effect of making Sturges' slapstick seem almost studied, Marshall, you'll probably find, is the director credit that will explain how many a film with all the external attributes of a stinker... kept you in your seat, interested to the end, as it were, in spite of yourself. 
Marshall did a comedy with Goddard and
MacDonald Carey, (1948), then he was borrowed by Hazard Walter Wanger for (1948). Tap Roots 
In 1948 he quit
Bonanza (which became ) with Glenn Ford and Ida Lupino after four days of filming due to disputes with producer Lust for Gold S. Sylvan Simon. However he bounced back with  (1949) which introduced Martin and Lewis.
My Friend Irma
In 1949 Paramount extended its contract with him for two more years.
He was reunited with Ball and Hope in  (1950), then did two with MacMurray, Fancy Pants (1950) at RKO and Never a Dull Moment (1951) at Fox.
A Millionaire for Christy
In 1950 Marshall and
William Holden announced they had formed a company to make half hour TV shows but it appears they were not made. 
Back at Paramount he did
(1952) with The Savage Charlton Heston, (1953) with Hope and Mickey Rooney, and Off Limits (1953) with Martin and Lewis (remaking his earlier Scared Stiff Ghost Breakers) .
He did a biopic,
(1953) with Houdini Tony Curtis, then (1954) with Martin and Lewis, and Money from Home (1954) with Red Garters Rosemary Clooney.
Marshall went to South Africa to make
(1954) then back at Paramount remade his own Duel in the Jungle Destry Rides Again as (1954) with Destry Audie Murphy. 
Marshall went to Universal to do a musical,
(1955), and a Western, The Second Greatest Sex (1956). He returned to Africa to make Pillars of the Sky (1956) with Beyond Mombassa Cornel Wilde for Columbia.
Also at Columbia he made
(1957) with Audie Murphy, produced by Murphy.
The Guns of Fort Petticoat
He went back to Paramount to make
(1957), Jerry Lewis' second film without Dean Martin.
The Sad Sack
Marshall then received an offer from MGM, who were then being run by Sol Siegel, to direct
Glenn Ford in a Western, (1958). It was a hit, so he stayed at the studio to direct The Sheepman (1959), with Ford; Imitation General (1959) with The Mating Game Debbie Reynolds; and (1959) and It Started with a Kiss (1959), both with Reynolds and Ford. All these films were popular.
Marshall and Ford made
(1961) at Columbia, which featured location filming in Japan. Cry for Happy He announced plans to make a biopic of Ruth Roland with Debbie Reynolds but it was not made.  
Then Marshall directed
Rita Hayworth in (1963) and directed the railroad segment of The Happy Thieves (1963) at MGM.
How the West Was Won
In 1963 he celebrated his fiftieth year as a director. "You try to keep up with the spirit of the times," he said. ""You go along with it or wonder why they don't call you any more... Some of my friends have let the world go by them. They couldn't understand the changes... I don't think people have basically changed. They still want to be entertained."
Marshall said his credo was "you should see possibilities and they lead you to other things later on. If you're a mechanic you just do it as written. If you're - I wouldn't say an artist - then you try to make more of it. It's easy to be a mechanic."
(1963) with Papa's Delicate Condition Jackie Gleason, (1964) with Dark Purpose Shirley Jones and (1964) with Ford. He also did the pilot for Advance to the Rear . Daniel Boone 
In the late 1960s Marshall moved increasingly into television.
His later feature credits include two with Hope,
(1966) and Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number! (1967) and Eight on the Lam (1968) with The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz Elke Sommer.
His last feature that he directed was
(1969) starring Lewis.
Hook, Line & Sinker Lucille Ball chose George Marshall to direct eleven episodes of her television series in 1969, having previously worked in several Marshall comedies herself. Here's Lucy
He appeared as an actor in
. The Crazy World of Julius Vrooder 
His last professional job was an acting appearance in
Police Woman. Three days before he died he was inducted into the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame.  
Marshall married Germaine, who he met in France after World War One. They had two children, a son and a daughter.
Marshall died after a two-week illness.
He is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, Los Angeles.
For his contribution to the film industry, George Marshall has a star on the
Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7048 Hollywood Boulevard. 
And the Best Man Won (1915) (short) - story
(1916) (short) - writer, director - with Neal Hart Across the Rio Grande
(1916) (short) - director - with The Committee on Credentials Harry Carey
(1916) (serial) - assistant director Liberty
(1916) - writer, director - with Harry Carey, Neal Hart Love's Lariat
(1916) -writer, director - with A Woman's Eyes Harry Carey
(1916) - director The Devil's Own
(1917) - director Won by Grit
(1917) (short) - director, producer The Comeback
(1917) (short) - writer, director - with They Were Four Joe Rickson
Border Wolves (1917) (short) - story, director - with Neal Hart
Roped In (1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart
The Raid (1917) - writer, director - with Neal Hart
The Desert Ghost (1917) - director
Bill Brennan's Claim (1917) - director
Casey's Border Raid (1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart
The Honor of Men (1917) - director
Swede Hearts (1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart
Meet My Wife (1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart
(1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart Double Suspicion
(1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart Right of Way Casey
(1917) - story, director - with Neal Hart Squaring It
The Ninth Day (1917) - director
(1917) - story, director - with The Man from Montana Neal Hart
Quick Triggers (1918)(short) - director, writer - with Neal Hart
(1918)(short) - director - with The Midnight Flyer Hoot Gibson
Naked Fists (1918)(short) - director, writer - with Neal Hart
Beating the Limited (1918)(short) - director, story - with Neal Hart
When Paris Saw Green Red (1918)(short) - director
The Fast Mail (1919) (short) - director
The Husband Hunter (1919) - director
The Gun Runners (1919) - director, story
(1919) (serial) - director - with The Adventures of Ruth Ruth Roland
Charlot! Charlot! (1919) - director
(1920) (serial) - director - with Ruth of the Rockies Ruth Roland
(1920) - director -with Prairie Trails Tom Mix
Why Trust Your Husband (1921) - director, story
Hands Off! (1921) - director - with Tom Mix
(1921) - director, story - with Tom Mix A Ridin' Romeo
(1921) - director - with Tom Mix After Your Own Heart
(1921) - director The Lady from Longacre
The Jolt (1921) - director, writer - with Edna Murphy
(1922) - director Smiles Are Trumps
West Is West (1922) (short) - director
(1923) - director The Haunted Valley
(1923) - director Don Quickshot of the Rio Grande
Where Is This West (1923) - director
(1923) - director Men in the Raw
(1924) - director The Back Trail
The Fight (1924) (short) - director
The Hunt (1924) (short) - director
The Race (1924) (short) - director
Paul JOnes Jr (1924) (short) - director
The Burglar (1924) (short) - director
All Abroad (1925) (short) - producer
A Spanish Romeo (1925) (short) - director
The Big Game Hunter (1925) (short) - director
The Sky Jumper (1925) (short) - director
A Parisian Knight (1925) (short) - director
Neptune's Stepdaughter (1925) (short) - supervisor
Pawnshop Politics (1926) (short) - producer
Matrimony Blues (1926) (short) - producer
A Bankrupt Honeymoon (1926) (short) - supervisor
From a Cabby's Seat (1926) (short) - director
Moving Day (1926) (short) - supervisor
The Steeplechaser (1926) (short) - producer
King of the Kitchen (1926) (short) - producer
A1 Society (1926) (short) - supervisor
The Non-Stop Bride (1926) (short) - supervisor
The Battling Kangaroo (1926) (short) - supervisor
Golf Widows (1926) (short) - supervisor
(1926) - production supervisor A Trip to Chinatown
Girls (1927) (short) - director
A Dog's Pal (1927) (short) - production supervisor
The Kangaroo Detective (1927) (short) - production supervisor
A Man About Town (1927) (short) - director, producer
Wine, Women and Sauerkraut (1927) (short) - production supervisor
Rumors for Rent (1927) (short) - production supervisor
Suite Homes (1927) (short) - production supervisor
The Gay Retreat (1927) (short) - production supervisor
Gentlemen Prefer Scotch (1927) (short) - director
Slippery Silks (1927) (short) - producer
The Adventures of Ruth (1927) (short) - director
Twenty Legs Under the Sea (1927) (short) - supervisor
Captain Kidd's Kittens (1927 )(short) - supervisor
The Elephant's Elbows (1928) (short) - supervisor
Bear Knees (1928) (short) - supervisor
No Picnic (1928) (short) - director
No Sale Smitty (1928) (short) - director
Camping Out (1928) (short) - director
No Vacation (1929) (short) - director
Circus Time (1929) (short) - director
No Children (1929) (short) - director
Watch My Smoke (1929) (short) - director
Tomato Omlette (1929) (short) - director
Puckered Success (1929) (short) - director
Uncle's Visit (1929) (short) - director
Hey Diddle Diddle (1930) (short) - director, writer - with Nick Basil
He Loved Her Not (1931) (short) - director
How I Play Golf (1931) - series of 12 shorts starring Bobby Jones - director
Big Dame Hunting (1932) (short) - director, story - with Ned Sparks
Just a Pain in the Parlor (1932) (short) - director
Strictly Unreliable (1932) (short) - director
The Old Bull (1932) (short) - director
(1932) (short) - director, actor Pack Up Your Troubles
Allum and Eve (1932) (short) - director
A Firehouse Honeymoon (1932) (short) - director
(1932) (short) - director The Soilers
(1932) (short) - director - with Their First Mistake Laurel and Hardy
(1932) (short) - director, idea - with Towed in a Hole Laurel and Hardy
Easy on the Eyes (1933) (short) - director
Calienete Love (1933) (short) - director
Sweet Cookie (1933) (short) - director
Knock Out Kisses (1933) (short) - director
Husbands' Reunion (1933) (short) - director
The Big Fibber (1933) (short) - director
(1933) - a series of 6 shorts starring How to Break 90 Bobby Jones - director
(1933) - story Olsen's Big Moment
(1934) - director - with 365 Nights in Hollywood Alice Faye
(1934) - director - with She Learned About Sailors Alice Faye
(1934) - director Wild Gold
(1934) - story Call It Luck
(1934) - director Ever Since Eve
(1935) - director Life Begins at 40
(1935) - director In Old Kentucky
(1935) - director Show Them No Mercy!
(1935) - director Music is Magic
(1935) - director $10 Raise
(1936) - director A Message to Garcia
(1936) - director The Crime of Dr. Forbes
(1937) - director Love Under Fire
(1937) - director, story Can This Be Dixie?
(1937) - director Nancy Steele Is Missing!
(1938) - director Hold That Co-ed
(1938) - director Battle of Broadway
(1938) - director The Goldwyn Follies
(1939) - director You Can't Cheat an Honest Man
(1939) - director Destry Rides Again
(1940) - director The Ghost Breakers
(1940) - director When the Daltons Rode
(1941) - director Pot o' Gold
(1941) - director Texas
(1942) - director Star Spangled Rhythm
(1942) - director Valley of the Sun
(1942) - director The Forest Rangers
(1943) - director True to Life
(1943) - director Riding High
(1944) - director And the Angels Sing
(1945) - director Murder, He Says
(1945) - director Hold That Blonde
(1945) - director Incendiary Blonde
(1946) - director The Blue Dahlia
(1946) - director Monsieur Beaucaire
(1947) - director The Perils of Pauline
(1947) - director, cameo Variety Girl
(1948) - director Hazard
(1948) - director Tap Roots
(1949) - directed for a few days before leaving film Lust for Gold
(1949) - director My Friend Irma
(1950) - director Never a Dull Moment
(1950) - director Fancy Pants
(1951) (short) - director with Ace of Clubs Bobby Jones
(1951) - director A Millionaire for Christy
(1952) - director The Savage
(1952) - director Off Limits
(1953) - director Money from Home
(1953) - director Scared Stiff
(1953) - director Houdini
(1954) - director Duel in the Jungle
(1954) - director Red Garters
(1954) - director Destry
(1955) - director The Second Greatest Sex
(1955) (TV series) - director, story - 1 episode "The Silent Partner" with Screen Directors Playhouse Buster Keaton
(1955) (TV series) - actor episode "How to Raise a Boy" Cavalcade of America
(1956) - director Beyond Mombasa
(1956) - director Pillars of the Sky
(1957) - director The Guns of Fort Petticoat
(1957) - director The Sad Sack
(1958) - director The Sheepman
(1958) - director Imitation General
(1959) - director The Mating Game
(1959) - director It Started with a Kiss
(1959) - director The Gazebo
(1961) - director Cry for Happy
(1961) - director The Happy Thieves
(1962) - director (the railroad scenes) How the West Was Won
(1963) - director Papa's Delicate Condition
(1964) - director Advance to the Rear
(1964) - director Dark Purpose
(1964-65) (TV series) - director 5 episodes Valentine's Day
(1964) (TV series) - director 1 episode The Wackiest Ship in the Army
(1964-70) (TV series) - director 10 episodes Daniel Boone
(1966) - director Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number!
(1966) (TV series) - director 1 episode Tarzan
(1967) - director Eight on the Lam
(1968) - director The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz
(1969) - director Hook, Line & Sinker
(1969) (TV series) - director 10 episodes - actor in episode "Lucy Runs the Rapids" Here's Lucy
(1972) (TV series) - director 1 episode Cade's County
(1972) (TV series) - director 1 episode Hec Ramsey
(1972) (TV series) - director 2 episodes The Odd Couple
(1974) - actor The Crazy World of Julius Vrooder (1975) (TV series) - actor n episode "Blast" Police Woman
Awards and nominations
Western Heritage Awards
Theatrical Motion Picture
How the West Was Won (shared with
John Ford, Henry Hathaway, and James R. Webb) 1967
Houseman, John (1976). "Lost Fortnight, a Memoir". The Blue Dahlia: A Screenplay. By Chandler, Raymond. Carbondale. pp. xiii.
Young, Jordan (2012). Directing Laurel and Hardy. USA: Past Times Publishing Co. pp. 292, 298, 302, 334.
^ a b c d George Marshall, Director, Dies Dreyfuss, John. Los Angeles Times 8 Feb 1975: a3.
^ a b GEORGE MARSHALL, FILM DIRECTOR, 84: Hollywood Figure 62 Years Dies Made 400 Movies
By ROBERT McG. THOMAS Jr. New York Times ]18 Feb 1975: 32.
^ a b c d HARDY HOLLYWOOD: George Marshall Marks His 50th Year As Director at the Same Old Stand Down Memory Lane Fields' Day
By MURRAY SCHUMACH. New York Times 1 Sep 1963: X5.
^ MIX IN THE SADDLE.: But It Isn't the Horsey Kind, Instead Old-Fashioned Bike.
Los Angeles Times 27 Mar 1921: III35.
^ FLASHES: FOX STILL HERE IAGNATE SEES MANY NEW FILMS IN PRODUCTION
Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 2 Apr 1924: A11.
^ FLASHES: STAR STARTS WORK HARRY CAPEY BEGINS ON "FRONTIER TRAIL"
Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 23 Jan 1926: 7.
^ FLASHES: FOX EXPANDS BIG STORIES INOLUDE HOYT'S "TRIP TO CHINATOWN"
Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 31 Oct 1925: A11.
^ Director Hurt as He Tries to Teach Dancing: Young Autograph Seekers Storm Autos.
Shaffer, George. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]29 Aug 1936: 16.
^ George Marshall to Be Honored
Los Angeles Times (1923-1995); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]05 Aug 1940: 11.
^ George Marshall Wins Fame As a Director of Westerns: Hollywood Letter By Frank Daugherty Special to The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor 27 Feb 1942: 10.
^ PUTTING CUFFAWS INTO THE WESTERN
New York Times 12 Oct 1941: X4.
^ "Star Spangled Rhythm": George Marshall Directs the Greatest Star Cast in History
The Tatler and Bystander; London Vol. 167, Iss. 2175, (Mar 3, 1943): 261.
^ TEXAS GUINAN FILM DUE AT PARAMOUNT: Screen Biography of NightClub Figure, Starring BettyHutton, Opens Today
New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]25 July 1945: 18.
^ SCREEN NEWS: Warners Pay $100,000 Down for 'Hasty Heart' Joan Blondell Gets Top Part New York Times 19 Feb 1945: 21.
^ 'Perils of Pauline' Anew
By Frank Daugherty Special to The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor 26 Apr 1946: 5.
^ PARAMOUNT PLANS STAR-STUDDED FILM: Virtually All Contract Players to Appear in 'Variety Girl'-- Two Openings Today
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times 10 July 1946: 18.
^ DIRECTORS MOVING UP
Leonard, Harold. Sight and Sound; London Vol. 15, Iss. 57, (Spring 1946): 9.
^ Paulette Will Make 'Hazard' for Paramount
The Washington Post (1923-1954); Washington, D.C. [Washington, D.C]12 Oct 1947: L5.
^ GEORGE MARSHALL LEAVES COLUMBIA: Director Quits 'Bonanza' Work After Four Days of Shooting in Dispute With Simon
By THOMAS F. BRADYS New York Times (30 Oct 1948: 11.
^ Marshall Starting 36th Year in Show Business
Los Angeles Times 23 Oct 1949: D3.
^ NEWS OF TV AND RADIO: Cabinet Meeting Will Be Televised by C.B.S.
By SIDNEY LOHMAN. New York Times 14 May 1950: 119.
^ A TOWN CALLED HOLLYWOOD: 'Oklahoma!' Cast Complete; Mack Sennett Glances Back
Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 20 June 1954: D4.
^ JAPANESE ACTORS STAR IN WESTERN: Sequence in 'Cry for Happy,' With Oriental Cowboys and Indians Filmed in Kyoto
By BILL BECKER New York Times 27 June 1960: 21.
^ TV Ace With 20th; Vallee Goes Legit: Movies for Children Listed; Debbie May Play Ruth Roland
Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 12 May 1961: A11.
^ George Marshall Set for Daniel Boone Show
Los Angeles Times 9 Oct 1969: g26.
^ Hiller in the 'Booth': A director on trial
Dettmer, Roger. Chicago Tribune 26 Jan 1975: e2.
"George Marshall - Hollywood Star Walk - Los Angeles Times". projects.latimes.com . Retrieved .